Cardiff South and Penarth (UK Parliament constituency)
|Cardiff South and Penarth|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Cardiff South and Penarth in Wales.
|Preserved county||South Glamorgan|
|Population||107,455 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,175 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Stephen Doughty (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Cardiff South East & parts of Barry and Monmouth|
|Welsh Assembly||South Wales Central|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
Cardiff South and Penarth (Welsh: De Caerdydd a Phenarth) is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is the largest parliamentary constituency in Wales, with an electorate of 75,175, and also one of the most ethnically diverse. It has been consistently held by the Labour Party since its creation.
Cardiff South and Penarth has only had three MPs since it was first created. The first, elected in the 1983 general election, was the former Labour Prime Minister James Callaghan, who secured the seat with only a 2,316 vote majority over Conservative candidate David Tredinnick. Callaghan had previously represented the constituency of Cardiff South East prior to its merger with Penarth in 1983. (Prior to 1983 Penarth had been part of the Barry constituency.) Callaghan had first entered Parliament as MP for the old Cardiff South constituency in the 1945 general election.
The second MP was Alun Michael (Labour and Co-operative Party) who served 25 years in Parliament before announcing his resignation from the House of Commons on 22 October 2012. Michael's affiliation with the Co-operative Party did not appear on ballot papers in the 2010 election because the Electoral Commission ruled that any joint candidates who wanted the names of both their parties included on the ballot paper could not also display the Labour red rose logo. Michael opted to drop the reference to the Co-operative Party but after the election denounced the ruling as "an outrageous piece of incompetence by the Electoral Commission".
Alun Michael was originally elected following James Callaghan's retirement at the 1987 general election' and became Secretary of State for Wales in 1998 - a post he held for only 9 months. Michael held the seat at the 2010 election with a majority of 4,709 following a 6% swing to the Conservatives.
In 2012 Alun Michael was selected by the Labour and Co-operative Parties as their candidate for the election of a Police and Crime Commissioner for the South Wales Police force area and announced he would be standing down from Parliament. He accepted office as Crown Steward and Bailiff of the Chiltern Hundreds on 22 October 2012, thus vacating his seat. Police and Crime Commissioner nominations closed on 19 October 2012 at which point Michael's PCC candidature became official. A writ for a parliamentary by-election in Cardiff South and Penarth was moved on 23 October 2012 for a by-election to be held on 15 November 2012.
Cardiff South and Penarth was viewed as one of the safest Labour seats in Britain but ever since 1997 Alun Michael had seen his majority being progressively eroded. The 2010 general election had continued this trend, with the BBC reporting Labour's vote(17,262) declining by 7.7%, Conservative support (12,553 votes) rising by +4.4%, and Liberal Democrat votes (9,875) rising by +2.4%.
However, in by-election held on 15 November 2012, Labour's decline was reversed - although on a basis of very low turn-out (down 38.2% on the 2010 General Election). Labour's Stephen Doughty succeeded Alun Michael with 9,193 votes, comprising 47.3% of the overall vote. This was an increase (in share-of-the-vote terms) of 8.4% on Michael's 2010 performance. However, in terms of actual votes cast (9,193 compared with 17,262 in 2010), it was Labour's lowest-ever vote in this constituency. Doughty thus became the third MP in the constituency's history.
In the 2012 by-election Conservatives saw their support slide by the identical percentage by which Labour's rose (8.4%) and achieved only 19.9% of the vote (3,859 votes). The Liberal Democrats' support declined by even more than that of their UK Coalition partners (down 11.5%). Plaid Cymru's share of the vote rose to 9.5% (garnering 1,854 votes, up 5.4%). Also performing well in percentage terms were the UKIP with their support rising by 3.1% (to 6.1% of the total). Greens also increased their share of the vote to 4.1% (a rise of 2.9%). Veteran Communist campaigner Robert Griffiths saw his support rise slightly to a 1.1% share of the vote.
1983-2010: The City of Cardiff wards of Butetown, Grangetown, Llanrumney, Rumney, Splott, and Trowbridge, and the Borough of Vale of Glamorgan wards of Alexandra, Cornerswell, Llandough, and Stanwell.
2010–present: The Cardiff electoral divisions of Butetown, Grangetown, Llanrumney, Rumney, Splott, and Trowbridge, and the Vale of Glamorgan County Borough electoral divisions of Cornerswell, Llandough, Plymouth, St Augustine's, Stanwell, and Sully.
Member of Parliament
|2012 by-election||Stephen Doughty||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Doughty||19,966||42.8||+3.9|
|UKIP||John Rees-Evans ||6,423||13.8||+11.2|
|Plaid Cymru||Ben Foday ||3,443||7.4||+3.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Howells||2,318||5.0||−17.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.7|
Note all comparisons of 2015 figures are with previous general election in 2010.
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Doughty||9,193||47.3||+8.4|
|Conservative||Alun Craig Williams||3,859||19.9||−8.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Bablin Molik||2,103||10.8||−11.5|
|Plaid Cymru||Luke Nicholas||1,854||9.5||+5.3|
|Socialist Labour||Andrew Jordan||235||1.2||N/A|
|Communist||Robert David Griffiths||213||1.1||+0.7|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+8.4|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||17,262||38.9||−7.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Dominic Hannigan||9,875||22.3||+2.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Farida Aslam||1,851||4.2||−1.1|
|Communist||Robert David Griffiths||196||0.4||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−6.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||17,447||47.3||−8.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Gavin Cox||7,529||20.4||+7.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Jason Toby||2,023||5.5||0.0|
|Socialist Alternative||David Bartlett||269||0.7||+0.7|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Catherine Taylor-Dawson||79||0.2||+0.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||4.7|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||20,094||56.2||+2.8|
|Conservative||Mrs. Maureen Kelly Owen||7,807||21.8||+1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Rodney Berman||4,572||12.8||+3.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Mrs. Lila Eilis Maire Haines||1,983||5.5||+2.4|
|UKIP||Justin Patrick Callan||501||1.4||N/A|
|Socialist Alliance||David Charles Bartlett||427||1.2||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Miss Anne Savoury||367||1.0||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||22,647||53.4||−2.2|
|Conservative||Mrs. Caroline E. Roberts||8,786||20.7||−12.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon J. Wakefield||3,964||9.3||+1.5|
|New Labour||John Foreman||3,942||9.3||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||David B.L. Haswell||1,356||3.2||+1.6|
|Referendum||Phillip S.E. Morgan||1,211||2.9||N/A|
|Socialist Alternative||Mike K. Shepherd||344||0.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||Mrs. Barbara Caves||170||0.4||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||26,383||55.5||+8.8|
|Conservative||Thomas Hunter Jarvie||15,958||33.6||−2.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Prabhat Kumar Verma||3,707||7.8||−7.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Miss Barbara Ann Anglezarke||776||1.6||+0.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+5.9|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||20,956||46.7||+5.4|
|Conservative||Gareth John Jarvis Neale||16,382||36.5||+0.6|
|Liberal||Jennifer Elizabeth Randerson||6,900||15.4||−5.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Miss Sian Anghared Edwards ||599||1.3||−0.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|Labour||Leonard James Callaghan||17,488||41.3||N/A|
|Conservative||David Arthur Stephen Tredinnick||15,172||35.9||N/A|
|Liberal||George Winston Roddick||8,816||20.8||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Miss Sian Anghared Edwards||673||1.6||N/A|
|Freedom from World Domination||Benjamin Thomas Lewis||165||0.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
- Cardiff South and Penarth (Assembly constituency)
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in South Glamorgan
Notes and references
- "Cardiff South and Penarth: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Cardiff South and Penarth', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Election 2015 - Cardiff South & Penarth". BBC. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- David Ottewell, "Labour candidates barred from using red rose emblem", Manchester Evening News, 21 April 2010.
- Penarth Times, 27 May 2010.
- A notional calculation using estimated 2005 results for the boundary-changed constituency. "Cardiff South and Penarth". BBC News online. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Date set for three parliamentary by-elections". BBC News. 23 October 2012.
- "Cardiff South and Penarth 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Cardiff South and Penarth result". Election results for Cardiff South and Penarth. City of Cardiff Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Labour MP Stephen Doughty Is Nominated To Stand Again In 2015 General Election", Penarth Daily News (blog), 15 July 2013.
- "UKIP Takes Its 2015 Parliamentary Election Challenge Onto The Streets Of Penarth", Penarth Daily News (blog), 25 November 2014.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Cardiff South and Penarth Cardiff County Council - candidates Cardiff South and Penarth
- BBC Election Results BBC News - Election Results - Cardiff South and Penarth
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Results: Cardiff South & Penarth". BBC NEWS: Election 2005. BBC News. 2005-05-06. Retrieved 2006-05-25.
- "News Release - South Glamorgan" (PDF). Boundary Commission for Wales. 2004-11-10. Retrieved 2006-05-25.
- "Aristotle: Cardiff South and Penarth". London: Guardian Unlimited. 2004-05-08. Archived from the original on March 24, 2007. Retrieved 2006-05-25.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Cardiff South and Penarth — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Constituency represented by the Father of the House