Carl Ludwig Blume

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Carl Ludwig Blume
Carl Ludwig Blume00.jpg
Born9 June 1796
Died3 February 1862 (1862-02-04) (aged 65)
Other namesKarl Ludwig von Blume, Karel Lodewijk Blume
AwardsForeign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Scientific career
FieldsBotany, Entomology
InstitutionsBogor Botanical Gardens, Java; Rijksherbarium, Leiden
Author abbrev. (botany)Blume
Title page of Collection des Orchidées les plus remarquables de l'archipel Indien et du Japon

Charles Ludwig de Blume or Karl Ludwig von Blume (9 June 1796, Braunschweig – 3 February 1862, Leiden) was a German-Dutch botanist. The standard author abbreviation Blume is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[1]

He was born at Braunschweig in Germany, but studied at Leiden University and spent his professional life working in the Dutch East Indies and in the Netherlands, where he was Director of the Rijksherbarium (state herbarium) at Leiden. His name is sometimes given in the Dutch language form Karel Lodewijk Blume, but the original German spelling is the one most widely used in botanical texts: even then there is confusion, as he is sometimes referred to as K.L. Blume (from Karl).

He carried out extensive studies of the flora of southern Asia, particularly in Java, then a colony of the Netherlands. From 1823 to 1826 Blume was Deputy Director of Agriculture at the botanic garden in Bogor (Buitenzorg) in Java. In 1827 he became correspondent of the Royal Institute of the Netherlands.[2] In 1855, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

He planned, together with Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796–1866), the foundation of the "Koninklijke Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot aanmoediging van den Tuinbouw". (Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Horticulture). This was carried to fruition in 1842.[3]

The botanical journal Blumea is named after him.

He was also an entomologist.[4]


  • Carl Ludwig Blume: "Catalogus van eenige der merkwaardigste zoo in- als uitheemse gewassen, te vinden in 's Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg" opgemaakt door C. L. Blume, M.D., Directeur van voorz. tuin. s.l. n.d. [Batavia 1823]. (Catalogue of some native and exotic plants in Buitenzorg)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië .... 1825–1827 (Contributions to the flora of the Dutch Indies) on Botanicus
  • Blume, Carl Ludwig (1827–1830). Enumeratio plantarum Javae et insularum adjacentium : minus cognitarum vel novarum ex herbariis Reinwardtii, Kuhlii, Hasseltii et Blumii (in Latin). Leiden: van Leeuwen.
  • Carl Ludwig Blume & Johannes B. Fischer (? – 1832): Flora Javae nec non insularum adjacentium .... 1828–1851.
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: De novis quibusdam plantarum familiis expositio et olim jam expositarum enumeratio. (1833)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Rumphia, sive commentationes botanicae imprimis de plantis Indiae orientalis .... 1835–1849 (4 volumes with 170 illustrations)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Museum botanicum Lugduno-Batavum .... 1849–1857 on Botanicus
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Flora Javae et insularum adjacentium nova series (1858–1859)
  • Carl Ludwig Blume: Collection des Orchidées les plus remarquables de l'Archipel Indien et du Japon (1858–1859).


  1. ^ International Plant Names Index.  Blume.
  2. ^ "Carl Ludwig Blume (1796–1862)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Jaarboek van de Koninklijke Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot aanmoediging van den Tuinbouw". tr. Yearbook of the Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Horticulture, accessed 30 September 2020
  4. ^ Groll, E.K. "Biografien der Entomologen der Welt : Datenbank" [Biographies of Entomologists of the World: Database].[permanent dead link]

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