Carl Theodor Sørensen

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Carl Theodor Sørensen
CarlTheodorSorensen-Architect.jpg
Carl Theodor Sørensen in 1949
Born Søren Carl Theodor Marius Sørensen
(1893-07-24)24 July 1893
Altona, Hamburg, Germany
Died 12 September 1979(1979-09-12) (aged 86)
Copenhagen, Denmark
Nationality Danish
Occupation

Søren Carl Theodor Marius Sørensen (24 July 1893 in Altona, Hamburg, Germany – 12 September 1979 in Copenhagen, Denmark) was a Danish landscape architect who is considered to be one of the greatest landscape architects of the 20th century.[1] A contemporary of Thomas Church, Geoffrey Jellicoe and Luis Barragán he was a leading figure in the first generation of Modernists in landscape design.[2] He is best known for designing the first Adventure playground (in partnership with Hans Dragehjelm) in Emdrup, Copenhagen.[3][4][5]

Career[edit]

Sørensen was a prolific author producing eight books, editing two volumes and writing hundreds of articles. Only one short book was translated into English and another into German and Dutch. His books covered open space in urban life, horticulture, the history of garden art, principles of garden design, education and autobiography.[6]

Sørensen worked with Copenhagen schoolteacher Hans Dragehjelm (1875-1948) on the first ever adventure playground in Emdrup, a district of the Danish capital Copenhagen in 1940.[7] Photos from the time show children playing with bricks, digging in the mud and building dens with wood and nails. In his book Parkipolitik i Sogn og Købstad (Park Politics in the parish and market town), Sørensen stated his belief that "children's playgrounds are the city's most important form of public plantation". He believed children needed sun and open space to play in and hated the trend for dark, shady courtyards as play spaces. He called them skrammellegepladser ("junk playgrounds").[8]

His designs reflected the Modernist movement and include strong geometric shapes and graceful landforms.

He started teaching at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen in 1940 and was professor of landscape architecture there from 1954 to 1963.[9] He was awarded the Eckersberg Medal in 1945 and the Prince Eugen Medal in 1972.[10][11]

Major Projects[edit]

Water-garden, Clausholm Castle
  • Eidsvold Værk (garden), Norway
  • The Kampmann Garden
  • Vitus Berings Park I, Horsens[12]
  • Vitus Berings Park II, Horsens
  • De Geometriske Haver, Herning (1983)
  • Klokkergården
  • Høstrup Park
  • The Church Plaza, Kalundborg
  • Bellahøj Open-air Theatre, Copenhagen
  • Aarhus University Park
  • The Mølleå Canal, Åbenrå
  • Kogenhus Memorial Park, Viborg
  • The Golden Chain Garden in Middelfart
  • The Sonja Poll Garden (designed for his daughter in 1970), Holte
  • The Oval Gardens (allotment gardens), Nærum

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Om Indretning af Haver", 1930, 1941 (with P. Wad)
  • "Parkpolitik i Sogn og Købstad", 1931 (reprint), Copenhagen 1978, ISBN 87-7241-405-7
  • "Om Haver", 1939.
  • "Buske og Træer", 1948 (edited with Valdemar Jensen and H.K. Paludanred)
  • "Frilandsblomster", 1949 (edited with Valdemar Jensen and H.K. Paludanred)
  • "Europas Havekunst fra Alhambra til Liselund", 1959, 1979.
  • "The Origin of Garden Art", 1963 (reissued in: "Havekunst, Sophienholm", 1977) (in English)
  • "39 Haveplaner. Typiske haver til et typehus", 1966.
  • "Haver. Tanker og arbejder", 1975.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andersson, Sven-Ingvar; Høyer, Steen (2001). C. Th. Soerensen: landscape modernist. Pasteursvej: Danish Architectural Press. p. 9. ISBN 8774072234. 
  2. ^ Wilson, Andrew (2002). Influential Gardeners: The Designers who Shaped 20th-century Garden Style. New York: Clarkson Potter, Penguin Random House. 
  3. ^ Herrington, Susan (2014). Cornelia Hahn Oberlander: Making the Modern Landscape. University of Virginia Press. 
  4. ^ "The History of Adventure Play: The Context and Background of the first Adventure Playground". adventureplay.org.uk. British Adventure Play. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  5. ^ Wilson, Reilly (2016). "A Brief History of Adventure Playgrounds". play-ground.nyc. play:groundNYC. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  6. ^ Andersson, Sven-Ingvar; Høyer, Steen (2001). C. Th. Soerensen: landscape modernist. Pasteursvej: Danish Architectural Press. p. 9. ISBN 8774072234. 
  7. ^ Rebecca Staples New; Moncrieff Cochran (1 December 2006). Early Childhood Education [Four Volumes]. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 643. ISBN 978-0-313-01448-2. 
  8. ^ Gutman, Marta; de Coninck-Smith, Ning (2008). Designing Modern Childhoods: History, Space, and the Material Culture of Children (Rutgers Series in Childhood Studies). Rutgers University. ISBN 0813541956. 
  9. ^ Marc Treib (31 January 2008). Representing Landscape Architecture. Psychology Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-415-70042-9. 
  10. ^ "Eckersberg Medaaillen". Akademiraadet. Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Prins Eugen Medaljen" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  12. ^ | Vitrus Bering Park
  13. ^ The last remaining of the original houses as it looked when the Heritage Agency took over the garden in 2008.

Literature[edit]

  • Andersson, Sven-Ingvar – Hoyer, Steen (2001): "C.Th. Sørensen - Landscape Modernist". The Danish Architectural Press. ISBN 87-7407-223-4

External links[edit]