Carduus crispus

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Carduus crispus
Carduus crispus - Keila.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Carduus
Species:
C. crispus
Binomial name
Carduus crispus

Carduus crispus, the curly plumeless thistle[1] or welted thistle,[2] is a biennial herb in the daisy family Asteraceae. It is native to Europe and Asia.

Distribution[edit]

The plant is found from Southwestern Europe, through Scandinavia and Siberia, to Eastern Asia.[3][4]

Uses[edit]

Plant with seed heads.
Foliage and flowers.
Pollination by Bombus lapidarius

Wildlife[edit]

The species and genus is a favorite food plant of caterpillars of the painted lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui), which derives its specific epithet, cardui, from their preference for Carduus thistles. It is also used by bees for honey production.

Medicinal[edit]

Extracts from this plant have been found to have anti-cancer properties,[medical citation needed] the main one of which being crispine B.

It is said to hold restorative and anodyne properties in its roots.[medical citation needed]

Invasive species[edit]

Carduus crispus is an introduced species in North America, and a noxious weed in several U.S. states, including West Virginia.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carduus crispus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ "Den virtuella floran: Carduus crispus L." Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Carduus crispus". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  5. ^ USDA . accessed 4.8.2013