Carl Adolph Agardh
Carl Adolph Agardh
|Died||12 January 1859 (aged 73)|
|Known for||Biological Classification, Systema algarum|
|Awards||Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences|
|Fields||Botany, Church (bishop)|
|Institutions||Lund University, Karlstad|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||C. Agardh|
In 1807 he was appointed teacher of mathematics at Lund University, in 1812 appointed professor of botany and natural sciences, and was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1817, and of the Swedish Academy in 1831.
He was ordained a clergyman in 1816, received two parishes as prebend, and was a representative in the clerical chamber of the Swedish Parliament on several occasions from 1817. He was rector magnificus of Lund University 1819-1820 and was appointed bishop of Karlstad in 1835, where he remained until his death. He was the father of Jacob Georg Agardh, also a botanist.
System of plant classification
- Acotyledonae 1–3 (Algae, Lichenes, Fungi)
- Pseudocotyledonae 4–7 (Muscoideae, Tetradidymae, Filices, Equisetaceae)
- Cryptocotyledonae 8–12 (Macropodae, Spadicinae, Glumiflorae, Liliiflorae, Gynandrae)
- Phanerocotyledonae incompletae 13–16 (Micranthae, Oleraceae, Epichlamydeae, Columnantherae)
- Phanerocotyledonae completae, hypogynae, monopetalae 17 (Tubiflorae)
- Phanerocotyledonae completae, hypogynae, polypetalae 18–22 (Centrisporae, Brevistylae, Polycarpellae, Valvisporae, Columniferae)
- Phanerocotyledonae completae, discigynae, monopetalae 23 (Tetraspermae)
- Phanerocotyledonae completae, discigynae, polypetalae 24–26 (Gynobaseae, Trihilitae, Hypodicarpae)
- Phanerocotyledonae completae, porigynae 27–33 (Subaggregatae, Aridifoliae, Succulentae, Calycanthemae, Peponiferae, Icosandrae, Leguminosae)
Each class then contains a number of orders (families). For instance, Liliiflorae contains 11 orders;
He devoted considerable attention to political economy and as "a leading liberal", he "succeeded in improving and raising the standards of education in Sweden". He also wrote on theological and other subjects, but his reputation chiefly rests on his botanical works, especially Systema algarum, Species algarum rite cognitae and Classes plantarum on biological classification, and Icones Algarum (1824, 1820–28, and 1828–35). The greatest part of his Manual of Botany (2 vols., Malmoe, 1829–32) has been translated into German.
List of selected publications
- Agardh, Carl Adolph (1825). Classes Plantarum. Lund: Literis Berlingianis.
- — (1817–1826). Aphorismi botanici. Lund: Literis Berlingianis.
- Algarum decas prima [-quarta] /auctore Carolo Ad. Agardh
- Dispositio algarum Sueciae /cuctore Carolo Adolfo Agardh
- Caroli A. Agardh Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae : adjecta dispositione universali algarum
- Adnotationes botanicae (with Swartz, Olof, Sprengel, Kurt Polycarp Joachim, and Wikström, Joh. Em)
- Agardh notes that his Coronariae includes Linnaeus's Coronariae and Liliaceae, orders 9 and 10 of the latter