Cardinham

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Cardinham
Cardinham Church - geograph.org.uk - 364021.jpg
Cardinham Church
Cardinham is located in Cornwall
Cardinham
Cardinham
Location within Cornwall
Population623 (Civil Parish, 2011)
OS grid referenceSX122687
Civil parish
  • Cardinham
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBODMIN
Postcode districtPL30
Dialling code01208
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°29′20″N 4°38′53″W / 50.489°N 4.648°W / 50.489; -4.648Coordinates: 50°29′20″N 4°38′53″W / 50.489°N 4.648°W / 50.489; -4.648

Cardinham (Cornish: Kardhinan) (the spelling 'Cardynham' is almost obsolete) is a civil parish and a village in mid Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated approximately three-and-a-half miles (6 km), east-northeast of Bodmin.[1] The hamlets of Fletchersbridge, Millpool, Milltown, Mount, Old Cardinham Castle and Welltown are in the parish.[2]

Large areas which were once deciduous woodland are now plantations of conifers known as Cardinham Woods and managed by the Forestry Commission. Edmund John Glynn, of Glynn House in the parish, rebuilt the house at Glynn in 1805 (it has a front of nine bays and a portico).[3]

Early history[edit]

Richard Fitz Turold (Thorold) was an Anglo-Norman landowner of the eleventh century, mentioned in the Domesday Survey. He had a castle at Cardinham,[4] where he was a major tenant and steward of Robert of Mortain. The holding included the manor of Penhallam.[5] His son was William Fitz Richard of Cardinham. Restormel Castle belonged to the Cardinhams in the 12th century, until Andrew de Cardinham's daughter married Thomas de Tracey. Cardinham Castle remained in the family (succeeded by the Dinhams) until the 14th century and later became a ruin.[6] The manor of Cardinham is one of the few where the custom of Free Bench is recorded: by this a widow could retain tenure of the land until she remarried.

The Tenant-in-chief of the manor of Glynn as recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) was Robert, Count of Mortain; when it was one of several manors held by Osferth of Okehampton, County Devon, who had also held it before 1066 and paid tax for 1 virgate of land. There was land for 2 ploughs. There were 1 plough, 1 serf, 2 villeins, 6 smallholders, 100 acres of woodland, 40 acres of pasture, 4 unbroken mares, 2 cows, 24 sheep and 7 goats. The value of the manor was 10 shillings though it has formerly been worth £2 sterling.[7]

Climate[edit]

The highest temperature recorded since 1990 is 28.1°C on 20 June 2017 and 9 July 2018 and the lowest is -8.2°C on 7 February 1991.

Climate data for Cardinham 200m amsl (1981–2010) (extremes 1990–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
12.8
(55.0)
16.0
(60.8)
22.0
(71.6)
23.1
(73.6)
28.1
(82.6)
28.1
(82.6)
25.6
(78.1)
22.2
(72.0)
23.4
(74.1)
15.0
(59.0)
14.1
(57.4)
28.1
(82.6)
Average high °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
8.0
(46.4)
9.8
(49.6)
11.8
(53.2)
15.0
(59.0)
17.3
(63.1)
19.1
(66.4)
19.1
(66.4)
17.1
(62.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.6
(51.1)
8.4
(47.1)
13.2
(55.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
2.6
(36.7)
4.0
(39.2)
4.7
(40.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.8
(49.6)
12.2
(54.0)
12.0
(53.6)
10.5
(50.9)
8.3
(46.9)
5.5
(41.9)
3.6
(38.5)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
−6.1
(21.0)
0.6
(33.1)
2.7
(36.9)
7.1
(44.8)
9.0
(48.2)
7.9
(46.2)
5.4
(41.7)
0.1
(32.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 148.0
(5.83)
110.2
(4.34)
104.0
(4.09)
89.8
(3.54)
87.0
(3.43)
81.2
(3.20)
96.9
(3.81)
96.0
(3.78)
100.1
(3.94)
155.8
(6.13)
161.1
(6.34)
155.1
(6.11)
1,385.2
(54.54)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 17.7 13.5 15.1 13.1 11.7 10.9 12.6 13.2 12.7 17.4 17.9 17.1 172.9
Source #1: Met Office[8]
Source #2: en.tutiempo[9]

Parish church[edit]

St Meubred's church (note the cross on the right)
One of the crosses in the churchyard
Treslea Cross
Cardinham Methodist Church

The parish church is dedicated to St Meubred: it has north and south aisles and a tower of granite. The chancel suffered bomb damage in World War II. In the church is the brass of Thomas Awmarle, rector of Cardinham, d. 1401?[10]

Two freestanding Celtic crosses of stone, bearing inscriptions in Latin have been found in Cardinham; both had been embedded in the walls of the fifteenth-century church and were moved after their discovery to the churchyard. One has been dated to the fifth to eighth centuries, the other to the tenth or eleventh centuries:[11] Arthur Langdon (1896) also records five other stone crosses in the parish.[12] Andrew Langdon (1996) records two crosses in the churchyard, Higher Deviock Cross, Pinsla Cross at Glynn, Poundstock Cross, Treslea or Wydeyeat Cross and Treslea Down Cross.[13]

China clay[edit]

The former quarry of the Glynn Valley China Clay Works has closed down and is now flooded. It was in operation from the 1940s but since 2015 the site has been used for camping.[14]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  2. ^ Cornwall; Explore Britain
  3. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books
  4. ^ Flying Past - The Historic Environment of Cornwall: The First Farms
  5. ^ Pastscape - Detailed Result: PENHALLAM MANOR
  6. ^ Cornish Church Cuide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 71-72
  7. ^ Thorn, C. et al., ed. (1979) Cornwall, Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,13,5
  8. ^ "Cardinham Climate Period: 1981–2010". Met Office. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  9. ^ https://en.tutiempo.net/climate/ws-38230.html
  10. ^ Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode
  11. ^ see the discussion and bibliography in Elisabeth Okasha, Corpus of Early Christian Inscribed Stones of South-west Britain. Leicester: University Press, 1993; pp. 85-90.
  12. ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard
  13. ^ Langdon, A. G. (2005) Stone Crosses in East Cornwall; 2nd ed. Federation of Old Cornwall Societies; pp. 28-33
  14. ^ Evans, Dixe (2016-07-02) "Ship me to the Cornish moors"; The Guardian, p. 5
  • Soulsby, Ian N. (1976) Richard Fitz Turold, Lord of Penhallam, Cornwall, in: Medieval Archaeology; vol. 20 (1976) pp. 146–48, online PDF
  • Davis, Philip. "Cardinham Castle". Archived from the original on 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2009-05-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

Further reading[edit]

  • Maclean, John (1872–79) The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor. 3 vols. London: Nichols & Son

External links[edit]

Media related to Cardinham at Wikimedia Commons