Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Encinitas, California

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Community of Cardiff-by-the-Sea

Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917
CountryUnited States
CountySan Diego
79 ft (24 m)
 • Total11,537
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
Area codes442/760
GNIS feature ID1656451[1]

Cardiff-by-the-Sea, usually referred to as Cardiff, is a beach community located in Encinitas in San Diego County, California. The Pacific Ocean is to the west of Cardiff, the rest of Encinitas on its east and north, and a beach and lagoon on its south. With a population of under 12,000, Cardiff-by-the-Sea operates as part of the city of Encinitas, but unlike the other communities that comprise Encinitas, has its own ZIP code (92007).

Cardiff is also home to a few well-known surf spots, such as Swami's and Cardiff Reef.


In 1911 this former farming community began to develop when Boston developer J. Frank Cullen broke ground to build new homes.[2] Frank Cullen's wife, a native of Cardiff, persuaded him to name the community "Cardiff", as well as many streets, such as "Birmingham", "Oxford", "Chesterfield" and "Manchester", despite heavy Spanish influence in the area.[3] In 1986, "Cardiff" joined with the nearby communities of Leucadia, Olivenhain, and Encinitas to form the incorporated city of Encinitas.[4]


Cardiff is part of the city of Encinitas, which is governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals.

In the California State Legislature, Cardiff is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tasha Boerner Horvath.[5]

In the United States House of Representatives, Cardiff is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Levin.[6]

Cardiff School District[edit]

Cardiff has a school district consisting of two schools:[7]

Cardiff Reef[edit]

Cardiff Reef ("The Reef") is a popular surf spot in Cardiff that produces waves both professional and novice surfers enjoy year round. Surfing at The Reef has progressed from just a few surfers in the 1950s to become one of the most popular surfing spots in San Diego County.[8] Cardiff Reef and nearby surf spot, Pipes, are famous for their smooth and consistent wave shape.

When the tide is low, a flat rock reef is revealed that extends 50 yards from shore. Exploring these tide pools is a popular activity for visitors of Cardiff.


According to the 2010 Census, Cardiff-by-the-Sea is 72% white, 20% Hispanic, 3% Asian, 1% African-American and 4% Other [9]


Stand-Up Paddle surfers at Cardiff Reef in Encinitas, California.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cardiff-by-the-Sea". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
  2. ^ Some Cardiff History from the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce
  3. ^ Tucker, Wehtahnah; Bujkovsky, Gus. Cardiff-by-the-Sea. Arcadia Publishing SC. pp. 7, 15. ISBN 9780738569512.
  4. ^ Andreen, Mike (August 16, 2011). "Tale of Incorporation: How Encinitas Became an Entity Onto Itself 25 Years Ago". Encinitas Patch. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  6. ^ "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  7. ^ "Cardiff School District". Archived from the original on April 24, 2010. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  8. ^ "10 Best Surf Spots in San Diego". Retrieved May 22, 2012.
  9. ^ "Mapping America — Census Bureau's 2005-9 American Community Survey". The New York Times. December 13, 2010.
  10. ^ "IRONMAN TRIATHLON : Mark Allen Wins, Gains Confidence". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. October 8, 1990. Retrieved May 24, 2011.

External links[edit]