Carl Jacob Löwig

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Carl Jacob Löwig
Carl Jacob Loewig (1803-1890).jpg
Born(1803-03-17)17 March 1803
Died27 March 1890(1890-03-27) (aged 87)
Alma materUniversity of Heidelberg
Known forDiscovery of bromine
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Heidelberg,
University of Zurich,
University of Breslau
Doctoral advisorLeopold Gmelin

Carl Jacob Löwig (17 March 1803 – 27 March 1890) was a German chemist and discovered bromine independently of Antoine Jérôme Balard.

He received his PhD at the University of Heidelberg for his work with Leopold Gmelin. During his research on mineral salts he discovered bromine in 1825, as a brown gas evolving after the salt was treated with chlorine.[1][2][3]

After working at the University of Heidelberg and the University of Zurich he became the successor to Robert Wilhelm Bunsen at the University of Breslau. He worked and lived in Breslau until his death in 1890.


  1. ^ Carl Löwig (1827) "Über Brombereitung und eine auffallende Zersetzung des Aethers durch Chlor" (On the preparation of bromine and a striking decomposition of ether by chlorine), Magazine für Pharmacie, vol. 21, pages 31-36.
  2. ^ Carl Löwig (1828) "Über einige Bromverbindungen und über Bromdarstellung" (On some bromine compounds and on the production of bromine), Poggendorff's Annalen der Physik und Chemie, vol. 14, pages 485-499 (Modern citation: Annalen der Physik, vol. 90, no. 11, pages 485-499).
  3. ^ Carl Löwig, Das Brom und seine chemischen Verhältnisse (Bromine and its chemical relationships) (Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1829).
  • Hans Heinrich Landolt (1890). "Nekrolog: Carl Löwig". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft. 23 (3): 905–909. doi:10.1002/cber.18900230395.