Carl L. Sitter
Carl Leonard Sitter
Medal of Honor recipient
|Born||December 2, 1922|
|Died||April 4, 2000 (aged 77)|
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1940–1970|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Legion of Merit
Purple Heart (3)
|Other work||Virginia Department of Social Services|
Carl Leonard Sitter (December 2, 1922 – April 4, 2000) was a highly decorated United States Marine Corps officer and Korean War Medal of Honor recipient for his actions during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.
Marine Corps career
He was born in Syracuse, Missouri, but grew up in Pueblo, Colorado. Upon graduating from Pueblo's Central High School, he enlisted in the United States Marine Corps on June 22, 1940. He served for eight months in Iceland, then was ordered to the Pacific area. He was serving as a corporal in the Wallis Islands when, on December 12, 1942, he was given a field commission as a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps Reserve.
He was wounded again the following July on Guam, during the action in which he earned the Silver Star. The situation was similar, though on a smaller scale, to the one in which he earned the Medal of Honor: he exposed himself to enemy fire to lead his rifle platoon, and when wounded refused to be evacuated until his mission was accomplished.
Captain Sitter was awarded the Medal of Honor for leadership during a two-day battle at Hagaru-ri, Korea during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir. In the bitter fighting between the Chinese and the surrounded US forces near the Chosin Reservoir in November 1950, Captain Sitter was wounded by hand grenades, but continued to lead his men until he repulsed a counterattack. He is one of four Medal of Honor recipients from Pueblo, Colorado, the others being William J. Crawford, Drew Dennis Dix, and Raymond G. Murphy.
He retired from active duty on June 30, 1970, after reaching the rank of colonel in the Marine Corps.
Medal of Honor citation
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR to
CAPTAIN CARL L. SITTER
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of Company G, Third Battalion, First Marines, First Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces at Hagaru-ri, Korea, on 29 and November 30, 1950. Ordered to break through enemy-infested territory to reinforce his Battalion the early morning of November 29, Captain Sitter continuously exposed himself to enemy fire as he led his company forward and, despite twenty-five percent casualties suffered in the furious action, succeeded in driving through to his objective. Assuming the responsibility of attempting to seize and occupy a strategic area occupied by a hostile force of regiment strength deeply entrenched on a snow-covered hill commanding the entire valley southeast of the town, as well as the line of march of friendly troops withdrawing to the south, he reorganized his depleted units the following morning and boldly led them up the steep, frozen hillside under blistering fire, encouraging and redeploying his troops as casualties occurred and directing forward platoons as they continued the drive to the top of the ridge. During the night when a vastly outnumbering enemy launched a sudden, vicious counterattack, setting the hill ablaze with mortar, machine-gun, and automatic weapons fire and taking a heavy toll in troops, Captain Sitter visited each foxhole and gun position, coolly deploying and integrating reinforcing units consisting of service personnel unfamiliar with infantry tactics into a coordinated combat team and instilling in every man the will and determination to hold his position at all costs. With the enemy penetrating his lines in repeated counterattacks which often required hand-to-hand combat and, on one occasion infiltrating to the command post with hand grenades, he fought gallantly with his men in repulsing and killing the fanatic attackers in each encounter. Painfully wounded in the face, arms and chest by bursting grenades, he staunchly refused to be evacuated and continued to fight on until a successful defense of the area was assured with a loss to the enemy of more than fifty percent dead, wounded and captured. His valiant leadership, superb tactics and great personal valor throughout thirty-six hours of bitter combat reflect the highest credit upon Captain Sitter, and the United States Naval Service.
/S/ HARRY S. TRUMAN
Awards and decorations
Sitter's medals and decorations include: the Medal of Honor; the Silver Star Medal; the Legion of Merit; the Purple Heart with two Gold Stars in lieu of second and third awards; two Presidential Unit Citations; two Navy Unit Commendations; the Good Conduct Medal; the American Defense Service Medal; the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two bronze stars; the American Campaign Medal; the World War II Victory Medal; the National Defense Service Medal with one bronze star; the Korean Service Medal with four bronze stars; the United Nations Service Medal; the Chungmu Medal with silver star from the Republic of Korea; and two Korean Presidential Unit Citations. Sitter was also a member of Oasis of Mara Masonic Lodge No 735 in Twentynine Palms, California
|Medal of Honor||Silver Star||Legion of Merit||Purple Heart with two gold stars|
|Presidential Unit Citation with one bronze star||Navy Unit Commendation with one bronze star||Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal||American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two bronze stars||World War II Victory Medal||National Defense Service Medal with one bronze star|
|Korean Service Medal with four bronze stars||Chungmu Cordon Medal||Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation with one service star||United Nations Service Medal|
Post-Marine Corps career
After 30 years in the Marine Corps, Sitter went to work for the Virginia Department of Social Services. He retired in 1985 at age 63.
In 1998, at age 75, Sitter returned to college, graduating on May 28, 1999, at age 76.
- Roper, Peter (August 30, 2010). "State Fair salutes soldiers and airmen". The Pueblo Chieftain. Pueblo, Colorado. Archived from the original on August 30, 2010.
- ""The Captain", Carl Sitter, Korea, 1950". Pueblo Medal of Honor Foundation. Archived from the original on 2006-08-16. Retrieved 2006-12-23.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
- "Colonel Carl L. Sitter". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. United States Marine Corps History Division. Archived from the original on 2005-11-20.
- "Past Grand Marshals of the Tournament of Roses". Archived from the original on November 29, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- "homeofheroes.com: Sitter, Carl". Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor citation". Retrieved September 24, 2010.[dead link]
- "Carl L. Sitter, A Profile in Courage". HomeOfHeroes.com. 2006-12-23.