Carlo Martelli (born December 12, 1935) is an English composer and viola player of Italian extraction who saw early success and high profile performances with his orchestral and chamber music concert works, but later turned to light music and film scores. He is particularly known for his idiomatic arrangements of music for strings.
He was born on December 12, 1935 in London, UK to an Italian father and an English mother, and brought up in Richmond, Surrey. From 1949, aged 13, he attended the Royal College of Music as a Junior Exhibitioner, studying with William Lloyd Webber. He joined full-time in 1952, studying composition with Bernard Stevens. Early works from this period scored for large forces include the Festival Overture and the Symphony No 1 (both scores now lost). But the composer considered his "Opus 1" to be the String Quartet of 1953. Further pieces followed during the 1950s, including the String Quartet No 2 (1954) and the Symphony No 2 (1955-6), which was premiered by the London Symphony Orchestra at a Society for the Promotion of New Music concert on 26 October 1957 at the Royal Festival Hall, conducted by Norman Del Mar. The Serenade for Strings was premiered at the Cheltenham Festival in 1958.
After leaving the RCM, Martelli became a professional viola player, performing with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra under Thomas Beecham and with the London Symphony Orchestra. Through his friendship with the Dutch-born British composer and conductor Gerard Schurmann he entered the world of film music with a series of scores during the 1960, the early examples in the horror genre for the Hammer film company.
The change in Martelli's fortunes came in the early 1960s. Policy changes at the BBC's 'Third Programme' resulted in his music, melodious and tonal as it was, being sidelined in favour of serial and avant-garde experimentation, and Martelli rapidly vanished from the schedules. In addition, he had taken on a tremendous workload as a film composer — to which burden was added the further strain of working as an uncredited assistant and 'ghost writer' for several other film composers. Martelli sometimes found himself working on two or three films at the same time. The most serious blow of all came in the early 1970s, when council workers unexpectedly emptied his storage space and mistakenly burnt all of his manuscripts.
After this disaster (which resulted in the only extant works being those that were already in print by the late 1950s) Martelli gave up composing for many years, and made a living as a freelance viola player. He was often seen playing in a string quartet which entertained diners at the original Pizza Express restaurant in London's Soho, and also at Kettner's in Soho on Sunday evenings. This led to work arranging popular songs for string quartet and then to over 250 string arrangements from all areas of the musical canon. As these became more intricate they eventually heralded a return to original composition in the 1980s. Persiflage (1983), which means "banter", is a showcase of string technique. This, and other original pieces such as Aubade (1984) and Promenade (1985), shifted the focus towards light music and received broadcasts and performances by the BBC Concert Orchestra.
More recent works include two operas: A Monkey's Paw (1990), based on a short story by W.W. Jacobs, and the children's opera, The Curse of Christopher Columbus (1992). There is also the Prelude and Fugue for 18 Violas (1993), written for the National Youth Orchestra and later rescored for string sextet. His Jubilee March, a pastiche of English march tunes, was composed for the Queen's Golden Jubilee and premiered at Glamis Castle during 2002.
- Festival Overture (c 1952 - score lost)
- Symphony No 1 (c 1952 - score lost)
- String Quartet No 1 (1953)
- String Quartet No 2 (1954)
- Serenade for Strings, op.5 (1955)
- Symphony No 2 (1955-56)
- Terzetto for two violins and viola (1956)
- Shredni Vashtar for narrator, boy soprano and orchestra (after Saki) (1956)
- Quartet for flute, oboe, viola and bassoon (1958)
- Fiesta Overture for orchestra (1959).
- Persiflage (1983)
- Aubade (1984)
- Promenade (1985)
- A Monkey's Paw, opera (1990)
- The Curse of Christopher Columbus, children's opera (1992)
- Prelude and Fugue for 18 Violas (1993) (also for string sextet)
- Jubilee March (2002)
- Celebration Day (2005)
- Tonnage Oxygen (1963) (documentary short)
- The Ceremony (1963, uncredited) (with Gerard Schurmann)
- Dr Syn (1963, uncredited)
- Witchcraft (1964)
- Do You Know This Voice? (1964)
- The Curse of the Mummy's Tomb (1964)
- The Bedford Incident (1965 uncredited) (with Gerard Schurmann)
- Catacombs (1965)
- The Murder Game (1965)
- Who Killed the Cat? (1966)
- Attack on the Iron Coast (1967, uncredited)
- Prehistoric Women (1967)
- It! (1967)
- Lost Continent (1968, uncredited) (with Gerard Schurmann)
- The Break-in (short, 1999) (with Christopher Slaski)
- The Asylum (2000) (with Christopher Slaski)
- JimQ (2014-05-26). "Carlo Martelli". Soundtrack. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
- 'Young Composer's Achievement', The Times, 28 October 1957, p 5
- Conway, Paul. 'Carlo Martelli: A Gifted Musician' at MusicWeb International
- '13 New British Works' in The Manchester Guardian, 3 April 1958, p 3
- Broadbent & Dunn, music publishers
- 'Carlo Martelli: String Chamber Music Recording', Land of Lost Content
- Notes to English String Miniatures, Volume 3, Naxos
- Radio Times Issue 3182, 1 November, 1984, p 74
- Radio Times Issue 3334, 15 October 1987
- Conway, Paul. 'Review' in Tempo, Vol. 66, No. 259, January 2012, pp. 89-91
- British Celebration Vol 4, Heritage HTGCD165 (2021)
- Dutton Epoch CDLX7270 (2011)
- English String Miniatures, Vol 3, Naxos 8.555069 (2001)
- Discardia DISCA002 (2013)