Carlisle railway station

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Carlisle National Rail
Carlisle Citadel
Carlisle Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 958854.jpg
Location
Place Carlisle
Local authority City of Carlisle
Coordinates 54°53′28″N 2°56′02″W / 54.891°N 2.934°W / 54.891; -2.934Coordinates: 54°53′28″N 2°56′02″W / 54.891°N 2.934°W / 54.891; -2.934
Grid reference NY401555
Operations
Station code CAR
Managed by Virgin Trains
Owned by Network Rail
Number of platforms 8
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2012/13 Decrease 1.770 million
– Interchange  Decrease 0.320 million
2013/14 Increase 1.815 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.327 million
2014/15 Increase 1.909 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.351 million
2015/16 Decrease 1.833 million
– Interchange  Increase0.353 million
2016/17 Increase 1.856 million
– Interchange  Decrease0.343 million
History
Original company Caledonian Railway/Lancaster and Carlisle Railway joint
Pre-grouping Caledonian Railway/London and North Western Railway joint
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1 September 1847 Opened as Carlisle Citadel
1875 Extended
(after 1948) Renamed Carlisle
Listed status
Listed feature Citadel Station
Listing grade Grade II* listed
Entry number 1196969[1]
Added to list 13 November 1972
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Carlisle from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Carlisle railway station, also known as Carlisle Citadel station, is a Grade II* listed[1] railway station serving the city of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, and is a major station on the West Coast Main Line, lying 102 miles (164 km) south east of Glasgow Central, and 299 miles (481 km) north north west of London Euston. It is also the northern terminus of the celebrated Settle and Carlisle Line – notionally (and historically) a continuation of the Midland Main Line from Leeds, Sheffield and ultimately London St Pancras.

During September 1847, the first services departed the station, even though construction would not be completed until the following year. It was built in a neo-Tudor style in accordance with the designs produced by the English architect William Tite; much of this architecture remains in the present day.[2] Originally, Carlisle Station was operated as just one of a number of stations present in the city – the others being at Crown Street and London Road – but quickly became the dominant station as early as 1851. Its predecessors had their passenger services redirected to it and were eventually closed. Between 1875 and 1876, the station was expanded and extended significantly in order to better accommodate the arrival of the Midland Railway, which became the seventh different railway company to serve it upon their arrival. This occasion would mark the last major restructuring of the facility.

The Beeching cuts of the 1960s affected Carlisle Station, particularly via two significant rail closures, these being the former North British Railway lines to Silloth, closed on 7 September 1964, and Edinburgh via Galashiels, the Waverley Line, closed on 6 January 1969. The closure programme also claimed other neighbouring lines, including the Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway and Portpatrick Railway (the "Port Road") in 1965, resulting in a significant mileage increase via the Glasgow South Western Line & Ayr to reach Stranraer Harbour, and thus Northern Ireland. The layout of the station has undergone few changes of any significance other than the singling of the ex-NER Tyne Valley route down to London Road Junction as part of the 1972–73 re-signalling scheme, which was associated with the electrification of the West Coast Main Line (WCML). Renovations to both the platform and the glass room of Carlisle Station was performed between 2015 and 2018.

History[edit]

Construction and early operations[edit]

On the edge of England’s border with Scotland, the city of Carlisle become an important railway interchange during the first half of the nineteenth century.[3] During 1836, Carlisle’s first station was opened at London Road for the recently-established Newcastle and Carlisle Railway; seven years later, another was built at Crown Street for the Maryport & Carlisle Railway. During the mid-1840s, work commenced on the construction of what would become ‘’Carlisle Citadel Station’’, located on the south side of Court Square; it was initially intended to service two further lines, these being the Lancaster & Carlisle Railway and the Caledonian Railway.[3]

Carlisle Station was designed by the accomplished English architect William Tite; he developed a design for the structure which incorporated a mixture of both Tudor and Gothic styles into its aesthetics.[3] Built at a cost of £53,000, it was constructed between 1846 and 1848. On 10 September 1847, it was officially opened to rail traffic, even though a significant amount of construction work was still incomplete and only one long through platform with a bay at each end had been finished by that point.[3]

The main buildings of the station form a multi-bay sandstone facade of around two storeys, capped by rows of slate roofs positioned at differing levels around the structure.[3] The entrance portico is supported by an arrangement of five pointed arches, complete with reinforcing buttresses placed between. In a deliberate flourish, a unique roundel is present over each of these arches; the central of the roundels bears the royal arms of Queen Victoria, flanked by those of the Lancaster & Carlisle and the Caledonian Railway companies; however, the outer plaques are blank, as these were intended for the Maryport & Carlisle and the Newcastle and Carlisle companies, who did not contribute towards the cost of the station's construction.[3]

As a consequence of the station’s operations having to fairly accommodate for the complex timetables being operated under the auspices of two different railway companies, a number that would ultimately rise to seven operating companies, a joint management committee was soon established to oversee operations.[3] On 10 May 1857, the Carlisle Citadel Station Agreement was drawn up; it was eventually established under the Carlisle Citadel Station Act of 22 July 1861. The committee was populated by a total of eight directors, four each being drawn from the boards of the Caledonian and the London and North Western Railway (L&NWR) companies, the latter of which having absorbed the Lancaster & Carlisle company during 1859.[3]

For the purpose of improving freight services at Carlisle Station, the Carlisle Goods Traffic Committee was formed shortly after the issuing of the Carlisle Citadel Station Act of 1873.[3] London & North Western, Midland, Caledonian and Glasgow & South Western each had two directors to represent them on this committee. Primarily as a means of minimising the danger to passengers, a goods avoidance line was constructed to divert freight trains around the station.[3]

Expansion and later service[edit]

A 1912 Railway Clearing House Junction Diagram showing railways in the vicinity of Carlisle (shown here as CITADEL STATION)

The Carlisle Citadel Station Act had authorised a number of changes which affected the station, not being restricted to freight alone, including a general instruction for the "enlarging and improving facilities" at the station.[3] Accordingly, a first series of expansion works were conducted between 1873 and 1876; a second phase of construction activity followed between 1878 and 1881. Amid the expansion and refurbishment efforts, the opening of the Midland Railway's iconic Settle–Carlisle line had the consequence of generating additional freight trains, commencing in August 1875, and passenger services, starting in April 1876, at Carlisle Station.[3]

On 20 July 1881, these improvements to the station were deemed to have been officially completed.[3] By this point, Carlisle Station was being used by a total of seven railway companies, these being the London and North Western, London North Eastern, Midland, Caledonian, North British, Glasgow & South Western and Maryport & Carlisle. To complicate matters further, each of these companies chose to operate its own passenger amenities, along with separated booking and parcels offices which, despite being on the same site, were technically considered to be independent from one another.[3][4]

Additional tracks, buildings and platforms were constructed at Carlisle Station, including a new island between the tracks, complete with two-storey buildings and a platform on each side, which increased the number of 400 meter-long through platforms at the station to three.[3] Additionally, five new terminal bay platforms were constructed, along with an overarching footbridge which connected the through platforms inside the train shed. Below the platforms, an undercroft is present, which contains a network of passageways, offices, service rooms and staff accommodation; parts of the underground areas have been often said to be haunted.[3]

Perhaps the most visually-striking element of the upgrade programme was the installation of a large roof, composed largely of iron and glass, stretching behind the station buildings.[3] As originally build, this roof spanned roughly 85 meters across the platforms and tracks alike to cover an area in excess of 2.6 hectares. The structure consisted of 26 deep lattice girders, which possessed a transverse span and 12.2 meter centres; each girder featured 10 panels, stiffened end posts and a flat bottom tie.[3] The girders supported a series of slender balanced cantilever half-truss hooped beams at approximately 3.7m centres, spanning along the tracks. The ornate timber end screens featured Gothic-style glazing bars. The whole roof was glazed using shingled panels, possibly making use of Rendel’s patented Indestructible System, and was designed by Edinburgh-based engineering firm Blyth & Cunningham.[3][4]

Twentieth century[edit]

During 1922, the seven operating companies then-present at the station were absorbed into the London Midland & Scottish Railway (LMS) Company as a consequence of the Railways Act 1921 .[3] During the Second World War, it was decided to apply black paint over the roof glazing as a precautionary measure against enemy air raids. Nevertheless, a lack of preventative maintenance gradually led to large areas of the stations’ extensive glass roof declining into an unsafe condition, forcing occasional platform closures in response to instances of falling panes.[3]

In response to the declining condition of the glass roof, it was decided during 1957 to reduce the area of the roof and to concentrate maintenance activities upon the remaining area.[4] As such, between 1957 and 1958, work was undertaken to disassemble and permanently remove the south-western half of the station’s roof, along with portions of its north-eastern half and all of the end screens.[3] In addition, the original glass panes of the remaining sections of the roof were replaced by much large patent glazing panels.[4] Despite these alterations, the substantial supporting wall located to the south-western side of the station along the far side of the tracks, was left in place.[3] This wall, which is composed of sandstone, is linked back to the main buildings by a series of arched tunnels within the undercroft of the station.[4]

During November 1972, Carlisle Station received Grade II* listed status; its citation notes: "The building by Tite is among the most important early major railway stations in Britain". In April 2994, the now-freestanding retaining wall (NY401555 to NY403553) was also listed separately as Grade II.[3]

Restorations[edit]

Between October 2010 and March 2011, a series of improvements were performed at Carlisle Station, focused upon its passenger amenities, such as the waiting, meeting and seating areas. From 13 July 2013 to 7 April 2014, as part of a £1.5 million refurbishment project, accessibility at the station was improved via the refurbishment of the lifts and other alterations to achieve step-free access to all of the platforms. In conjunction, a formerly-disused subway was also renovated.[3]

According to rail industry publication Rail Engineer, it was clear by 2014 that the station’s roof was in need of restoration.[4] The steel trusses were found to have been sagging in places, which was speculated to have been a result not only of the structure’s age but also come as a consequence of the alterations performed during the 1950s, having been exacerbated by the adoption of rigid glazing and insufficient drainage systems. Multiple panels have cracked or broken, resulting in the deployment of several nets to catch falling glass, while rain water often pooled in areas of the roof rather than draining away.[4] Furthermore, maintenance activities were complicated by a lack of access to the roof on the part of safety restrictions, preventing even routine cleaning, thus the panels were perpetually dirty and provided poor natural lighting conditions throughout the platforms.[4]

During November 2015, work commenced upon the repair and refurbishment of the station's roof, as well as the rebuilding of all eight platforms under a £14.7 million scheme that was managed and carried out by national rail infrastructure management company Network Rail.[5] This programme was planned by global design consulting firm Arcadis in close cooperation with both Historic England and Carlisle City Council; while the renovated roof was designed to incorporate modern elements and contemporary construction techniques, significant attention was reportedly paid to maintaining its historical aesthetic. The new roof is primarily composed of ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (EFTE) sheeting and aluminium frames, which is claimed to possess a high level of resistance to corrosion as well as retaining considerable strength and being far lighter than conventional glass panes; other benefits include the roof being shatter-proof and self-cleaning.[4] Construction company Galliford Try served as the principal contractor performing the roof replacement, while Vector Foiltec manufactured and fitted the EFTE sheets. It was also decided to repaint the metalwork of the roof, which was not originally included in the programme’s scope.[4][6]

During February 2018, a second phase of this renovation programme, which was focused upon the platforms themselves, was scheduled to commence.[4]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 6 June 1961, a light engine and a freight train collided under the Caldewgate road bridge.[7]
  • On 1 May 1984, a runaway freight train collided with and destroyed the River Caldew bridge at Dentonholme. This incident directly contributed to the decision to permanently close the goods line shortly thereafter.[8] However, the goods line was not dismantled; it has been speculated that it could be restored and re-opened to traffic one day, if the measure was to be deemed necessary for the relieve of freight congestion in the vicinity of the station.[3]

Facilities[edit]

Rail network in the Carlisle area
Up arrow Waverley Route to Edinburgh
Gretna Junction
Scotland
England
Gretna
Longtown
Longtown MOD Depot
Floriston
Lyneside
Harker
Rockcliffe
Kingmoor Marshalling Yard
Brunthill
Stainton
Etterby Junction
Port Carlisle Junction
Carlisle Kingmoor TMD
Willowholme Junction
Port Carlisle Branch Junction
Caldew Junction
Carlisle Citadel
Carlisle South Junction
Rome Street Junction
London Road Junction
Currock Junction
Upperby Junction
Upperby TMD
Upperby Bridge Junction
Brisco
Carlisle London Road
Wreay
Petteril Bridge Junction
LowerLeft arrow Settle–Carlisle line to Settle
Down arrow
Newcastle & Carlisle Railway
to Newcastle

The station is a fully staffed facility during normal hours; the booking office is typically manned each day from the start of services in the morning up until 20:00 in the evening. A number of ticket machines are also available in the booking hall, allowing tickets to be purchased even when the booking office is not in service.[9] To the north of the station’s portico, located directly between the main entrance and the station offices, is a square clock tower, furnished with an octagonal lantern; to the south of the portico are single-storey waiting and refreshment rooms. Interior details of these rooms included Tudor and Gothic-style fireplaces and linen-fold wood-panelled doors.[3]

Multiple waiting rooms are located on both of the station’s main platforms; additionally, there is a newsagents present upon the concourse and a buffet on platform three. Train running information is provided across the station in the form of auditory announcements over a public address system, along with a series of distributed digital display screens. In line with accessibility legislation, full step-free access is possible to all platforms on the station via ramps to the footbridge or lifts and subway.[9]

Layout and services[edit]

Station frontage

Long-distance services are operated by Virgin Trains, with the main routes being London EustonGlasgow Central and Scotland–Birmingham New Street-London Euston and TransPennine Express Scotland-Manchester. Caledonian Sleeper passengers from/to London Euston may also alight/board here. Northern operate local stopping services to Newcastle Central via the Tyne Valley Line, to Barrow-in-Furness via the Cumbrian Coast Line, and to Leeds via the scenic Settle–Carlisle Line. Abellio ScotRail also operate services to Glasgow Central via Dumfries and Kilmarnock. There are 8 platforms at the station in total – 3 through and 5 bays, organised as follows (from west to east):

  • Platform 1: Relief West Coast Main Line platform (bi-directional) and occasional Caledonian Sleeper - this is the normal north-bound West Coast Main Line platform
  • Platform 2: Cumbrian Coast Line bay
  • Platform 3: West Coast Main Line north-bound platform (bi-directional), mostly TransPennine Express north-bound. Also Glasgow South Western line services originating from the Tyne Valley Line
  • Platform 4: West Coast Main Line south-bound platform (bi-directional). Also Tyne Valley line services originating from the Glasgow South Western Line
  • Platform 5: Tyne Valley Line bay
  • Platform 6: Carlisle to Leeds Line (Settle and Carlisle line) bay
  • Platform 7: Scottish services to various destinations between Carlisle and Glasgow via the Glasgow South Western Line.*
  • Platform 8: Early morning services to Scotland.

There are stabling roads between Platforms 3 and 4 in the train shed, and a loop around Platform 1. There are several electrified sidings to the west of Platform 1. There are substantial buildings on both the western island and the main up platform on the east side, with the main station buffet on the former and the travel centre/ticket office and shop on the latter. Both main platforms have waiting rooms and toilets and are linked by a fully accessible footbridge.

Freight trains formerly used a goods line to the west to bypass the station, but this was closed in 1984 after a runaway rake of container wagons derailed at high speed on the River Caldew bridge at Dentonholme, damaging it beyond economic repair.[8] Nearly all freight services (apart from those running directly from the Cumbrian Coast Line toward the Tyne Valley Line or the Settle–Carlisle Line, or vice versa) now have to use one of the main platform lines when passing through the station, which can cause congestion at peak times.

2008[edit]

Service frequencies on each route varied – on Mondays to Saturdays there were trains every one or two hours to London and at least every hour to Birmingham, Glasgow and Edinburgh. First TransPennine Express operated seven trains per day to Manchester Airport and there was a basic hourly service to both Newcastle and Whitehaven but a less frequent one to Glasgow via Kilmarnock (eight trains per day), to Leeds (six trains per day M–F, seven SO) and to Barrow-in-Furness (seven).

On Sundays the service was hourly on the WCML (every two hours to all main destinations apart from Manchester) and to Newcastle but infrequent on the other routes (three trains to Leeds and Whitehaven, two to Kilmarnock and another two to Dumfries only). There were two summer-only DalesRail afternoon trains to Preston via Clitheroe but no service to Barrow.

The Up 'Caledonian' leaving Carlisle in 1960

2009[edit]

Service frequencies on the West Coast Main Line improved somewhat following the introduction of the new VHF timetable by Virgin Trains. From Mondays to Saturdays there were now trains every hour to London for much of the day (although one service from Euston no longer stopped here, running non-stop between Preston and Glasgow) and at least every hour to Birmingham, Glasgow and Edinburgh. First TransPennine Express operated seven trains per day to Manchester Airport and there was a basic hourly service to both Newcastle and Whitehaven but a less frequent one to Glasgow via Kilmarnock (eight trains per day), to Leeds (seven per day Mon–Sat since the May 2011 timetable alterations) and to Barrow-in-Furness (eight).

On Sundays the service was hourly on the WCML (every two hours to all main destinations apart from Manchester) and to Newcastle but infrequent on the other routes (three trains to Leeds and Whitehaven, two to Kilmarnock and another two to Dumfries only). There were two summer-only DalesRail afternoon trains to Preston via Clitheroe but no service to Barrow.

2018[edit]

The following trains call at Carlisle:

Virgin Trains[edit]

For most of the day Virgin Trains provide:-

  • One train per hour each way London Euston (direct route via Trent Valley) to Glasgow Central
  • One train per hour each way London Euston via Birmingham to Glasgow Central alternating with Edinburgh Waverley. This through service was a major change from the start of the 2013–14 timetable when the hourly London Euston-Birmingham-Wolverhampton service was combined with the hourly Birmingham to Glasgow/Edinburgh service.

[10]

TransPennine Express[edit]

Provide an hourly service Manchester Airport to Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central (alternating).

Abellio ScotRail[edit]

Provide the following service: Monday to Saturdays, There is an hourly service to Dumfries with a 2 hourly service to Glasgow Central via Kilmarnock. Sundays: There are 5 trains per day to Dumfries with 2 of these trains going to Glasgow Central.

Northern[edit]

Northern provide the following service:

  • One train per hour to Barrow (some afternoon & evening trains terminate at Whitehaven).[11]
  • One train per hour to Newcastle via Hexham (including Sundays). Some are through services between Newcastle and Glasgow South Western line destinations (or vice versa) using Abellio ScotRail units[12]
  • Eight trains per day to Leeds via Settle.[13]
  • Two trains per day to Dumfries.

Since May 2018, there are now five trains to Leeds on Sundays (including one through to Nottingham) plus a single DalesRail service to Blackpool North via Preston. A Sunday service along the Cumbrian Coast line to Barrow also began at the summer 2018 timetable change (the first since 1976) - eight trains now run to Barrow, plus a further five to Whitehaven only.

London North Eastern Railway (LNER)[edit]

LNER call at Carlisle a couple of weekends a year when the ECML line is closed for any engineering work, They provide mainly hourly service to London King's Cross and Edinburgh Waverley, These trains are irregular and only operate a few times a year.

Caledonian Sleeper[edit]

All Caledonian Sleeper services pass through Carlisle once a night except Saturdays (and engineering diversions) on their journey between London Euston and several Scottish destinations. Passengers may only board the London-bound service from Glasgow Central/Edinburgh Waverley, or only alight services in the opposite direction. Services from/to London Euston to/from Aberdeen, Inverness and Fort William run as a separate train that runs through Carlisle without a scheduled stop.

Adverse weather in 2015-16[edit]

All services toward Glasgow & Edinburgh over the WCML were suspended due to flood-related damage to the River Clyde bridge at Lamington (caused by Storm Frank). A limited number of trains to & from Glasgow were being diverted via Dumfries, whilst most others were replaced by express coaches. Repair work was initially expected to take at least 4 weeks to complete and services were not expected to restart over the structure until March 2016.[14] Following better than expected weather conditions and delivery of key components earlier than planned, the work was completed ahead of schedule and trains resumed on 22 February 2016.[15] This follows on from previous disruption caused by Storm Desmond on 5–6 December 2015 - flooding just north of the station at the bridge over the River Caldew led to a temporary suspension of services to and from Scotland and subsequent major delays to trains for more than two weeks.

Services towards Newcastle & Leeds were also disrupted at the same time due to weather-related landslips near Corbridge and Armathwaite respectively. A replacement bus service ran between Hexham & Prudhoe whilst repairs were carried out on the Tyne Valley line.[16] The line reopened to traffic on 8 February 2016. Services on the Settle line still ran initially, but as only one line was available between Cotehill and Culgaith & capacity was therefore restricted, an emergency timetable was in operation with extended journey times and some trains being replaced by buses.[17] Further ground movement at the landslip site at Eden Brows led to the suspension of all services as far south as Appleby on 9 February 2016, as Network Rail engineers deemed that it was no longer safe to operate trains over the affected portion of line. The line remained closed for over a year whilst the damaged embankment was underpinned and stabilised, and the track and formation repaired.[18] Network Rail started work on the £23 million project to repair the embankment & formation in July 2016, with the line due to reopen on 31 March 2017.[19] The line reopened as planned on that date, with the first train departing on schedule at 05:50 and a special excursion train hauled by the preserved steam locomotive Flying Scotsman visiting the station later in the day.[20]

The 'Royal Scot' entering Carlisle in 1960

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historic England, "Citadel Station (1196969)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 January 2017 
  2. ^ The British Almanac. 1849. p. 247. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa “Carlisle Citadel Station.” ‘’engineering-timelines.com’’, Retrieved: 25 June 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Marsh, Stewart. “Lighter and brighter: Carlisle Citadel station is transformed.” ‘’railengineer.uk’’, 17 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Carlisle station to benefit from £14m investment." Network Rail, 24 November 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Work on Carlisle's railway station roof nears completion." newsandstar.co.uk, 24 February 2018.
  7. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 39. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
  8. ^ a b Rawlinson, R. "Cumbrian Railways Bog Junction to Willowholme Junction, Carlisle." cumbria-railways.co.uk, Retrieved: 25 July 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Carlisle station facilities." National Rail Enquiries, Retrieved: 5 December 2016.
  10. ^ GB National Rail Timetable May 2016 Edition, Table 65 (Network Rail)
  11. ^ GB NRT, Table 100
  12. ^ GB NRT, Table 48
  13. ^ GB NRT, Table 42
  14. ^ Work on Lamington Viaduct to continue throughout February Network Rail Media Centre; Retrieved 19 January 2016
  15. ^ "West Coast Mainline to reopen next Monday" Fallowfield, C; Cumbria Crack news article 15 February 2016
  16. ^ Railway between Hexham and Prudhoe will be closed for weeks after Corbridge landslip Riddell, Kathryn Newcastle Chronicle article 8 January 2016
  17. ^ Eden Brow Landslip - Settle to Carlisle Line closes again BBC News Cumbria article 9 February 2016; Retrieved 5 December 2016
  18. ^ "Railway between Carlisle and Appleby to be closed for months after major landslip" Network Rail Media Centre 12 February 2016; Retrieved 15 February 2016
  19. ^ £23m landslip repair set to reopen Settle-Carlisle railway line in March 2017Network Rail Media Centre; Retrieved 7 July 2016
  20. ^ Settle-Carlisle line reopens after repairs to major landslip Fallowfield, Carl, Cumbria Crack news article 31-03-2017; Retrieved 3 April 2017

Sources[edit]

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. 
  • Jowett, Alan (1993). Jowett's Atlas of Railway Centres: of Great Britain showing their development from the earliest times up to and including the 1990s - Volume 1 (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0420-4. OCLC 30919645. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Terminus   ScotRail
Glasgow South Western Line
  Gretna Green
Watford Junction   Caledonian Sleeper
Lowland Caledonian Sleeper
  Carstairs
Wetheral   Northern
Tyne Valley Line
  Terminus
Armathwaite   Northern
Settle-Carlisle Line
  Terminus
Terminus   Northern
Cumbrian Coast Line
  Dalston
Penrith
or
Oxenholme
  Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Lockerbie
or
Motherwell
or
Glasgow Central
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Haymarket
Penrith
or
Oxenholme
or
Lancaster
or
Preston
  TransPennine Express
TransPennine North West
  Lockerbie
or
Haymarket
or
Motherwell
or
Glasgow Central
  Historical railways  
Terminus   Caledonian Railway
CR Main Line
  Rockcliffe
Terminus   North British Railway
Border Union Railway
  Harker
Terminus   North British Railway
Carlisle and Port Carlisle Railway
and Dock Company
  Kirkandrews
Terminus   Maryport and Carlisle Railway   Cummersdale
Line open, station closed
Brisco   London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
  Terminus
Scotby   Midland Railway
Settle and Carlisle Line
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Scotby   North Eastern Railway
Newcastle and Carlisle Railway
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