The French Mill
|OS grid reference|
|• Cardiff||72 mi (116 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
Carew (Welsh: Caeriw) is a village, parish and community on an inlet of Milford Haven in the former Hundred of Narberth, Pembrokeshire, West Wales, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Pembroke. The eastern part of the parish is in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.
The meaning of the name is unclear. In Welsh it could mean "fort on a hill" (Caer-rhiw), "fort by yews" (Caer-yw) or simply "forts" (Caerau). It is pronounced /'kε:ru/, or more traditionally /'kε:ri/. The village grew up to serve the nearby Norman castle. The parish includes several other villages and hamlets, including Carew Cheriton (around the parish church), Carew Newton, Milton, West Williamston, Sageston and Whitehill.
West Williamston had an industrial history: limestone was quarried in the area for centuries; stone was cut from slot-shaped flooded quarries communicating with the haven, known locally as "docks". See examples at . These allowed stone to be dropped from the quarry faces directly into barges at the bottom. From there, stone was shipped to lime kilns all around the coast of North Pembrokeshire and Cardiganshire. A small quarry still operates north of Carew village. Besides limestone, anthracite was mined on a small scale for local consumption at Minnis Pit on the northeastern edge of the parish.
Typical of South Pembrokeshire, the parish has been predominantly English-speaking since the 12th century.
The 13th century Norman castle is 170 metres (560 ft) west of the village. Carew Cross is at the roadside in the village, and is an important example of an 11th-century memorial Celtic cross, commemorating King Maredudd ab Edwin of Deheubarth (died 1035). The cross, 4 metres (13 ft) tall, is made from the local limestone. Similar to the Nevern cross, it consists of two parts, connected with a tenon joint. It is possibly inscribed, on the west face:
The French Mill is a rare example of a tidal flour mill on a dam across the Carew inlet. The present building dates from the 18th century, but the French Mill was mentioned in 1476. The mill has not functioned since the 1930s, but its equipment is all still in place. It has two large undershot water wheels, driving seven sets of mill stones.
In 2017, Carew Cricket Club controversially declared in their final match against local rivals Cresselly to win the Pembroke County Cricket Club championship. Carew were subsequently demoted to a lower division as PCCC decided that they had not broken the rules but had not played within the spirit of cricket.
- "Ward and community population 2011". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Charles, B. G, The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, Vol II, p 476
- "GENUKI: Carew, Pembrokeshire, parish map 144". Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- Lewis, Topological Dictionary of Wales,1833
- "UCL: Carew1". Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "British Listed Buildings: Church Of St. Mary, Carew". Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- "British Listed Buildings: Old Mortuary Chapel". Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- "Coflein: Carew". Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- "Local cricket: Pembroke champions Carew face disrepute charge". BBC News. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "Carew Cricket Club relegated after 'unfair' win over title rivals". BBC News. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- Nield, Ted. A legacy of tidal Power: Carew Tidal mill. Country Quest June 1986: 36
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