Carditis

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Carditis is the inflammation of the heart[1] or its surroundings.

It is usually studied and treated by specifying it as:

  • Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium
  • Myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart muscle
  • Endocarditis is the inflammation of the endocardium
  • Pancarditis is the inflammation of the entire heart: the epicardium, the myocardium and the endocardium
  • Reflux carditis refers to a possible outcome of esophageal reflux (also known as GERD), and involves inflammation of the esophagus/stomach mucosa

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