Carl Chun

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Carl Chun
Carl chun.jpg
Born(1852-10-01)1 October 1852
Died11 April 1914(1914-04-11) (aged 61)

Carl Chun (1 October 1852 – 11 April 1914) was a German marine biologist.

Chun was born in Höchst, today a part of Frankfurt, and studied zoology at the University of Leipzig, where from 1878 to 1883 he was privat-docent of zoology and an assistant to Rudolf Leuckart. After professorial posts in Königsberg (1883–1891) and Breslau (1891–1898), he returned to Leipzig as a professor of zoology.[1]

He initiated and led the German deep sea expedition (1898/99 "Valdivia" Expedition),[1] which set out on July 31, 1898 from Hamburg to explore the deep sea in the subantarctic seas. They visited Bouvetøya, the Kerguelen Islands, and other islands, before returning to Hamburg, where they arrived on May 1, 1899.[2]

Chun was a specialist on cephalopods and plankton. He discovered and named the vampire squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis, which means "vampire squid from hell"). Chun was also interested in making science accessible to larger audiences. He published in a popular style a narrative of the "Valdivia" expedition, which found a wide resonance (Aus der Tiefen des Weltmeeres, 1900).[3]

He died on April 11, 1914 in Leipzig, Germany, aged 61.

Selected works[edit]

  • Aus den Tiefen des Weltmeeres, Jena 1900.
  • Allgemeine Biologie, Leipzig 1915.
  • Die Cephalopoden, 2 volumes., Jena 1910.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c UNI Leipzig Professorenkatalog (biographical sketch)
  2. ^ Chun, Carl (1903). Aus den Tiefen des Weltmeeres. Jena: Gustav Fischer. pp. V, 12. doi:10.18452/2.
  3. ^ Andreas W. Daum, Wissenschaftspopularisierung im 19. Jahrhundert: Bürgerliche Kultur, naturwissenschaftliche Bildung und die deutsche Öffentlichkeit, 1848–1914. Munich: Oldenbourg, 1998, ISBN 3-486-56337-8, pp. 330, 428, 480 (2nd ed. 2002 with the same page numbers).

Further reading[edit]

Ilse Jahn, ed., Geschichte der Biologie: Theorien, Methoden, Institutionen, Kurzbiographien. 3. ed., Berlin: Spektrum, 2000, ISBN 978-3-8274-1023-8, pp. 798, 867, 881, 900, 996.