Cardiff Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°30′14″N 3°09′00″W / 51.504°N 3.150°W / 51.504; -3.150

Cardiff Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Cardiff Central in Wales.
Preserved county South Glamorgan
Electorate 64,225 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Jenny Willott (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members One
Created from Cardiff South
1918 (1918)1950 (1950)
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Cardiff South
Created from Cardiff
Overlaps
Welsh Assembly Cardiff Central, South Wales Central
European Parliament constituency Wales

Cardiff Central (Canol Caerdydd in Welsh) is a borough constituency in the city of Cardiff. It returns one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

Boundaries[edit]

As its name suggests, Cardiff Central covers the central area of the City of Cardiff. It extends from the area around the Millennium Stadium in the south to Llanishen Golf Course in the north, taking in the City Centre and the University. It is made up of the electoral wards of Adamsdown, Cathays, Cyncoed, Pentwyn, Penylan, and Plasnewydd.

History[edit]

A Conservative-held three-way marginal throughout the 1980s, in recent years this constituency has become a race between Labour and the Liberal Democrats. The Liberal Democrats won the equivalent Welsh Assembly seat in 1999 and 2003, and also dominate the wards which make up the seat in elections to Cardiff Council.

The constituency is socially diverse, with both very affluent and very deprived areas. It has a large student population which seems to have helped Labour to win in 1992 and 1997 but thereafter increasingly switched to the Liberal Democrats due to opposition to government plans for reforming student support.

The seat was unchanged in the Fifth Periodical Report of the Parliamentary Boundary Commission for Wales, which took effect at the 2010 general election.

Since the seat's re-creation in 1983, it has been held successively by each of the three main political parties; the Liberal Democrats gained it at the 2005 election after 13 years of Labour representation.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918–1950[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1918 James Childs Gould Conservative
1924 Lewis Lougher Conservative
1929 Ernest Bennett Labour
1931 National Labour
1945 George Thomas Labour
1950 constituency abolished

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1983 Ian Grist Conservative
1992 Jon Owen Jones Labour Co-operative
2005 Jenny Willott Liberal Democrat

Election[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Cardiff Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Plaid Cymru Glenn Page
Labour Jo Stevens
Liberal Democrat Jenny Willott


General Election 2010: Cardiff Central[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Jenny Willott 14,976 41.4 −8.4
Labour Jenny Rathbone 10,400 28.8 −5.5
Conservative Karen Robson 7,799 21.6 +12.3
Plaid Cymru Chris Williams 1,246 3.4 -0.1
UKIP Sue Davies 765 2.1 +1.1
Green Sam Coates 575 1.6 +1.6
TUSC Ross Saunders 162 0.4 +0.4
Monster Raving Loony Mark Beech (A.K.A.- 'The Good Knight Sir NosDa') 142 0.4 +0.4
Independent Alun Mathias 86 0.2 +0.2
Majority 4,576 12.7
Turnout 36,151 59.1 +0.0
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −1.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Cardiff Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Jenny Willott 17,991 49.8 +13.1
Labour Co-op Jon Owen Jones 12,398 34.3 −4.3
Conservative Gotz Mohindra 3,339 9.2 −6.7
Plaid Cymru Richard Rhys Grigg 1,271 3.5 −1.3
Respect Raja Gul-Raiz 386 1.1 N/A
UKIP Frank Hughes 383 1.1 +0.5
Independent Anne Savoury 168 0.5 N/A
New Millennium Bean Party Captain Beany 159 0.4 N/A
Rainbow Dream Ticket Catherine Taylor-Dawson 37 0.1 N/A
Majority 5,593 15.5
Turnout 36,132 59.2 +0.9
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Co-op Swing 8.7
General Election 2001: Cardiff Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Jon Owen Jones 13,451 38.6 -5.1
Liberal Democrat Jenny Willott 12,792 36.7 +11.8
Conservative Gregory Walker 5,537 15.9 −4.2
Plaid Cymru Richard Rhys Grigg 1,680 4.8 +1.3
Green Stephen Bartley 661 1.9 N/A
Socialist Alliance Julian Goss 283 0.8 N/A
UKIP Frank Hughes 221 0.6 N/A
ProLife Alliance Madeleine Jeremy 217 0.6 N/A
Majority 659 1.9
Turnout 34,842 58.3 −11.7
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Cardiff Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Jon Owen Jones 18,464 43.7 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Jenny Randerson 10,541 24.9 +3.6
Conservative David Melding 8,470 20.0 −13.9
Socialist Labour Terence Burns 2,230 5.3 N/A
Plaid Cymru Wayne Vernon 1,504 3.6 +1.8
Referendum Party Nick Lloyd 760 1.8 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Craig James 204 0.5 N/A
Natural Law Anthony Hobbs 80 0.2 N/A
Majority 7,923 18.8
Turnout 42,253 70.0
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1992: Cardiff Central[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Jon Owen Jones 18,014 42.0 +9.7
Conservative Ian Grist 14,549 33.9 −3.2
Liberal Democrat Jenny Randerson 9,170 21.4 −8.0
Plaid Cymru Huw Marshall 748 1.7 +0.4
Green Christopher J. Von Ruhland 330 0.8 N/A
Natural Law Brian M. Francis 105 0.2 N/A
Majority 3,465 8.1 +3.2
Turnout 42,916 74.3 −3.3
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing +6.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Cardiff Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ian Grist 15,241 37.1 −4.3
Labour Jon Owen Jones 13,255 32.3 +8.1
Liberal Mike German 12,062 29.3 −3.3
Plaid Cymru Siân Caiach 535 1.3 −0.5
Majority 1,986 4.8 −4.0
Turnout 41,093 77.6 +5.5
Conservative hold Swing −6.2
General Election 1983: Cardiff Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ian Grist 16,090 41.4 N/A
Liberal Mike German 12,638 32.6 N/A
Labour R. T. Davies 9,387 24.2 N/A
Plaid Cymru A. P. Morgan 704 1.8 N/A
Majority 3,452 8.8 N/A
Turnout 38,819 72.1 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 46,505

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas George Thomas 16,506 49.11
Conservative Charles Stuart Hallinan 11,982 35.65
Liberal Peter Hopkin Morgan 5,121 15.24
Majority 4,524 13.46
Turnout 72.27
Labour gain from National Labour Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; National Labour: Sir Ernest Nathaniel Bennett Labour: John Ramage

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935

Electorate 47,912

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Labour Sir Ernest Nathaniel Bennett 16,954 51.51
Labour John Dugdale 12,094 36.75
Liberal William Glanville Brown 3,863 11.74
Majority 4,860 14.77
Turnout 68.69
National Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931

Electorate 48,065

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Labour Sir Ernest Nathaniel Bennett 24,120 69.16
Labour E Archbold 10,758 30.84
Majority 13,362 38.31
Turnout 72.56
National Labour gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 47,282

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Nathaniel Bennett 14,469 39.1
Unionist Sir Lewis Lougher 12,903 34.9
Liberal Barnett Janner 9,623 26.0
Majority 1,566 4.2
Turnout 78.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 38,026

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lewis Lougher 14,537 49.7
Labour David Graham Pole 9,864 33.8
Liberal Aneurin John Glyn Edwards 4,805 16.5
Majority 4,673 15.9
Turnout 76.8
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 37,444

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist James Childs Gould 10,261 38.4 -11.6
Labour James Edward Edmunds 8,563 32.0 +2.6
Liberal Ieuan Watkins Evans 7,923 29.6 +9.0
Majority 1,698 6.4 -14.2
Turnout 71.4 -3.0
Unionist hold Swing -7.1
General Election 1922

Electorate 37,326

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist James Childs Gould 13,885 50.0
Labour James Edward Edmunds 8,169 29.4
Liberal C. F. Sanders 5,732 20.6
Majority 5,716 20.6
Turnout 74.4
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 36,557

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 8,542 41.1
Labour James Edward Edmunds 4,663 22.4
Liberal George Frederick Forsdyke 4,172 20.1
Independent Unionist Robert Hughes 3,419 16.4
Majority 3,879 18.7
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
  • coupon issued but withdrawn.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Cardiff Central Cardiff County Council - candidates Cardiff Central
  4. ^ Cardiff Central BBC Election - Cardiff Central
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

External links[edit]