Cardiff South and Penarth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°28′08″N 3°07′37″W / 51.469°N 3.127°W / 51.469; -3.127

Cardiff South and Penarth
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Cardiff South and Penarth in Wales.
Preserved county South Glamorgan
Population 107,455 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 75,175 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Stephen Doughty (Labour Co-operative)
Number of members One
Created from Cardiff South East & parts of Barry and Monmouth[3]
Overlaps
Welsh Assembly South Wales Central
European Parliament constituency Wales

Cardiff South and Penarth (Welsh: De Caerdydd a Phenarth) is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.[n 1] It is the largest such entity in Wales, with an electorate of 75,175 and one of the most ethnically diverse.[4] It has been won by the Labour Party candidate since its creation in 1983.

History[edit]

Creation[edit]

Prior to 1983 Penarth had been part of the disbanded Barry constituency. Most of the electorate of Cardiff South and Penarth had previously fallen into the abolished seat of Cardiff South East.

Political History[edit]

Cardiff South and Penarth has had three MPs since it was created. The first, elected in the 1983 general election, was the former Labour Prime Minister James Callaghan, who secured the seat with a 5.5% majority over Conservative David Tredinnick. Callaghan had immediately before Parliament was dissolved represented Cardiff South East. Callaghan first became an MP in the 1945 general election, for Cardiff South.

The second MP was Alun Michael (Labour and Co-operative Party) who served 25 years from 1987 before choosing to stand down in 2012. Michael's affiliation with the Co-operative Party did not appear on ballot papers in the 2010 election because the Electoral Commission ruled that any joint candidates who wanted the names of both their parties included on the ballot paper could not also display the Labour red rose logo.[5] Michael opted to drop the reference to the Co-operative Party but after the election denounced the ruling as "an outrageous piece of incompetence by the Electoral Commission".[6] Michael briefly became Secretary of State for Wales in 1998. Michael held the seat at the 2010 election with a majority of 10.6% following a 6% swing to the Conservative candidate.[7]

In 2012 Michael was selected by the Labour and Co-operative Parties as their candidate for the election of a Police and Crime Commissioner for the South Wales Police force area and announced he would be standing down from Parliament.[8][9]

In by-election held on 15 November 2012, Labour's decline was reversed coupled with very low turnout (down 38.2% on the previous election). Labour's Stephen Doughty succeeded Alun Michael winning 47.3% of the overall vote. This was an increase (in share-of-the-vote terms) on Michael's 2010 performance. However, in terms of actual votes cast (9,193 compared with 17,262 in 2010), it was Labour's lowest in this constituency. The 2015 result gave the seat the 83rd-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[10]

Other parties

Five parties' candidates achieved more than deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015. The second-placed candidate has been a Conservative since the seat was incepted. The closest result was in 1983 when Callaghan won by 5.5% of the vote.

Turnout

Turnout at general elections has ranged between 77.2% in 1992 and 56.2% in 2005.

Boundaries[edit]

1983-2010: The City of Cardiff wards of Butetown, Grangetown, Llanrumney, Rumney, Splott, and Trowbridge, and the Borough of Vale of Glamorgan wards of Alexandra, Cornerswell, Llandough, and Stanwell.

2010–present: The Cardiff electoral divisions of Butetown, Grangetown, Llanrumney, Rumney, Splott, and Trowbridge, and the Vale of Glamorgan County Borough electoral divisions of Cornerswell, Llandough, Plymouth, St Augustine's, Stanwell, and Sully.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[11][12] Party
1983 James Callaghan Labour
1987 Alun Michael Labour
2012 by-election Stephen Doughty Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Cardiff South and Penarth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UKIP Andrew Bevan
Labour Co-op Stephen Doughty
Pirate Jebediah Hedges N/A
Conservative Bill Rees[13]
Liberal Democrat Emma Sands
Green Anthony Slaughter[14]
Plaid Cymru Ian Titherington[15]
Majority
Turnout
[[|N/A]] gain from [[|N/A]] Swing
General Election 2015: Cardiff South and Penarth[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Stephen Doughty[18] 19,966 42.8 +3.9
Conservative Emma Warman 12,513 26.8 −1.5
UKIP John Rees-Evans[19] 6,423 13.8 +11.2
Plaid Cymru Ben Foday[20] 3,443 7.4 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Nigel Howells 2,318 5.0 −17.3
Green Anthony Slaughter 1,746 3.7 +2.5
TUSC Ross Saunders 258 0.6 N/A
Majority 7,453 16.0 −11.4
Turnout 46,667 61.4 +1.2
Labour Co-op hold Swing +2.7

Note all comparisons of 2015 figures are with previous general election in 2010.

Cardiff South and Penarth by-election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Stephen Doughty 9,193 47.3 +8.4
Conservative Craig Williams 3,859 19.9 −8.4
Liberal Democrat Bablin Molik 2,103 10.8 −11.5
Plaid Cymru Luke Nicholas 1,854 9.5 +5.3
UKIP Simon Zeigler 1,179 6.1 +3.5
Green Anthony Slaughter 800 4.1 +2.9
Socialist Labour Andrew Jordan 235 1.2 N/A
Communist Robert Griffiths 213 1.1 +0.7
Majority 5,334 27.4
Turnout 19,436 25.7 −38.2
Labour Co-op hold Swing +8.4
General Election 2010: Cardiff South and Penarth[21][22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Alun Michael 17,262 38.9 −7.7
Conservative Simon Hoare 12,553 28.3 +4.4
Liberal Democrat Dominic Hannigan 9,875 22.3 +2.4
Plaid Cymru Farida Aslam 1,851 4.2 −1.1
UKIP Simon Zeigler 1,145 2.6 +1.2
Independent George Burke 648 1.5 N/A
Green Matthew Townsend 554 1.2 −0.6
Christian Clive Bate 285 0.6 N/A
Communist Robert Griffiths 196 0.4 N/A
Majority 4,709 10.6
Turnout 44,369 60.2 +2.0
Labour Co-op hold Swing −6.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Cardiff South and Penarth[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Alun Michael 17,447 47.3 −8.9
Conservative Victoria Green 8,210 22.2 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Gavin Cox 7,529 20.4 +7.6
Plaid Cymru Jason Toby 2,023 5.5 0.0
Green John Matthews 729 2.0 +2.0
UKIP Jennie Tuttle 522 1.4 0.0
Socialist Alternative David Bartlett 269 0.7 +0.7
Independent Andrew Taylor 104 0.3 +0.3
Rainbow Dream Ticket Catherine Taylor-Dawson 79 0.2 +0.2
Majority 9,237 25.0
Turnout 36,912 56.2 −0.9
Labour Co-op hold Swing 4.7
General Election 2001: Cardiff South and Penarth[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Alun Michael 20,094 56.2 +2.8
Conservative Maureen Owen 7,807 21.8 +1.1
Liberal Democrat Rodney Berman 4,572 12.8 +3.4
Plaid Cymru Lila Haines 1,983 5.5 +2.4
UKIP Justin Callan 501 1.4 N/A
Socialist Alliance David Bartlett 427 1.2 N/A
ProLife Alliance Anne Savoury 367 1.0 N/A
Majority 12,287 34.4
Turnout 35,751 57.1 −11.2
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Cardiff South and Penarth[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Alun Michael 22,647 53.4 −2.2
Conservative Caroline E. Roberts 8,786 20.7 −12.9
Liberal Democrat Simon J. Wakefield 3,964 9.3 +1.5
New Labour John Foreman 3,942 9.3 N/A
Plaid Cymru David B.L. Haswell 1,356 3.2 +1.6
Referendum Phillip S.E. Morgan 1,211 2.9 N/A
Socialist Alternative Mike K. Shepherd 344 0.8 N/A
Natural Law Barbara Caves 170 0.4 N/A
Majority 13,861 32.7
Turnout 42,420 68.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1992: Cardiff South and Penarth[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Alun Michael 26,383 55.5 +8.8
Conservative Thomas Jarvie 15,958 33.6 −2.9
Liberal Democrat Prabhat Verma 3,707 7.8 −7.6
Plaid Cymru Barbara Anglezarke 776 1.6 +0.3
Green Lester Davey 676 1.4 N/A
Majority 10,425 21.9 +11.7
Turnout 47,500 77.2 +0.9
Labour Co-op hold Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Cardiff South and Penarth[29][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Alun Michael 20,956 46.7 +5.4
Conservative Gareth Neale[31] 16,382 36.5 +0.6
Liberal Jenny Randerson 6,900 15.4 −5.4
Plaid Cymru Sian Edwards[32] 599 1.3 −0.3
Majority 4,574 10.2
Turnout 44,837 76.4
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1983: Cardiff South and Penarth[33][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Callaghan 17,488 41.3 N/A
Conservative David Tredinnick 15,172 35.9 N/A
Liberal Winston Roddick 8,816 20.8 N/A
Plaid Cymru Sian Anghared Edwards 673 1.6 N/A
Freedom from World Domination Benjamin Thomas Lewis 165 0.4 N/A
Majority 2,316 5.5 N/A
Turnout 42,314 71.1 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

References, notes and sources[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Cardiff South and Penarth: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "'Cardiff South and Penarth', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Election 2015 - Cardiff South & Penarth". BBC. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  5. ^ David Ottewell, "Labour candidates barred from using red rose emblem", Manchester Evening News, 21 April 2010.
  6. ^ Penarth Times, 27 May 2010.
  7. ^ A notional calculation using estimated 2005 results for the boundary-changed constituency. "Cardiff South and Penarth". BBC News online. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  8. ^ http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/welsh-politics/welsh-politics-news/2012/10/21/alun-michael-stands-down-as-cardiff-south-and-penarth-mp-today-91466-32077258/
  9. ^ "Date set for three parliamentary by-elections". BBC News. 23 October 2012. 
  10. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  11. ^ "Cardiff South and Penarth 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  12. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ [3]
  16. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Cardiff South and Penarth result". Election results for Cardiff South and Penarth. City of Cardiff Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  18. ^ "Labour MP Stephen Doughty Is Nominated To Stand Again In 2015 General Election", Penarth Daily News (blog), 15 July 2013.
  19. ^ "UKIP Takes Its 2015 Parliamentary Election Challenge Onto The Streets Of Penarth", Penarth Daily News (blog), 25 November 2014.
  20. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/cardiff-south-penarth-2015.html
  21. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  22. ^ Cardiff South and Penarth Archived June 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Cardiff County Council - candidates Cardiff South and Penarth
  23. ^ BBC Election Results BBC News - Election Results - Cardiff South and Penarth
  24. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  27. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  28. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  29. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  30. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  31. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/228607/0426.pdf
  32. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/228607/0426.pdf
  33. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  34. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency in terms of election expenses and type of returning officer
Sources

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Dagenham
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
1983–1987
Succeeded by
Castle Point