Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Encinitas, California

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Community of Cardiff-by-the-Sea
Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Sunset at Cardiff Beach
Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917Coordinates: 33°1′15″N 117°16′45″W / 33.02083°N 117.27917°W / 33.02083; -117.27917
Country United States
State California
County San Diego
City Encinitas
Founded 1911
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total 11,537
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92007
Area codes 442/760
GNIS feature ID 1656451[1]

Cardiff-by-the-Sea, usually referred to as Cardiff, is a beach community located in Encinitas, bordering Solana Beach to the south in San Diego County, California. The Pacific Ocean is to the west of Cardiff, Encinitas on its east and north, and a beach and lagoon on its south. With a population of under 12,000, Cardiff-by-the-Sea operates as part of the city of Encinitas, but unlike the other communities that comprise Encinitas, has its own ZIP code (92007).

In 1911 this former farming community began to develop when Boston developer J. Frank Cullen broke ground to build new homes.[2] Frank Cullen's wife, a native of Cardiff, Wales, persuaded him to name the community "Cardiff", as well as many streets, such as "Birmingham", "Oxford", "Chesterfield" and "Manchester", despite heavy Spanish influence in the area.[3]

According to the 2010 Census, Cardiff-by-the-Sea is 72% white, 20% Hispanic, 3% Asian, 1% African-American and 4% Other [4]

Cardiff is also home to a few well-known surf spots, such as Swami's and Cardiff Reef.


Cardiff is part of the city of Encinitas, which is governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals.

In the California State Legislature, Cardiff is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Republican Rocky Chávez.[5]

In the United States House of Representatives, Cardiff is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Republican Darrell Issa.[6]

Cardiff School District[edit]

Cardiff has a school district consisting of two schools:[7]

Cardiff Reef[edit]

Cardiff Reef ("The Reef") is a popular surf spot in Cardiff that produces waves both professional and novice surfers enjoy year round. Surfing at The Reef has progressed from just a few surfers in the 1950s to become one of the most popular surfing spots in San Diego County.[8] Cardiff Reef and nearby surf spot, Pipes, are famous for their smooth and consistent wave shape.

When the tide is low, a flat rock reef is revealed that extends 50 yards from shore. Exploring these tide pools is a popular activity for visitors of Cardiff.


Stand-Up Paddle surfers at Cardiff Reef in Encinitas, California.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cardiff-by-the-Sea". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  2. ^ Some Cardiff History from the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce
  3. ^ Tucker, Wehtahnah; Bujkovsky, Gus. Cardiff-by-the-Sea. Arcadia Publishing SC. pp. 7, 15. ISBN 9780738569512. 
  4. ^ "Mapping America — Census Bureau's 2005-9 American Community Survey". The New York Times. December 13, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  7. ^ "Cardiff School District". Archived from the original on April 24, 2010. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  8. ^ "10 Best Surf Spots in San Diego". Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  9. ^ "IRONMAN TRIATHLON : Mark Allen Wins, Gains Confidence". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. October 8, 1990. Retrieved May 24, 2011. 

External links[edit]