Carl Ferdinand von Arlt

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Carl Ferdinand von Arlt

Carl Ferdinand Ritter von Arlt (April 18, 1812 – March 7, 1887) was an Austrian ophthalmologist born in Ober-Graupen, a village near Teplitz (Teplice) in Bohemia.

He earned his doctorate in Prague in 1839, and later became a professor of ophthalmology in Prague (1849–1856) and Vienna (1856–1883). His son Ferdinand Ritter von Arlt (1842–1917) was also an ophthalmologist.

Arlt published a prodiguous number of books and articles concerning diseases of the eye, and collaborated with Albrecht von Graefe and Franciscus Donders on the journal Archiv für Ophthalmologie. He was the first physician to provide proof that myopia (short-sightedness) is generally a consequence of excessive length of the sagittal axis of the eye (bulbus).[1]

Annually. he returned to his home town in order to treat people in its vicinity who were afflicted with eye diseases. Arlt died in Vienna on 7 March 1887.

The following eponyms are named after Arlt:

Selected publications[edit]

  • Die Krankheiten des Auges (Diseases of the eye) three volumes, (1851, 1853 & 1856).
  • Operationslehre (Surgical Lessons) In Saemisch/Graefe Handbuch der gesamten Augenheilkunde, Volume 3, (1874).
  • Meine Erlebnisse. (Autobiography), Wiesbaden 1887, Otto Becker, pupil of Arlt, completed his autobiography.[4]


  1. ^ Ernst Ziegler (1897). A text-book of special pathological anatomy. Macmillan. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Mondofacto Dictionary Arlt's operation.
  3. ^ Arlts triangle @ Digital Reference of Ophthalmology.
  4. ^ Bibliography of Arlt @ Who Named It