|Cardinal, Archbishop emeritus of Bologna|
|Appointed||16 December 2003|
|Installed||15 February 2004|
|Term ended||27 October 2015|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini|
|Ordination||2 July 1961
by Guglielmo Bosetti
|Consecration||21 October 1995
by Giacomo Biffi
|Created Cardinal||24 March 2006
by Pope Benedict XVI
|Birth name||Carlo Caffarra|
1 June 1938 |
Samboseto di Busseto, Italy
|Coat of arms|
Carlo Caffarra (born 1 June 1938 in Busseto) is an Italian cardinal and Roman Catholic Archbishop emeritus of Bologna. He was educated at the Episcopal Seminary of Fidenza, Fidenza and the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, graduating with a doctorate in Canon law and has a diploma of specialization in moral theology. He was created Cardinal in the consistory of 24 March 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI.
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
He was ordained priest on 2 July 1961 in Rome. He then returned to his Diocese of Fidenza in 1965, where he was taught moral theology in the seminaries of Fidenza and Parma; and later, at the Studio Teologico bolognese; at the Università Cattolica in Milan; and at the Theological Faculty of Northern Italy, specialising in the moral doctrine of marriage and the bioethics concerning human procreation.
He taught medical ethics at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery in Università Cattolica's campus in Rome. He was a Member of the International Theological Commission from 1974–1984 he also held the position of Consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. He was the President of the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family in 1980 and founded sections of the same institute in the United States, Spain and Mexico.
He was named Archbishop of Ferrara-Comacchio on 8 September 1995 and consecrated on 21 October 1995 in the cathedral of Fidenza by Giacomo Biffi, Archbishop of Bologna, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, then an official in the Roman Curia, and Carlo Poggi, Bishop of Fidenza. He was appointed Archbishop of Bologna on 16 December 2003 and installed there on 15 February 2004.
Caffara is a noted opponent of contraception, In 1988, Caffara weighed the sin of condom use against acquiring the AIDS virus: "Even the smallest moral wrong is so much greater than any physical wrong. I know this is hard for some to accept when the dangers are great, but the church is here to combat moral wrongs." The next year he argued that condom campaigns further exposed society to AIDS because "the means of protection are far from reliable".
Caffarra was created cardinal by Pope Benedict XVI in the consistory of 24 March 2006, becoming the Cardinal-Priest of S. Ioannis Baptistae Florentinorum. On 6 May 2006 Pope Benedict XVI appointed him a member of the executive committee of the Pontifical Council for the Family .
In a note that Caffarra published on 14 February 2010, he wrote that "public officials who openly support same-sex marriage cannot consider themselves to be Catholic". He said: "It's impossible for the Catholic faith and support for putting homosexual unions on equal footing with marriage to coexist in one's conscience – the two contradict each other."
In September 2015, Pope Francis appointed Cardinal Caffarra to a five-year term as a member of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. His resignation as archbishop was accepted on 27 October 2015.
Caffarra, along with three other cardinals, has issued a request to Pope Francis, entitled "Seeking Clarity: A Plea to Untie the Knots in Amoris Laetitia", seeking clarification on various points of doctrine in the Pope's apostolic exhortation, Amoris laetitia. The cardinals had previously submitted dubia in private, but since he did not respond to these, the cardinals followed instructions in the Gospel of Matthew and issued this public letter. The first dubium is regarding reception of the sacraments by the divorced and remarried. The other four ask about fundamental issues of the Christian life, and reference Pope John Paul II's encyclical Veritatis splendor.
In June 2017 after seven months of not receiving a response from Pope Francis to their request that he clarify highly disputed parts in his apostolic exhortation Amoris Laetitia (The Joy of Love), four cardinals asked the Holy Father for an audience in April but the Pope has yet to respond, it has emerged. In an April 25 letter hand-delivered to the Holy Father on May 6, Cardinals Caffarra, Walter Brandmüller, Raymond Burke and Joachim Meisner wrote to Francis asking for an audience, having received no response to the dubia they sent him on Sept 2016.
- Suro, Roberto (29 January 1988). "Vatican and the AIDS Fight: Amid Worry, Papal Reticence". New York Times. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- "Vatican AIDS Meeting Hears O'Connor Assail Condom Use". New York Times. Associated Press. 14 November 1980. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- 'New Cardinals Get Curial Assignments' Zenit News Service, 7 May 2006
- The Boston Pilot, 17 February 2010 Archived 21 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- Allen Jr., John (27 October 2014). "Francis’ Pastoral Revolution rolls on with two big picks in Italy". Crux. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Carlo Caffarra at the Catholic Pages
- unofficial collection of Cardinal Caffarra's speeches
|Catholic Church titles|
|Archbishop of Bologna
16 December 2003 - 27 october 2015