Carl Gottfried Semper (July 6, 1832, Altona, Hamburg – May 29, 1893, Würzburg) was a German ethnologist and animal ecologist. He attended the Hanover Polytechnic from 1851-1854 and achieved a Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Würzburg in 1856. He traveled to the Philippines and Palau two years later, staying in the region until 1865 in association with Museum Godeffroy. Semper published several works detailing his observations and experiences among Pacific peoples. In addition to his written work, he delivered lectures at the Lowell Technological Institute (now merged into the University of Massachusetts Lowell) near Boston and maintained a large collection of animal specimens. His work in Palau is especially noted as comprising one of the very few reliable accounts of cultural practices that are today severely diminished by Westernization. Semper is also praised for his humane and even-handed attitude toward indigenous cultures.
Semper suffered a major stroke in 1887 and died a few years later.
- Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen (5 vol. of 10, 1868-1916)
- Palau-Inseln im Stillen Ocean (1873)
- Die Natürlichen Existenzbedingungen der Thiere (1880)
- "Sketch of Carl Semper". Popular science monthly: 837. Apr 1898. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Semper", pp. 240-241).
- Lane J. N. (1964) "Semper's Organ, a Cephalic Gland in Certain Gastropods". Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 105(3): 331-342.
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