Caribbean dove

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Caribbean dove
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Leptotila
L. jamaicensis
Binomial name
Leptotila jamaicensis
(Linnaeus, 1766)

Columba jamaicensis Linnaeus, 1766

The Caribbean dove (Leptotila jamaicensis) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is found in the Cayman Islands, Colombia (San Andrés island), Honduras (Bay Islands), Jamaica, and Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula). It has been introduced to New Providence in the Bahamas. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and heavily degraded former forest.


In the 18th century the Caribbean dove was described under the name "white-bellied dove" by several naturalists including John Ray in 1713,[2] Hans Sloane in 1725[3] and Patrick Browne in 1756.[4] In 1760 the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson included a description of the Caribbean dove in his six volume Ornithologie. He used the French name Le pigeon de la Jamaïque and the Latin Columba jamaicensis.[5] Although Brisson coined Latin names for species, these do not conform to the binomial system and are not recognised by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.[6] When in 1766 the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus updated his Systema Naturae for the twelfth edition, he included the Caribbean dove and placed it with the other pigeons in the genus Columba. Linnaeus included a brief description, used Brisson's Latin name Columba jamaicensis as the binomial name and cited the earlier authors.[7] The species is now placed in the genus Leptotila that was introduced by the English naturalist William John Swainson in 1837 with the Caribbean dove as the type species.[8][9] A molecular genetic study has shown that the Caribbean dove is most closely related to the white-tipped dove.[10][11]

Four subspecies are recognised:[9]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Leptotila jamaicensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Ray, John (1713). Synopsis methodica avium & piscium (in Latin). London: William Innys. pp. 183–184.
  3. ^ Sloane, Hans (1725). A Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves, S. Christophers and Jamaica : with the natural history of the herbs and trees, four-footed beasts, fishes, birds, insects, reptiles, &c. of the last of those islands. Volume 2. London: Printed for the author. pp. 303–304, Plate 262 fig 1.
  4. ^ Browne, Patrick (1756). The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. London: Printed for the author, and sold by T. Osborne and J. Shipton. p. 469.
  5. ^ Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés (in French and Latin). Volume 1. Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. pp. 134–135.
  6. ^ Allen, J.A. (1910). "Collation of Brisson's genera of birds with those of Linnaeus". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 28: 317–335.
  7. ^ Linnaeus, Carl (1766). Systema naturae : per regna tria natura, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). Volume 1, Part 1 (12th ed.). Holmiae (Stockholm): Laurentii Salvii. p. 283.
  8. ^ Swainson, William John (1837). On the Natural History and Classification of Birds. Volume 2. London: John Taylor. p. 349.
  9. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  10. ^ Banks, R.C.; Weckstein, J.D.; Remsen Jr, J.V.; Johnson, K.P. (2013). "Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini)". Zootaxa. 3669 (2): 184–188. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3669.2.11.
  11. ^ Johnson, K.P.; Weckstein, J.D. (2011). "The Central American land bridge as an engine of diversification in New World doves". Journal of Biogeography. 38: 1069–1076. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02501.x.

Media related to Leptotila jamaicensis at Wikimedia Commons