, the Carduus crispus curly plumeless thistle or  welted thistle, is a  biennial herb in the Asteraceae—daisy family. It is native to Europe and Asia. 
The plant is found from
Southwestern Europe, through Scandinavia and Siberia, to Eastern Asia. It is also found in the disputed region of Kashmir.
Wildlife [ edit ]
The species and genus is a favorite foodplant of
caterpillars of the Painted Lady butterfly ( Vanessa cardui), which derives its specific epithet, cardui, from their preference for thistles. It is also used by bees for honey production. Carduus
Medicinal [ edit ]
Extracts from this plant have been found to have anti-cancer properties,
the main one of which being
It is said to hold restorative and
anodyne properties in its roots.
Invasive species [ edit ]
Carduus crispus is an introduced species in North America, and a noxious weed in several U.S. states, including West Virginia. 
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]