Cardiff Central (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Preserved county||South Glamorgan|
|Population||88,097 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||64,225 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jo Stevens (Labour Party)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Cardiff North and Cardiff South East|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Cardiff North and Cardiff West|
|Senedd||Cardiff Central, South Wales Central|
Cardiff Central (Welsh: Canol Caerdydd) is a borough constituency[n 1] in the city of Cardiff. It returns one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system. The seat is currently held by Jo Stevens of the Labour Party. She was appointed as Shadow Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport on 6 April 2020.
1918–1950: The County Borough of Cardiff wards of Canton, Cathays, Central, and Riverside.
1983–2010: The City of Cardiff wards of Adamsdown, Cathays, Cyncoed, Pentwyn, Plasnewydd, and Roath.
2010–present: The Cardiff electoral divisions of Adamsdown, Cathays, Cyncoed, Pentwyn, Penylan, and Plasnewydd.
As its name suggests, Cardiff Central covers the central area of the City of Cardiff. It extends from the area around the Millennium Stadium in the south to Llanishen Golf Course in the north, taking in the City Centre and the University.
This was a Conservative-held three-way marginal constituency throughout the 1980s but since 1997 Labour and the Liberal Democrats have pushed the Conservative candidate into third place. The Liberal Democrats won the equivalent Welsh Assembly seat in 1999 and 2003 and also dominate the wards which make up the seat in elections to Cardiff Council.
The constituency is socially diverse, with both very affluent and very deprived areas. It has a large student population which seems to have helped Labour to win in 1992 and 1997 but thereafter increasingly switched to the Liberal Democrats due to opposition to government plans for reforming student support. This switched yet again in the 2015 general election where students were disillusioned by the broken promises the Liberal Democrats made regarding tuition fees. This was despite the fact that these student loan promises did not apply to Wales, which has a different funding system and MP Jenny Willott had also voted against the English changes in Parliament.
The seat was unchanged in the Fifth Periodical Report of the Parliamentary Boundary Commission for Wales, which took effect at the 2010 general election.
Since the seat's re-creation in 1983, it has been held successively by each of the three main political parties; the Liberal Democrats gained it at the 2005 election after 13 years of Labour representation. The constituency has transformed dramatically from being a Conservative seat for some years, to a Labour–Lib Dem marginal to the safest Labour seat in Wales today.
Members of Parliament
|1918||James Childs Gould||Conservative|
MPs since 1983
|1992||Jon Owen Jones||Labour|
|2005||Jenny Willott||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist||James Childs Gould*||8,542||41.1||N/A|
|Liberal||George Frederick Forsdike||4,172||20.1||N/A|
|Independent Unionist||Robert Hughes||3,419||16.4||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
- coupon issued but withdrawn.
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||James Childs Gould||13,885||50.0||+8.9|
|Liberal||Charles Fletcher Sanders||5,732||20.6||+0.5|
|Unionist||James Childs Gould||10,261||38.4||-11.6|
|Liberal||Ieuan Watkins Evans||7,923||29.6||+9.0|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+10.1|
Elections in the 1930s
|National Labour||Ernest Bennett||24,120||69.2||N/A|
|National Labour gain from Labour||Swing|
|National Labour||Ernest Bennett||16,954||51.5||-17.7|
|Liberal||William Glanville Brown||3,863||11.7||N/A|
|National Labour hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
General election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- National Labour: Ernest Bennett
- Labour: John Ramage
|Conservative||Charles Stuart Hallinan||11,982||35.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Peter Hopkin Morgan||5,121||15.2||+3.5|
|Labour gain from National Labour||Swing|
Elections 1983 to current
Elections in the 1980s
|Plaid Cymru||Andrew Morgan||704||1.8||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Labour||Jon Owen Jones||13,255||32.3||+8.1|
|Plaid Cymru||Siân Mair Caiach||535||1.3||−0.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||18,014||42.0||+9.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Randerson||9,170||21.4||−7.9|
|Plaid Cymru||Huw Marshall||748||1.7||+0.4|
|Green||Christopher Von Ruhland||330||0.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||Brian Francis||105||0.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.5|
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||18,464||43.7||+1.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Randerson||10,541||24.9||+3.5|
|Socialist Labour||Terence Burns||2,230||5.3||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Wayne Vernon||1,504||3.6||+1.9|
|Monster Raving Loony||Craig James||204||0.5||N/A|
|Natural Law||Anthony Hobbs||80||0.2||±0.0|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+7.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||13,451||38.6||−5.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Willott||12,792||36.7||+11.8|
|Plaid Cymru||Richard Rhys Grigg||1,680||4.8||+1.2|
|Socialist Alliance||Julian Goss||283||0.8||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Madeleine Jeremy||217||0.6||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||-8.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Willott||17,991||49.8||+13.1|
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||12,398||34.3||−4.3|
|Plaid Cymru||Richard Rhys Grigg||1,271||3.5||−1.3|
|New Millennium Bean Party||Captain Beany||159||0.4||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Catherine Taylor-Dawson||37||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+8.7|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Willott||14,976||41.4||−8.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Chris Williams||1,246||3.4||−0.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Mark Beech||142||0.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||−1.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Willott||10,481||27.1||−14.3|
|Green||Chris Von Ruhland||2,461||6.4||+4.8|
|Plaid Cymru||Martin Pollard||1,925||5.0||+1.6|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||+12.8|
Of the 117 rejected ballots:
- 81 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 32 voted for more than one candidate.
- 4 had writing or a mark by which the voter could be identified.
|Liberal Democrats||Eluned Parrott||5,415||13.4||-13.7|
|Plaid Cymru||Mark Hooper||999||2.5||-2.5|
Of the 80 rejected ballots:
- 59 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 19 voted for more than one candidate.
- 2 had writing or a mark by which the voter could be identified.
|Liberal Democrats||Bablin Molik||6,298||15.1||+1.7|
|Brexit Party||Gareth Pearce||1,006||2.4||N/A|
|Gwlad Gwlad||Siân Caiach||280||0.7||N/A|
|Socialist (GB)||Brian Johnson||88||0.2||N/A|
Of the 204 rejected ballots:
- 166 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 38 voted for more than one candidate.
- Cardiff Central (Senedd constituency)
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in South Glamorgan
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Wales
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
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