Carl Kress, c. June 1947
|Born||October 20, 1907|
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||June 10, 1965|
|Associated acts||Dick McDonough, George Barnes, Paul Whiteman, Eddie Lang|
Carl Kress (October 20, 1907 – June 10, 1965) was an American jazz guitarist.
Kress started on piano before picking up the banjo. Beginning in 1926, he played guitar during his brief time as a member of Paul Whiteman's orchestra. For most of his career, he was a studio musician and sideman buried in large orchestras, and his name was little known. His work in the 1920s and 1930s included sessions with The Boswell Sisters, The Dorsey Brothers, Bix Beiderbecke, Hoagy Carmichael, Miff Mole, Red Nichols, Adrian Rollini, and Frankie Trumbauer.
Outside of orchestras, Kress played in several guitar duets with Eddie Lang (1932), Dick McDonough (1934, 1937), Tony Mottola (1941), and George Barnes (1961–1965). In 1938 and 1939 he made some solo recordings, the songs "Peg Leg Shuffle", "Helena", "Love Song", "Sutton Mutton", and "Afterthoughts". During the 1940s, he played Dixieland jazz with Bobby Hackett, Pee Wee Russell, and Muggsy Spanier.
Kress was married to Helen Carroll, a native of Bloomington, Indiana, who moved to New York City to become a singer. She was a member of the Satisifiers and sang with Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, and Jo Stafford. Carl and Helen Kress lived in Manhasset, New York. Carl Kress died of a heart attack in 1965 while he was on tour in Reno, Nevada.
and Kress adapted this all-fifths tuning for his guitar
Before switching to fifths tuning, Kress had used other tunings on the banjo and tenor guitar. His fifths-tuning gave Kress's playing "fuller chords and baselines", according to Lieberson (1996, p. 42). When Kress's duets with Dick McDonough were published, they were transposed from his fifths tuning to standard tuning.
- Two Guitars and a Horn with George Barnes (Jass, 1962)
- Pioneers of the Jazz Guitar (Yazoo, 1992)
- Fun on the Frets (Yazoo)
- Something Tender with George Barnes, Bud Freeman (United Artists, 1963)
- "Afterthoughts" (Kress)
- "Chicken a la Swing" (Kress/McDonough)
- "Danzon" (Kress)
- "Feeling My Way" (Kress/Lang)
- "Pickin' My Way" (Kress/Lang)
- "Love Song" (Kress)
- "Peg Leg Shuffle" (Kress)
- 1950 Dixie by Dorsey, Jimmy Dorsey
- 1955 Jazz Great, Jack Teagarden
- 1956 My Memories of You, Jack Teagarden/Maxine Sullivan
- 1958 South Pacific Blows Warm, Bob Crosby
- 1959 Satchmo in Style, Louis Armstrong
- 1963 Town Hall Concert, George Barnes
- 1964 Guitars Anyone, George Barnes
- 1967 Billie Holiday's Greatest Hits, Billie Holiday
- 1983 Rhythm of the Day, Red Nichols
- Yanow, Scott (2013). The Great Jazz Guitarists. San Francisco: Backbeat. pp. 113–114. ISBN 978-1-61713-023-6.
- "Helen Kress". Seacoast Online. 6 March 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- Lucas & Obrecht (1996, p. 12): Lucas, Nick; Obrecht, Jas (1996). "Nick Lucas". In Sallis, James. The Guitar in Jazz: An Anthology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 12–19. ISBN 978-0-8032-4250-0.
- Lieberson (1996, p. 47): Lieberson, Richard (1996). "The jazz guitar duet: A fifty year history". In Sallis, James. The Guitar in Jazz: An Anthology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 45–53. ISBN 978-0-8032-4250-0.
- Lieberson (1996a, p. 92): Lieberson, Richard (1996a). "Swing Guitar: The Acoustic Chordal Style". In Sallis, James. The Guitar in Jazz: An Anthology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 89–112. ISBN 978-0-8032-4250-0.
- Lieberson (1996, p. 46)
- Sethares, Bill (2001). "Regular Tunings". Alternate Tuning Guide (.pdf). Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Department of Electrical Engineering. pp. 52–67. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- "Carl Kress | Songs". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "Carl Kress | Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 August 2017.