Cardiac asthma

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Cardiac asthma
Purposediagnosis of congestive heart failure

Cardiac asthma is a medical diagnosis of wheezing, coughing, dyspnea, bloody sputum, or shortness of breath due to congestive heart failure.[1]

It is known as cardiac asthma because the symptoms mimic ordinary asthma (bronchial asthma). One study found that patients with cardiac asthma represented one third of congestive heart failure in elderly patients.[2]

Depending on severity, it may be classified as a medical emergency, as it can be a symptom of acute heart failure leading to the buildup of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) as well as within and around the airways.[citation needed]

The distinction between bronchial asthma and cardiac asthma is especially important because some treatments for bronchial asthma, including inhalers, may worsen cardiac asthma or cause severe heart arrhythmias.[citation needed]

Bronchial asthma, in contrast, is caused by the inflammation and narrowing of pulmonary airways, causing the characteristic breathing difficulties. Bronchial asthma has nothing to do with fluid in the lungs or heart disease, or even the heart failure associated with cardiac asthma.[citation needed]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Georgia, Mark H. J. Litzinger, BSc, BSc Pharm, RPh Clinical Instructor of Pharmacy Practice School of Pharmacy Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine-Georgia Suwanee, Georgia Julia K. N. Aluyen, PharmD Ramon Cereceres, Jr , PharmD Ashley N. Feik, PharmD Candidate Katherine E. Iltis, PharmD Criselle R. Perez, PharmD University of the Incarnate Word Feik School of Pharmacy San Antonio, Texas Katelyn E. Horne, PharmD Candidate Loma Linda University School of Pharmacy Loma Linda, California Monica Litzinger BSc, BSc Pharm, RPh Outpatient Pharmacist Suwanee. "Cardiac Asthma: Not Your Typical Asthma". www.uspharmacist.com. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
  2. ^ Jorge S, Becquemin MH, Delerme S, Bennaceur M, Isnard R, Achkar R, et al. (2007). "Cardiac asthma in elderly patients: incidence, clinical presentation and outcome". BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. 7: 16. doi:10.1186/1471-2261-7-16. PMC 1878501. PMID 17498318.

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Classification


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