Carl Skottsberg

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Carl Skottsberg
Carl Skottsberg.JPG
Carl Skottsberg with his wife Inga
Born Carl Johan Fredrik Skottsberg
(1880-12-01)1 December 1880
Died 14 June 1963(1963-06-14) (aged 82)
Alma mater Uppsala University
Awards Darwin-Wallace Medal (Silver, 1958)
Linnean Medal (1959)
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]
Scientific career
Author abbrev. (botany)

Dr Carl Johan Fredrik Skottsberg PRSA FRS HFRSE FLS (1 December 1880 – 14 June 1963) was a Swedish botanist and explorer of Antarctica.[1][3]

Life[edit]

Skottsberg was born in Karlshamn on 1 December 1880 the son of Carl Adolf Skottsberg a schoolmaster and his wife, Maria Louisa Pfeiffer.[4]

He was educated locally then studied Sciences at Uppsala University from 1898, specialising in Botany, and receiving his doctorate (PhD) there in 1907.[5]

From 1901 to 1903 Skottsberg served as official botanist to the Swedish Antarctic Expedition of 1901 to 1903 on the ship Antarctic. On his return to Sweden, Skottsberg published (1905) the first comprehensive phytogeographic study of the flora of southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.[6] Later he led the Swedish Magellanic Expedition to Patagonia, 1907 to 1909. Carl Skottsberg is believed to have been the last to have seen the Santalum fernandezianum tree alive when he visited the Juan Fernández Islands in 1908.[7]

He was conservator at the Uppsala University Botanical Museum 1909 to 1914, but led the work on the new Botanical Garden in Gothenburg from 1915, and was appointed professor and director of the garden there, Göteborg Botanical Garden, in 1919.

Skottsberg was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and several other Swedish learned societies, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1950.[1] That same year he presided the 7th International Botanical Congress. He was awarded the Linnean Society of London's Darwin-Wallace Medal in 1958 and the Linnean Medal in 1959.

He is buried at Östra kyrkogården in Gothenburg.

Publications[edit]

Family[edit]

In 1909 he married Inga Margareta Reuter.

Botanical Reference[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Salisbury, E. J. (1964). "Carl Johan Fredrik Skottsberg 1880-1963". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 10: 244–256. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1964.0015. 
  2. ^ IPNI.  Skottsb. 
  3. ^ Nordisk familjebok, vol. 25 (1917), col. 1180, and vol. 38 (Suppl., 1926), col. 368
  4. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. 
  5. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. 
  6. ^ Pisano Valdés, E. (1977). "Fitogeografía de Fuego-Patagonia chilena. I.-Comunidades vegetales entre las latitudes 52 y 56º S". Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia (in Spanish). VIII. Punta Arenas. p. 122. 
  7. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. 
  8. ^ IPNI.  Skottsb. 

External links[edit]