Carica

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Carica
Carica papaya - papaya - var-tropical dwarf papaya - desc-fruit.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Caricaceae
Genus: Carica
L.
Species

Carica papaya - Papaya

Buds

Carica is a genus of flowering plants in the family Caricaceae including C. papaya, the papaya (syn. C. peltata, C. posoposa), a widely cultivated fruit tree native to the American tropics.

The genus was formerly treated as including about 20-25 species of short-lived evergreen pachycaul shrubs or small trees growing to 5–10 m tall, native to tropical Central and South America, but recent genetic evidence has resulted in all of these species other than C. papaya being reclassified into three other genera.

Species[edit]

Species previously in the genus[edit]

Most of the other species have been transferred to the genus Vasconcellea, with a few to the genera Jacaratia and Jarilla, as follows:

  • Carica baccata = Vasconcellea microcarpa subsp. baccata
  • Carica candamarcensis = Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis (Mountain papaya)
  • Carica candicans = Vasconcellea candicans (Mito)
  • Carica caudata = Jarilla heterophylla
  • Carica cauliflora = Vasconcellea cauliflora
  • Carica cestriflora = Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis
  • Carica chilensis = Vasconcellea chilensis
  • Carica crassipetala = Vasconcellea crassipetala
  • Carica cundinamarcensis = Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis
  • Carica dodecaphylla = Jacaratia spinosa
  • Carica glandulosa = Vasconcellea glandulosa
  • Carica goudotiana = Vasconcellea goudotiana
  • Carica heterophylla = Vasconcellea microcarpa subsp. heterophylla
  • Carica horovitziana = Vasconcellea horovitziana
  • Carica longiflora = Vasconcellea longiflora
  • Carica mexicana = Jacaratia mexicana
  • Carica microcarpa = Vasconcellea microcarpa
  • Carica monoica = Vasconcellea monoica
  • Carica nana = Jarilla nana
  • Carica omnilingua = Vasconcellea omnilingua
  • Carica palandensis = Vasconcellea palandensis
  • Carica parviflora = Vasconcellea parviflora
  • Carica pentagona = Vasconcellea ×heilbornii (Babaco)
  • Carica pubescens = Vasconcellea pubescens (Mountain papaya or Chilean Carica)
  • Carica pulchra = Vasconcellea pulchra
  • Carica quercifolia = Vasconcellea quercifolia
  • Carica sphaerocarpa = Vasconcellea sphaerocarpa
  • Carica spinosa = Jacaratia spinosa
  • Carica sprucei = Vasconcellea sprucei
  • Carica stipulata = Vasconcellea stipulata
  • Carica weberbaueri = Vasconcellea weberbaueri

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Carica
  • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Carica species list and synonymy
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. (1999). A phylogenetic analysis of the genus Carica L. (Caricaceae) based on restriction fragment length variation in a cpDNA intergenic spacer region. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46: 579–586.
  • Badillo, V. M. (2000). Carica L. vs. Vasconcella St. Hil. (Caricaceae) con la rehabilitacion de este ultimo. Ernstia 10: 74–79.
  • Van Droogenbroeck, B. et al. (2002). AFLP analysis of genetic relationships among papaya and its wild relatives (Caricaceae) from Ecuador. Theoret. Appl. Genet. 105: 289–297.

External links[edit]