Carlo Poerio

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Carlo Poerio (1803-April 28, Naples - 1867, Florence) was an Italian poet, Risorgimento and 1848 Revolution activist, politician, and brother of Alessandro Poerio.

Early life and 1848[edit]

In 1815 he and his brother accompanied their father, who had been a supporter of the French-imposed King of Naples Joachim Murat, into exile, and settled at Florence.

He returned to Naples and practised as a lawyer, and from 1837 to 1848 was frequently arrested and imprisoned; but, when Ferdinand II, moved by the demonstration January 27 of the latter year, promulgated a constitution, he was made minister of education. Discovering that the monarch maintained a will to collaborate with the Austrian Empire, he resigned office in April 1849, and returned to Naples to take his seat in parliament, where he led the constitutional opposition.[1]

Imprisonment, refuge, and return[edit]

After the battle of Novara, the king was free to dissolve parliament and renounce the constitution; in the month of July 1849 Poerio was arrested, tried, and sentenced to nineteen years in prison. Chained in pairs, he and other political prisoners were confined in one small room in the labor camp on Nisida (the Flegree Islands). [1]

William Ewart Gladstone's report on the inhumane conditions in Neapolitan detention facilities (1851), emphasizing the case of Poerio, provoked an international uproar; nonetheless, Poerio was set free only in 1858. He and other exiles were then placed on board a ship bound for the Argentina, but the son of Luigi Settembrini (both of them on board the ship) compelled the crew to land them at Cork, in the United Kingdom, after which Poerio made his way to London.[1]

In the following year he returned to Italy, and, in 1860 he was elected deputy to the parliament of Piedmont-Sardinia in Turin (the original seat of the House of Savoy government), and was chosen the body's vice-president in 1861,[1] when the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Poerio, Alessandro". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  This article about his brother discusses Carlo in the second half. It offers the following sources:
    • Baldachini, Della Vita e de tempi di Carlo Poerio (1867)
    • William Ewart Gladstone, Two Letters to the Earl of Aberdeen (1851); Carlo Poerio and the Neapolitan Police (London, 1858)
    • Atto Vannucci, I martiri della libertà italiana, vol. iii. (Milan, 1880)
    • Alessandro Imbriani, Poerio a Venezia (Naples, 1884)
    • Del Giudice, I Fratelli Poerio (Turin, 1899)
    • Countess Martinengo Cesaresco, Italian Characters (London, 1901)