Carlo von Erlanger

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Carlo von Erlanger
Carlo von Erlanger.jpg
Born5 September 1872
Died4 September 1904(1904-09-04) (aged 31)
Salzburg, Austria
Other namesCarl Viktor Heinrich Freiherr von Erlanger
OccupationOrnithologist, explorer

Carlo von Erlanger (5 September 1872 – 4 September 1904) was a German ornithologist and explorer born in Ingelheim am Rhein. He was a cousin to musicologist Rodolphe d'Erlanger (1872-1932). (See: Erlanger family tree).

He studied ornithology at the University of Lausanne, and performed wildlife studies in the Tunisian desert from 1893 to 1897.[1] On his return to Europe he continued his studies at Cambridge and Berlin. In 1900 and 1901 with Oscar Rudolph Neumann, he went to East Africa (what is now Ethiopia and Somalia) and investigated and collected many thousands of insect and avian specimens.[1] Erlanger died in an automobile accident in Salzburg on 4 September 1904, one day shy of his 32nd birthday.[1]

Grave marker of Carlo von Erlanger, Nieder-Ingelheim Cemetery

Erlanger is credited with naming 40 new ornithological taxa, and has several zoological species named after him, such as:

His name is also associated with the subspecies Madoqua saltiana erlangeri Neumann, 1905.[4]

Written works[edit]

  • Eine ornithologische Forschungsreise durch Tunesien (1898)
  • Meine Reise durch Sud-Schoa, Galla und die Somal-Lander (1902)
  • Forschungsreise durch Sud-Schoa, Galla und die Somali-lander. Beitrage zur vogelfauna Nordostafrikas, mit besonderer berucksichtigung der zoogeographie


  1. ^ a b c Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (7 October 2009). The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8018-9533-3.
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5 ("Erlanger", p. 85).
  3. ^ "Mammal Species of the World - Browse: erlangeri". Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2014-04-23.
  4. ^ Mammals' Planet (2014-01-24). "Classification of Mammals: Taxonomy table | Mammals' Planet". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2014-04-23.