Cardiosporidium

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Cardiosporidium
Scientific classification
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Genus:
Cardiosporidium
Species

Cardiosporidium cionae

Cardiosporidium is a genus of parasitic alveolates in the phylum Apicomplexa. It infects the ascidian Ciona intestinalis.

History[edit]

This genus was first described by Van Gaver and Stephan in 1907. It was redescribed by Ciancio et al in 2008.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

There is one known species in this genus: Cardiosporidium cionae. It appears to be related to the genera Babesia, Cytauxzoon and Theileria.

Description[edit]

The parasite infects the pericardial body of the host. Like other members of this phylum it possesses apicoplasts, rhoptries and subpellicular microtubules.

It is found in the Gulf of Naples and is most common in the months October to November.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ciancio A, Scippa S, Finetti-Sialer M, De Candia A, Avallone B, De Vincentiis M (2008). "Redescription of Cardiosporidium cionae (Van Gaver and Stephan, 1907) (Apicomplexa: Piroplasmida), a plasmodial parasite of ascidian haemocytes". Eur. J. Protistol. 44 (3): 181–196. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2007.11.005. PMID 18304788.