Carina in Chinese astronomy

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The modern constellation Carina lies across one of the quadrants symbolized by the The Vermillion Bird of the South (南方朱雀, Nán Fāng Zhū Què) and The Southern Asterisms (近南極星區, Jìnnánjíxīngōu), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.

According to the quadrant, possibly constellation Carina in Chinese sky is almost not seen, except Canopus (Alpha Carinae), and Canopus is "south pole" in Chinese sky, and Miaplacidus (Beta Carinae), Aspidiske (Iota Carinae) and Avior (Epsilon Carinae) are bright stars in this constellation that possibly never seen in Chinese sky.

The name of the western constellation in modern Chinese is 船底座 (chuán dǐ zuò), meaning "the bottom of boat constellation".


The map of Chinese constellation in constellation Carina area consists of :

Four Symbols Mansion (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Asterisms (Chinese name) Romanization Translation Western star name Chinese star name Romanization Translation
The Vermilion Bird of the South (南方朱雀) Jǐng Well 老人 Lǎorén Old Man
α Car[1]
老人 Lǎorén (One star of)
老人星 Lǎorénxīng Star of Old Man
壽星 Shòu xīng God of longevity
南極老人 Nánjílǎorén Old man in the south pole
南極 Nánjí South pole
砺石南第二星 Lìdànnándìèrxīng 2nd star in southern area of Whetsone constellation
[2] Guǐ Ghost 天社[2] Tiānshè Celestial Earth God's Temple χ Car 天社增一 Tiānshèzēngyī 1st additional star
- 近南極星區 (non-mansions) Jìnnánjíxīngōu (non-mansions) The Southern Asterisms (non-mansions) 海山 Hǎishān Sea and Mountain
s Car[3] 海山一 Hǎishānyī 1st star
η Car[4]
海山二 Hǎishānèr 2nd star
天社 Tiānshè Celestial altar
u Car 海山三 Hǎishānsān 3rd star
海石 Hǎidàn Sea Rock
ε Car[4] 海石一 Hǎidànyī 1st star
ι Car[4] 海石二 Hǎidànèr 2nd star
h Car 海石三 Hǎidànsān 3rd star
l Car[3] 海石四 Hǎidànsì 4th star
υ Car[4] 海石五 Hǎidànwǔ 5th star
a Car 海石增一 Hǎidànzēngyī 1st additional star
c Car 海石增二 Hǎidànzēngèr 2nd additional star
i Car 海石增三 Hǎidànzēngsān 3rd additional star
南船 Nánchuán Southern Boat
q Car 南船一 Nánchuányī 1st star
p Car 南船二 Nánchuánèr 2nd star
θ Car[4] 南船三 Nánchuánsān 3rd star
ω Car[4] 南船四 Nánchuánsì 4th star
β Car[4] 南船五 Nánchuánwǔ 5th star
I Car 南船增一 Nánchuánzēngyī 1st additional star

See also[edit]


External links[edit]