Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Encinitas, California

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Community of Cardiff-by-the-Sea
Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917
Country United States
State California
County San Diego
City Encinitas
Founded 1911
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total 11,537
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code 92007
Area codes 442/760
GNIS feature ID 1656451[1]

Cardiff-by-the-Sea, usually referred to as Cardiff, is a beach community located in Encinitas in San Diego County, California. The Pacific Ocean is to the west of Cardiff, the rest of Encinitas on its east and north, and a beach and lagoon on its south. With a population of under 12,000, Cardiff-by-the-Sea operates as part of the city of Encinitas, but unlike the other communities that comprise Encinitas, has its own ZIP code (92007).

Cardiff is also home to a few well-known surf spots, such as Swami's and Cardiff Reef.


In 1911 this former farming community began to develop when Boston developer J. Frank Cullen broke ground to build new homes.[2] Frank Cullen's wife, a native of Cardiff, Wales, persuaded him to name the community "Cardiff", as well as many streets, such as "Birmingham", "Oxford", "Chesterfield" and "Manchester", despite heavy Spanish influence in the area.[3] In 1986 Cardiff joined with the nearby communities of Leucadia, Olivenhain, and Encinitas to form the incorporated city of Encinitas.[4]


Cardiff is part of the city of Encinitas, which is governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals.

In the California State Legislature, Cardiff is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Republican Rocky Chávez.[5]

In the United States House of Representatives, Cardiff is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Republican Darrell Issa.[6]

Cardiff School District[edit]

Cardiff has a school district consisting of two schools:[7]

Cardiff Reef[edit]

Cardiff Reef ("The Reef") is a popular surf spot in Cardiff that produces waves both professional and novice surfers enjoy year round. Surfing at The Reef has progressed from just a few surfers in the 1950s to become one of the most popular surfing spots in San Diego County.[8] Cardiff Reef and nearby surf spot, Pipes, are famous for their smooth and consistent wave shape.

When the tide is low, a flat rock reef is revealed that extends 50 yards from shore. Exploring these tide pools is a popular activity for visitors of Cardiff.


According to the 2010 Census, Cardiff-by-the-Sea is 72% white, 20% Hispanic, 3% Asian, 1% African-American and 4% Other [9]


Stand-Up Paddle surfers at Cardiff Reef in Encinitas, California.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cardiff-by-the-Sea". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  2. ^ Some Cardiff History from the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce
  3. ^ Tucker, Wehtahnah; Bujkovsky, Gus. Cardiff-by-the-Sea. Arcadia Publishing SC. pp. 7, 15. ISBN 9780738569512. 
  4. ^ Andreen, Mike (August 16, 2011). "Tale of Incorporation: How Encinitas Became an Entity Onto Itself 25 Years Ago". Encinitas Patch. Retrieved 29 July 2018. 
  5. ^ "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  7. ^ "Cardiff School District". Archived from the original on April 24, 2010. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  8. ^ "10 Best Surf Spots in San Diego". Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Mapping America — Census Bureau's 2005-9 American Community Survey". The New York Times. December 13, 2010. 
  10. ^ "IRONMAN TRIATHLON : Mark Allen Wins, Gains Confidence". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. October 8, 1990. Retrieved May 24, 2011. 

External links[edit]