Carla Bruni

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Carla Bruni Sarkozy
Carla Bruni-Sarkozy (3).jpg
Spouse of the President of France
In role
2 February 2008 – 15 May 2012
President Nicolas Sarkozy
Preceded by Cécilia Sarkozy (2007)
Succeeded by Valérie Trierweiler (Acting)
Personal details
Born Carla Gilberta Bruni Tedeschi
(1967-12-23) 23 December 1967 (age 49)
Turin, Italy
Nationality French,[1] Italian
Spouse(s) Nicolas Sarkozy (m. 2008)
Relations Valeria Bruni Tedeschi (sister)
Guillaume Sarkozy (brother-in-law)
Olivier Sarkozy (half-brother-in-law)
Jean Sarkozy (stepson)
Children 2
Occupation Singer-songwriter, model, actress
Known for Modelling and singing careers, marriage to French president

Carla Bruni Sarkozy[1] (born Carla Gilberta Bruni Tedeschi; Italian pronunciation: [ˈkarla dʒilˈbɛrta ˈbruːni teˈdeski]; born 23 December 1967), is an Italian-French singer-songwriter and model. In 2008, she married Nicolas Sarkozy, the President of France.

Moving to France at the age of seven, she led a modelling career from 1987 to 1997 before taking up a career in music. She wrote several songs for Julien Clerc that featured on his 2000 album, Si j'étais elle. Bruni released her first album, Quelqu'un m'a dit in 2002 which eventually spent thirty-four weeks in the top 10 of the French Album Chart. Bruni won a Victorie during the 2007 Victoires de la Musique ceremony for Female Artist of the Year. The same year, Bruni released her second album, No Promises then the following year, she released her third album, Comme si de rien n'était. In 2013, Bruni released her fourth album, Little French Songs.

Early life and family[edit]

Carla Gilberta Bruni Tedeschi was born in Turin, Italy. Bruni is legally the daughter of Italian concert pianist Marisa Borini and industrialist and classical composer Alberto Bruni Tedeschi. In 2008, however, Bruni told Vanity Fair that her biological father is Italian-born Brazilian grocery magnate Maurizio Remmert. When Remmert met Marisa Borini at a concert in Turin, he was a 19-year-old classical guitarist, and their affair lasted six years.[2] Her sister is actress and movie director Valeria Bruni Tedeschi. She had a brother, Virginio Bruni Tedeschi (1959 – 4 July 2006), who died from complications of HIV/AIDS.[3] One of her maternal great-grandfathers was Italian, while the rest of her mother's ancestry is French.[4]

Bruni is heiress to the fortune created by the Italian tire manufacturing company CEAT, founded in the 1920s by her legal grandfather, Virginio Bruni Tedeschi. The company was sold in the 1970s to Pirelli (the brand continues in its former subsidiary in India, founded in 1958).[5] The family moved to France in 1975,[2] purportedly to escape the threat of kidnapping by the Red Brigades, a Communist terrorist group active in Italy in the 1970s and 1980s. Bruni grew up in France from the age of 7, and attended the boarding school Château Mont-Choisi in Lausanne, Switzerland. She went to Paris to study art and architecture, but left school at 19 to become a model.[6] By her biological father, Bruni has a half-sister, Consuelo Remmert.[7]

Career[edit]

1987–1996: early career and modeling[edit]

Bruni signed with City Models in 1987, aged 19.[6] Paul Marciano, president and creative director of Guess? Inc., came across her picture among composite cards of aspiring models and chose her to model with Estelle Lefébure in campaigns for Guess? jeans.[6] Bruni subsequently worked for designers and fashion houses such as Christian Dior, Givenchy, Paco Rabanne, Sonia Rykiel, Christian Lacroix, Karl Lagerfeld, John Galliano, Yves Saint-Laurent, Shiatzy Chen, Chanel and Versace.[6] By the 1990s, Bruni was among the 20 highest-paid fashion models, earning US$7.5 million in her peak year. While modeling, Bruni dated Eric Clapton, then Mick Jagger.[8] On 11 April 2008, a 1993 nude photograph of Bruni taken during her modelling career sold at auction for US$91,000 (€65,093) – more than 60 times the expected price.[9] She was a modeling subject of a 1999 trompe-l'œil wool-knit dress body painting by Joanne Gair that is included in Gair's second book, Body Painting: Masterpieces by Joanne Gair.[10]

1997–2005: music career and debut album[edit]

Bruni with actor Vincent Perez at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival.

In 1997, Bruni quit the world of fashion to devote herself to music.[2] She sent her lyrics to Julien Clerc in 1999, based on which he composed six tracks on his 2000 album Si j'étais elle.[11]

In 2002, her debut album Quelqu'un m'a dit, produced by Louis Bertignac, was released in Europe with success in Francophone countries.[11] Three songs from the album appear in Hans Canosa's 2005 American film Conversations with Other Women,[12] the song Le Plus Beau du quartier was used in H&M's Christmas 2006 commercial, and the title track was featured in the 2003 movie Le Divorce[13] and in the 2009 movie (500) Days of Summer.[14] In January 2010, her song "L'amoureuse" was featured in an episode of NBC's Chuck, "Chuck vs. First Class".[15]

In 2004 Carla Bruni won an EBBA Award. Every year the European Border Breakers Awards (EBBA) recognize the success of ten emerging artists or groups who reached audiences outside their own countries with their first internationally released album.

In 2005, she wrote the lyrics for ten out of twelve songs for Louis Bertignac's new album Longtemps, and performed two duets with him on the album, Les Frôleuses and Sans toi.[16] In 2006, Bruni recorded "Those Little Things", an English-language translation of the Serge Gainsbourg song "Ces petits riens" for the tribute album Monsieur Gainsbourg Revisited. She took part in the opening ceremony of the 2006 Winter Olympics in a parade paying tribute to the Italian flag.

2006–2008: No Promises and Comme si de rien n'était[edit]

Her second album, No Promises containing poems by William Butler Yeats, Emily Dickinson, W. H. Auden, Dorothy Parker, Walter de la Mare, and Christina Rossetti, set to music, was released in January 2007.

She continued recording after her marriage. She released her third album Comme si de rien n'était on 11 July 2008. The songs are self-penned except for one rendition of "You Belong to Me" and another song featuring Michel Houellebecq's poem La Possibilité d'une île set to music.[17] Royalties from the album will be donated to unidentified charitable and humanitarian causes.[18]

2009–present: Little French Songs and other projects[edit]

Bruni sang for Nelson Mandela's 91st birthday on 18 July 2009 at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.[19]

In September 2009, she recorded a duet with Harry Connick, Jr. for the French edition of his album Your Songs. They sang The Beatles' song "And I Love Her."[20] The album was released in France on 26 October 2009.[21]

Following months of speculation, in a television interview broadcast on 23 November 2009, Bruni revealed that she had accepted a role in a forthcoming Woody Allen film. She admitted her reasoning for embarking on the Paris production; "I'm not an actress at all. Perhaps I'll be completely hopeless but I can't miss an opportunity like this one. When I'm a grandmother I'd like to be able to say I made a film with Woody Allen."[22][23] The film, Midnight in Paris, was released in 2011; Bruni appeared as a guide at the Musée Rodin, who discusses sculptor Auguste Rodin with the leading characters.

In January 2010, she was named in Tatler's top 10 best-dressed list.[24]

In September 2010, she contributed a cover of David Bowie's "Absolute Beginners" for the War Child charity record We Were So Turned On: A Tribute to David Bowie (Manimal Vinyl). They also released the track as a split 7" vinyl split with UK legends, Duran Duran.[25]

Italian singer/songwriter Simone Cristicchi's entry in the 2010 San Remo Italian Song Festival was the song "Meno Male," with the chorus lyrics of "Meno male che c'è Carla Bruni" ("Thank goodness for Carla Bruni"). The song appears to mock Bruni and her husband, but Cristicchi stated in an interview for Italian television weekly TV Sorrisi e Canzoni "I use sarcasm to explain our Italian way of always wanting to follow any type of gossip without being interested in real problems."[26] Bruni was to be a guest singer at the 2010 San Remo festival but withdrew from participating.[27]

In April 2013 Bruni's fourth album Little French Songs was released.

In September 2017, Bruni, along with models Claudia Schiffer, Naomi Campbell, Helena Christensen and Cindy Crawford, closed the Versace spring/summer 2018 fashion show, which was an homage to the late Gianni Versace.[28]

First Lady of the French Republic[edit]

Following Bruni's marriage to President Nicholas Sarkozy on 2 February, 2008, she moved into the Elysee Palace for the remainder of Sarkozy's five-year term. Bruni was given an office on the east wing of the Elysee Palace which was known as "Madame's wing" and was rewarded a private secretary.[29]

Although constitutionally, Bruni has no official role within government, she assisted her husband with a number of official obligations. She also accompanied Sarkozy on state visits, most notably, The United Kingdom, where her presence led to the visit being widely publicized.[30] Bruni also accompanied Sarkozy on a state visit to meet the Dalai Lama in August 2008.[31]

In 2008, Bruni caused controversy where she spoke in favor of Marina Petrella, an Italian far left terrorist, not being extradited. Petrella had murdered a police commissioner and assisted in the kidnapping of Italian politician, Aldo Moro. Petrella had been living in France since 1993 and had not been extradited due to the Mitterrand doctrine. Sarkozy eventually chose to not extradite Petrella.[32]

Bruni has represented The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria numerous times as an ambassador and has visited Burkina Faso and Benin while representing the organisation.[33][34][35]

In 2010, Forbes magazine ranked Bruni as the 35th most powerful woman in the world.[36]

Personal life[edit]

Political Views[edit]

Nicholas Sarkozy and Carla Bruni leaving the Elysee Palace, 15 May, 2012

Bruni's political views have been inconsistent over the years though she defines herself as left-wing. She has defended Nicholas Sarkozy and the UMP numerous times since becoming the First Lady of France and leaving the office.

During the 2007 French Presidential Election, Bruni stated that she would have voted for Ségolène Royal who was running against her future husband, Nicholas Sarkozy. Bruni said her lack of French Citizenship disallowed her from voting but she would have voted left wing due to it being family tradition.[37] While being interviewed by the British Newspaper The Sunday Herald, Bruni said "My family have always voted to the left, It's tradition. I'll never vote right wing."[38]

In an interview with the newspaper Le Point, Bruni said when asked about her political leanings "I am left wing, but I'm not against my husband or his party. I am not an activist." In another interview with The Parisian in 2011, Bruni said she no longer felt left wing and identified as an ultra-Sarkozyist.[39]

Bruni does not identify as a feminist, telling Vogue Magazine "my generation doesn't need feminism...I'm not at all an active feminist. On the contrary, I'm a bourgeois."[40]

She is in favor of same-sex marriage and adoption.[41][42]

Marriage to Nicolas Sarkozy[edit]

Carla Bruni with Michelle Obama, 3 April 2009

Bruni met the recently divorced French president and Co-Prince of Andorra Nicolas Sarkozy in November 2007, at a dinner party.[43] After a brief romance they married on 2 February 2008 at the Élysée Palace in Paris. The marriage is Bruni's first and Sarkozy's third. Bruni obtained French nationality not long afterwards.[1] She has since made contradictory statements as to whether she still holds Italian citizenship as well.[44] On the 28 April 2014 episode of the Ellen DeGeneres Show, she confirmed that she still holds Italian citizenship.[45]

Following her marriage to Sarkozy, in February 2008, Bruni continued accompanying him on state visits, including to the United Kingdom in March 2008, which created a sensation in the international press and for the public in both Britain and France.[46] She had an office and staff at her disposal in the East wing of the Élysée Palace.[47]

There was controversy on the eve of the state visit to the UK, with the publication by Christie's auction house of a nude photograph of Bruni taken during her career as a model.[48] The photograph sold for $91,000.[49] There was also great interest in Bruni's wardrobe, which was Christian Dior, seen as a diplomatic choice, being a French design house designed by John Galliano, a British designer.[50] Another controversy was the use of a popular photo of the French President and Bruni in the print advertising of Ryanair. The couple was awarded damages by a French court[51] which they donated to Les Restos du Cœur, an organisation that provides meals to the homeless.

In December 2008, Bruni sued the makers of a bag featuring a nude shot taken during her youth. Clothes designer Pardon has produced 10,000 of the shopping bags emblazoned with the nude photo taken in 1993, showing Bruni staring at the camera with her crossed hands covering her crotch.[52]

On 19 October 2011, Bruni gave birth to a daughter, Giulia, in the Clinique de la Muette, in Paris.[53]

Philanthropy and charity work[edit]

Bruni at the 2009 NATO summit, 4 April 2009.

Involved for years in humanitarian and charity work, Carla Bruni-Sarkozy became world ambassador for the protection of mothers and children against HIV in 2008.[54] In April 2009, she launched the Fondation Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, to promote access to culture and knowledge for all.[55][56]

In a letter of support to the association People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), she took a position against fur in fashion.[57]

Carla Bruni-Sarkozy is involved in various charitable activities. She gave her royalties for her album Comme si de rien n’était to the Fondation de France,[58][59] and supports different events or causes, such as the Born HIV Free campaign,[60] animal rights,[61][62] the Nelson Mandela foundation, the French association AIDES for AIDS research, the French association La Chaîne de l'Espoir or the association Warchild UK. She also participated in a concert with Stevie Wonder and Aretha Franklin for the 91st birthday of Nelson Mandela,[63][64] and recorded a song for the album We Were So Turned On: A Tribute to David Bowie.[65] She is involved in the promotion of young artists, and did a duet with French singer Marc Lavoine for the Prix Constantin, an annual French music prize awarded to newer artists.[66][67] Bruni met the Dalai Lama in August 2008 at Lerab Ling, a Buddhist temple on a hill in Languedoc, France.[68] Bruni received Pope Benedict XVI during his visit to France in September 2008.[69]

Bruni visited New York City in September 2008 with her husband, where she attended a meeting on poverty and female mortality with Queen Rania and Wendi Murdoch, met for lunch with First Lady Laura Bush at the Metropolitan Museum of Art for the Symposium on Advancing Global Literacy and attended the General Assembly in the UN with her husband.[70]

She attended state dinners with the Emir of Qatar and wife and with Iraq's president in Paris in 2009. She and Sheikha Mozah (wife of Emir of Qatar) will be working together on the topic of education promotion.[71] Bruni visited Doha on invitation of Sheikha Mozah in November 2009.[71] Bruni took up the cause of an Iranian woman, Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani, fighting a death penalty by stoning.[72][73]

In April 2009, Bruni was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III on the occasion of the couple's Spanish State Visit.[74] In January 2010, Bruni visited Benin, her second visit as ambassador for The Global Fund.[75] She also received Haitian orphans who survived the Haiti 2010 earthquake and were adopted by French families.[76]

She was critical of Pope Benedict XVI on the controversial topic of religion and AIDS.[77] According to Le Canard Enchainé, Bruni was asked by Vatican officials not to join her husband in an official visit for fear that the Italian newspapers would reprint racy pictures dating from her modelling career.[78]

In late August 2010, Iran's state-run daily paper Kayhan called Bruni-Sarkozy a 'prostitute' after she had condemned the stoning sentence against Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani for adultery in an open letter, along with several French celebrities.[79] The paper later also called for Bruni to be put to death for supporting Sakineh Ashtiani, and for what the paper described as Bruni's moral corruption and having had extra-marital affairs herself. Even though Kayhan is a state-sponsored paper and it continued its tirade against Bruni along with other state-run Iranian media, Iranian officials tried to distance themselves from that violent stance and openly condemned it, while a spokesman for the French Foreign Ministry criticized the comments as being 'unacceptable'.[80] President Ahmedinejad also condemned the remark made by the paper.[81]

The Enthovens[edit]

While living with journalist Jean-Paul Enthoven (fr), Bruni started an affair with his son, philosophy professor Raphaël Enthoven (the song "Raphaël" from Bruni's album Quelqu'un m'a dit is named after him), who was at the time married to novelist Justine Lévy, daughter of philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy.[82] Bruni later denied ever having an affair, in an interview published in Vanity Fair, "I never slept with him, not even a minute."[2]

The affair and the end of her marriage inspired Justine's 2004 book Rien de Grave (published in English in 2005 as Nothing Serious).[83]

Bruni and Raphaël had a son, Aurélien, in 2001. Bruni told Vanity Fair that the couple broke up in May 2007 because Raphaël thought their relationship did not have a commitment.[2]

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1994 Prêt-à-Porter Herself Uncredited
1998 Paparazzi Herself
2009 Somebody Told Me About. . . Carla Bruni Herself 80-minute documentary film[84]
2011 Midnight in Paris Museum guide Directed by Woody Allen[85]
Nominated—Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Ensemble Cast
Nominated—Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Ensemble Acting
Nominated—San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Performance by an Ensemble
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture

Honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Carla Bruni a obtenu sa naturalisation – Le Figaro, 9 July 2008
  2. ^ a b c d e Orth, Maureen (September 2008). "Paris Match". Vanity Fair: 2. 
  3. ^ Carla Bruni became Aids ambassador because brother died from diseaseThe Daily Telegraph, 1 December 2008
  4. ^ Carla Bruni-Sarkozy et ses ancêtres français
  5. ^ (in French) "Bruni-Tedeschi, de la saga à la telenovela". Libération. 4 February 2008. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Carla Bruni". Fashion Insider. 7 June 2007. Archived from the original on 11 January 2008. Retrieved 7 January 2008. 
  7. ^ (in Italian) Il padre naturale di Carla Bruni: "Vi racconto il legame con mia figlia", La Repubblica, 9 January 2008.
  8. ^ Bernhard, Brendan (2 February 2007). "The Supermodel School of Poetry". New York Sun. 
  9. ^ "Nude photo of French first lady sells in New York for $91,000". International Herald Tribune. Bloomberg L.P. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2008. 
  10. ^ Gair, Plates section
  11. ^ a b Biography – Carla Bruni Archived 1 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine. – RFI, July 2008
  12. ^ Conversations with Other Women (2005) – SoundtracksIMDb
  13. ^ Le divorce (2003) – SoundtracksIMDb
  14. ^ (500) Days of Summer (2009) – SoundtracksIMDb
  15. ^ "Chuck": Chuck Versus First Class (2010) – SoundtracksIMDb
  16. ^ Louis Bertignac – Longtemps – Discogs
  17. ^ Bremner, Charles (21 May 2008). "Carla Bruni's new pot song". The Times. UK. Archived from the original on 28 May 2008. 
  18. ^ Brandle, Lars (21 May 2008). "Bruni's 'Promises' To Arrive This Summer". Billboard. 
  19. ^ Bruni sings at NY Mandela concertBBC News, 19 July 2009
  20. ^ Le duo de Carla et Harry Connick Jr (French), parismatch.com, 26 September 2009
  21. ^ Harry Connick Jr – Nouvel album « Your Songs » – Sortie le 26 octobre Archived 7 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (French), Sony Columbia France on MySpace
  22. ^ Carla Bruni accepts Woody Allen film proposal The Guardian. 24 November 2009
  23. ^ Johnny Hallyday following Carla Bruni into films The Telegraph. 25 November 2009
  24. ^ Daily Mail 30 January 2010 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-1247415/Whos-new-Tatler-girl-Unknowns-make-mark-style-bibles-best-dressed-Top-10--including-girl-loves-Harrods-doughnuts.html
  25. ^ Boys keep swinging – Duran Duran / Absolute beginners – Carla Bruni – Music on Vinyl, 16 February 2011
  26. ^ Simone Cristicchi – Secondo me son tutti matti Archived 24 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine. TV Sorrisi e Canzoni. 10 February 2010
  27. ^ Carla Bruni withdraws from festival 'over Sarkozy song' The Telegraph. 2 February 2010
  28. ^ https://www.vogue.com/fashion-shows/spring-2018-ready-to-wear/versace
  29. ^ "Confidentiel : Carla prend ses quartiers à l'Élysée". Le Figaro (in French). 2008-04-03. ISSN 0182-5852. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  30. ^ magazine, Le Point,. "Archives - Le Point.fr". Le Point.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  31. ^ lefigaro.fr. "Le Figaro - Politique : Carla Bruni-Sarkozyaccueillie par le dalaï-lama". www.lefigaro.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  32. ^ "Non siamo un paese di barbari - Corriere della Sera". www.corriere.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  33. ^ "Wikiwix's cache". archive.wikiwix.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2009. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
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  35. ^ "Carla Bruni-Sarkozy n'est «pas prête pour une carrière politique»". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  36. ^ "Wikiwix's cache". archive.wikiwix.com. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  37. ^ "Carla Bruni : "Je voterai toujours à gauche"". L'Obs (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  38. ^ Lemarié, Alexandre (2011-10-20). "Carla Bruni-Sarkozy réaffirme sa volonté de voir son mari". Le Monde.fr (in French). ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  39. ^ "Carla Bruni-Sarkozy : «Je suis ultra-sarkozyste»". leparisien.fr. 2011-05-02. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  40. ^ "Carla Bruni: Feminism Is Unnecessary". Jan 29, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Carla Bruni Talks Feminism & Why She Disagrees With Nicolas Sarkozy On Gay Marriage". November 27, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Carla Bruni-Sarkozy states she supports gay marriage and adoption". November 25, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2017. 
  43. ^ France begins to grow weary with the Sarkozy soap operaThe Guardian, 13 January 2008
  44. ^ Carla Bruni Sarkozy: son pays, elle l'aime... mais elle le quitte! Archived 21 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. – Marianne 17 January 2009 (in French)
  45. ^ Carla Bruni Meets Ellen, 28 April 2014
  46. ^ BBC News In Pictures – Carla Bruni-SarkozyBBC News, 27 March 2008
  47. ^ (in French) Confidentiel : Carla prend ses quartiers à l'ÉlyséeLe Figaro, 3 April 2008
  48. ^ Think THIS image of Carla is racy? You should see the ones I didn't publish, says photographerDaily Mail, 27 March 2008
  49. ^ Nude Bruni photo sells for $91,000 in auction – Reuters, 11 April 2008
  50. ^ Carla Bruni styled by Englishman John Galliano – Daily Telegraph, 27 March 2008
  51. ^ Carla Bruni awarded damages from Ryanair – Telegraph, 7 February 2008
  52. ^ French first lady Carla Bruni-Sarkozy sues bag makers Pardon over nude imageThe Daily Telegraph, 12 December 2008.
  53. ^ Carla Bruni-Sarkozy et sa fille Giulia sont sorties de la clinique de la Muette, Le Point, 23 October 2011.
  54. ^ Charles Jaigu, « Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, porte-voix des victimes du sida », Le Figaro, 2 December 2008.
  55. ^ Charles Jaigu, Carla Sarkozy en mission pour sa foundation, Le Figaro, 23 September 2009.
  56. ^ « Interview exclusive de Carla Bruni-Sarkozy : « une fondation, ça n'a rien à voir avec la politique », La Tribune, 24 April 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2009
  57. ^ Stephanie Green et Elizabeth Glover, "Green & Glover : The Great Fur Challenge", The Washington Times, 11 June 2009
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  59. ^ "Carla Bruni offre 238,000 euros à la Fondation de France". nouvelobs.com. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  60. ^ Actions Traitements. "Born HIV free avec le soutien de Carla Bruni-Sarkozy". Actions-traitements.org. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  61. ^ "Carla Bruni soutient les défenseurs de l'ours des Pyrénées". Melty.fr. 18 August 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  62. ^ e-TF1. "Carla Bruni-Sarkozy défend l'ours dans les Pyrénées". Lci.tf1.fr. Archived from the original on 21 December 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  63. ^ "Un Mandela Day pour les 91 ans de Nelson Mandela". Culture.france2.fr. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  64. ^ Stars come out to celebrate Mandela Day 2009, nme.com; accessed 31 July 2016.(in English)
  65. ^ « Carla Bruni chante David Bowie ».
  66. ^ "Culture : Carla Bruni invitée surprise du Prix Constantin". nouvelobs.com. Archived from the original on 17 November 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  67. ^ "Carla Bruni invitée surprise du Prix Constantin" (in French). Voici.fr. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  68. ^ "Carla saves the day for Sarkozy by solving Dalai Lama dilemma", The Times, 23 August 2008
  69. ^ Pope begins first visit to France, BBC News, 12 September 2008.
  70. ^ "Carla in New York". Carlabruniblog.blogspot.com. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  71. ^ a b Doha, first official visit to Qatar Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. – Carla Bruni-Sarkozy official Website
  72. ^ "Carla Bruni soutient Sakineh". Le Monde (in French). 24 August 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  73. ^ "Carla Bruni écrit à Sakineh". Lejdd.fr. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  74. ^ Madrid:State Visit (27 and 28 April 2009) Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. – Carla Bruni-Sarkozy official Website
  75. ^ On the red carpet with Carla Bruni-Sarkozy in BeninThe Guardian, 27 January 2010.
  76. ^ "Carla Bruni shows maternal side as she welcomes Haitian orphans to France", Daily Mail, 23 January 2010.
  77. ^ Samuel, Henry (18 May 2009). "Carla Bruni criticises Pope Benedict XVI". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  78. ^ Samuel, Henry (14 October 2010). "Pope Benedict XVI 'says Carla Bruni-Sarkozy not welcome at the Vatican'". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  79. ^ Ian Black, Middle East editor (31 August 2010). "Iranian media warned after paper calls Carla Bruni-Sarkozy a 'prostitute'". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  80. ^ "Iranian newspaper says French first lady deserves to die". CNN. 2 September 2010. 
  81. ^ "Ahmadinejad says Bruni insult a 'crime'", The Sydney Morning Herald, 19 September 2010.
  82. ^ (in French) When Carla Bruni broke hearts – Gala, Eliane Georges, 17 August 2005
  83. ^ John Follain, Nicolas Sarkozy and Carla Bruni: Coup de foudre, Times Online, 23 December 2007
  84. ^ The Carla Bruni and Nicolas Sarkozy show The Times. 28 December 2008
  85. ^ Allen reveals details of upcoming pic Variety. 22 April 2010
  86. ^ Carla Bruni, chevalier des Arts et des Lettres
  87. ^ "Noblesse et Royautés" website, Article Archived 1 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine. & Photo Archived 29 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  88. ^ Carla Bruni Sarkozy reçoit la Grand Croix au Bénin

Further reading[edit]

  • Gair, Joanne; Klum, Heidi (foreword), (2006). Body Painting: Masterpieces by Joanne Gair. Universe Publishing. plates section. ISBN 0-7893-1509-2. 

External links[edit]