Carl Hamppe

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Carl Hamppe (born 1814, Switzerland – died 17 May 1876, Gersau, Canton of Schwyz) was a senior government official in Vienna as well as a Swiss–Austrian chess master and theoretician.[1]

He played matches with Johann Löwenthal (4 : 5) in 1846, Ernst Falkbeer (16 : 15) in 1850, and Daniel Harrwitz (2 : 5) in 1852 and (0.5 : 3.5) in 1860.[2]

Hamppe twice won the Vienna championship (Wiener Schachgesellschaft) in 1859 and 1860, both times ahead of Wilhelm Steinitz.[3]

His most famous game was the "Immortal Draw" (Carl Hamppe vs Philipp Meitner, Vienna 1872).[4]

He made contributions to the Vienna Game (1.e4 e5 2.Nc3), and two variations in the Vienna Gambit: Hamppe-Allgaier Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.h4 g4 6.Ng5), and Hamppe-Muzio Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.Bc4 g4 6.O-O gxf3 7.Qxf3).[5]

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