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Heart anterior exterior view.jpg
SpecialtyCardiology Immunology
Causesbacteria virus

Carditis (pl. carditides) is the inflammation of the heart.[1]

It is usually studied and treated by specifying it as:[citation needed]

  • Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium
  • Myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart muscle
  • Endocarditis is the inflammation of the endocardium
  • Pancarditis, also called perimyoendocarditis, is the inflammation of the entire heart: the pericardium, the myocardium and the endocardium
  • Reflux carditis refers to a possible outcome of esophageal reflux[citation needed] (also known as GERD), and involves inflammation of the esophagus/stomach mucosa


  1. ^ Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. Dorland, W. A. Newman (32nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier. 2011. ISBN 9781416062578. OCLC 706780870.CS1 maint: others (link)