Cardston (provincial electoral district)
Cardston was a provincial electoral district in southern Alberta, Canada. The riding was created in when Alberta first became a province in 1905.
The riding has always occupied the most southern portion of the province along the Canada / United States border. In 1993 the borders of the riding of Pincher Creek-Crowsnest shifted south into Cardston, and the riding was renamed Cardston-Chief Mountain.
The riding was named after the town of Cardston and this region is considered one of the most conservative in the province.
- 1 Boundary history
- 2 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)
- 3 Election results
- 4 Plebiscite results
- 5 References
- 6 External links
|(2) Cardston 1905 Boundaries|
|Lethbridge||Medicine Hat||Macleod, Pincher Creek||None|
|riding map goes here||map in relation to other districts in Alberta goes here|
|Legal description from An Act to establish and provide for the Government of the Province of Alberta 1905.|
|The electoral division of Cardston, bounded as follows:– Commencing at the southern boundary of the said province of Alberta where it is intersected by the meridian between the 10th and 11th ranges, west of the 4th meridian; thence northerly along the said meridian between the 10th and 11th ranges to the north boundary of the 5th township; thence westerly along the north boundary of the 5th township to the St. Mary river; thence along the St. Mary river up stream to the south boundary of the Blood Indian Reserve; thence westerly along the said south boundary of the Blood Indian Reserve to the meridian between the 27th and 28th ranges west of the 4th meridian; thence southerly along the said meridian between the 27th and 28th ranges to the north boundary of the 2nd township; thence westerly along the north boundary of the 2nd townships to the meridian between the 29th and 30th ranges west of the 4th meridian; thence southerly along the said meridian between the 29th and 30th ranges to the southern shore of the Waterton Lakes; thence in a westerly and southerly direction and following the southerly and eastern shores of the said Waterton Lakes; thence in a westerly and southerly direction and following the southerly and eastern shores of the said Waterton Lakes to the southern boundary of the said province of Alberta; thence easterly along the said southern boundary of the province of Alberta to the point of commencement.|
|Note: Original electoral boundaries|
Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)
|John William Woolf||Liberal||1905||1912|
|George Stringam||United Farmers||1921||1935|
|Nathan Eldon Tanner||Social Credit||1935||1952|
|Edgar Hinman||Social Credit||1952||1967|
|Alvin Bullock||Social Credit||1952||1967|
|Edgar Hinman||Social Credit||1971||1975|
|John Thompson||Progressive Conservative||1975||1986|
|Jack Ady||Progressive Conservative||1986||1993|
1905 general election
|1905 Alberta general election|
|Liberal||John William Woolf||480|
|Progressive Conservative||John Parrish||210|
Cardston electoral district was created in 1905 when Alberta became a province. The electoral district replaced the previous Cardston territorial electoral district represented in the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories from 1902 to 1905.
The 1905 election was between Liberal candidate John William Woolf and Conservative candidate John Parrish. Woolf was well known rancher and politician in the area. He had served as the district representative in the Northwest Territories Legislature from 1902 to 1905. Woolf also served briefly on the local government as a municipal councilor in the town of Cardston. Woolf won the district on election day easily defeating Parish with a landslide taking nearly 70% of the popular vote.
1909 general election
1967 - 1989
|1967 Alberta general election|
|Social Credit||Alvin Bullock||2,120|
|Progressive Conservative||Larry Lang||1,692|
|New Democratic||Leslie Howard||104|
|1971 Alberta general election|
|Social Credit||Edgar Hinman||2,831|
|Progressive Conservative||Larry Lang||2,392|
|1975 Alberta general election|
|Progressive Conservative||John Thompson||2,899|
|Social Credit||Roy Spackman||1,826|
|New Democratic||Kelty Paul||115|
|1979 Alberta general election|
|Progressive Conservative||John Thompson||2,832|
|Social Credit||Broyce Jacobs||2,196|
|New Democratic||Rosemarie Buchannan||102|
|1982 Alberta general election|
|Progressive Conservative||John Thompson||3,738|
|Western Canada Concept||Steve Pinchak||2,309|
|New Democratic||Leslie Howard||250|
|1986 Alberta general election|
|Progressive Conservative||Jack Ady||2,679|
|Social Credit||Ernest Master||989|
|New Democratic||Cynthia Cunningham||389|
|1989 Alberta general election|
|Progressive Conservative||Jack Ady||3,483|
|Social Credit||Adam Hauch||529|
|New Democratic||Don Ferguson||517|
1935 - 1963
|D.O. Wight |
|Progressive Conservative||John Spencer
|Social Credit||Edgar Hinman
|Nathan Eldon Tanner
|Nathan Eldon Tanner
|Nathan Eldon Tanner |
|United Farmers||George Stringam |
1944 general election
|1944 Alberta general election results||Turnout 72.21%|
|Social Credit||Nathan Eldon Tanner||2,104||64.44%|
|Cooperative Commonwealth||Edward Leavitt||569||17.43%|
|Rejected, Spoiled and Declined||20|
1905 - 1930
|1909 Alberta general election|
|Liberal||John William Woolf||521|
|Progressive Conservative||Levi Harker||386|
|Alberta provincial by-election, 1912|
|Progressive Conservative||John Parrish||532|
|1913 Alberta general election|
|Progressive Conservative||C. Jensen||479|
|1917 Alberta general election|
|Progressive Conservative||W.G. Smith||752|
|1921 Alberta general election|
|United Farmers||George Stringam||1340|
|1926 Alberta general election|
|United Farmers||George Stringam||1328|
|Progressive Conservative||J.Y. Card||480|
|1930 Alberta general election|
|United Farmers||George Stringam||1364|
1948 Electrification Plebiscite
District results from the first province wide plebiscite on electricity regulation.
|Option A||Option B|
|Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being continued by the Power Companies?||Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being made a publicly owned utility administered by the Alberta Government Power Commission?|
|1,268 46.00%||1,488 54.00%|
|Province wide result: Option A passed.|
1957 liquor plebiscite
|1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Cardston|
|Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the|
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
|Rejected, Spoiled and Declined||13|
|4,296 Eligible Electors, Turnout 52.89%%|
On October 30, 1957 a stand-alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.
The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments.
Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Cardston recorded the strongest vote in the province against expanded sale of liquor, this was likely due to the strong Mormon communities in the district, which had made Cardston a dry city since 1904. The district also recorded a strong voter turnout. It was well above the province wide average of 46 percent.
Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957. At first the Social Credit government said it did not consider the results binding, but soon the government repealed the existing liquor legislation and introduced an entirely new Liquor Act.
Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against expanded liquor sales such as Cardston were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.
- "Chapter 3: An Act to establish and provide for the government of the Province of Alberta". Statutes of Canada. Government of Canada. July 20, 1905. p. 84.
- "History of the Northwest Territories Legislature 1876-1905" (PDF). Saskatchewan Archives. p. 22. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Shaw, Keith. Chief mountain country : a history of Cardston and district. Cardston and District Historical Society. p. 86.
- "Cardston Official Results 1905 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- "Cardston Official Results 1944 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
- Alberta Gazette. 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2, 247–2, 249.
- "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273. The Lethbridge Herald. October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2.
- Edmonton Bulletin, Jan. 26, 1907
- "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267. The Lethbridge Herald. October 24, 1957. p. 1.
- "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72. The Lethbridge Herald. March 5, 1968. p. 1.
- "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40.