Carlos, Duke of Parma
|Duke of Parma|
|Head of House of Bourbon-Parma|
|Period||18 August 2010 – present|
|Spouse||Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel|
|Issue||Carlos Klynstra (illegitimate)
|House||House of Bourbon-Parma|
|Father||Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma|
|Mother||Princess Irene of the Netherlands|
27 January 1970 |
|Parmese Ducal Family|
|Dutch Royal Family|
HRH Princess Beatrix *
Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma, pretender Duke of Parma and Piacenza (born 27 January 1970) is the current head of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma, as well a member of the Dutch Royal Family. He is generally considered as the pretender to the defunct throne of Parma under the name Carlo V (English: Charles V), and by sections of the Carlist movement as the pretender to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos Javier II (English: Charles Xavier II).
Prince Carlos was born in Nijmegen in the Netherlands as the eldest child of the late Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma and Princess Irene of the Netherlands. He has two younger sisters Princess Margarita and Princess Carolina, and one younger brother Prince Jaime. Carlos spent his youth in several countries including the Netherlands, Spain, France, England, and the United States. In 1981, when he was eleven, his parents decided to divorce. Together with his mother and his siblings he then moved to Soestdijk Palace (Baarn). He lived at the palace for a number of years with his grandparents, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.
Education and career
After completing his studies Carlos worked for the company ABN AMRO in Amsterdam, where he was involved with the preparations for the introduction of the euro. He then worked for a while in Brussels as a public affairs consultant for the company European Public Policy Advisors (EPPA). Since 2007 he is engaged in projects concerning sustainability in the business world.
Royal representative assignments
Carlos is sometimes present at representative occasions concerning the royal house of the Netherlands. In 2003 he was involved, together with his aunt Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, in the inauguration of the "Prince Claus Leerstoel". This is a professorship named after Prince Claus of the Netherlands, the late Prince Consort and husband of the former reigning queen Beatrix. During special events of the royal house he is regularly present. For example he was one of the organizers of the wedding celebration of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands.
Relationship with Brigitte Klynstra and son
Prince Carlos had a relationship with Brigitte Klynstra (born 10 January 1959), the stepdaughter of Count Adolph van Rechteren Limpurg, Lord of Enghuizen. During this relationship he fathered a son:
- Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren Klynstra (born 20 January 1997 in Nijmegen)
Marriage with Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel
On 7 October 2009 it was announced through his mother's private secretary that Prince Carlos would marry Annemarie Cecilia Gualthérie van Weezel. The civil marriage took place on 12 June 2010 at Wijk bij Duurstede. The church wedding was to have taken place at the La Cambre Abbey in Ixelles on 28 August, but it was postponed owing to his father's illness. Prince Carlos Hugo died shortly afterwards.
Annemarie (born The Hague, 18 December 1977) is the daughter of Johan (Hans) Stephan Leonard Gualthérie van Weezel and Ank de Visser. Her father was a member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands for the Christian Democratic party, member of the European Council in Strasbourg, and the Dutch ambassador in Luxembourg. Gualthérie van Weezel’s paternal grandfather is Jan Hans Gualthérie van Weezel, who was the head of the police in The Hague and member of the Dutch resistance during the Second World War. Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel went to secondary school in Strasbourg and obtained an Master of Laws degree at the University of Utrecht. Subsequently she completed a post-graduate study in Radio- and Television journalism at the University of Groningen. Gualthérie van Weezel works as a parliamentary journalist in The Hague and Brussels for the Dutch public channel NOS. In Brussels, she met Prince Carlos for the first time.
On 2 August 2010, it was revealed that the health of his father, the Duke of Parma, was quickly deteriorating due to cancer. As a consequence, the church wedding of the prince Carlos and his fiancée was delayed. Via the official announcement about the state of his decease, the Duke announced Carlos to be the next Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma. Just before his death the Duke of Parma created Annemarie Countess of Molina in his capacity as sovereign in pretence.
Prince Carlos's father died on 18 August 2010 in Barcelona, Spain, at the age of 80; Carlos subsequently became the next Duke of Parma and Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma.
- HRH Princess Luisa Irene Constance Anna Maria of Bourbon-Parma (born 9 May 2012, The Hague).
- HRH Princess Cecilia Maria Johanna Beatrix of Bourbon-Parma (born 17 October 2013, The Hague).
Princess Luisa Irene has six godparents: Princess Irene of the Netherlands (paternal grandmother), Ank Gualthèrie van Weezel - De Visser (maternal grandmother), Prince Jaime, Count of Bardi (paternal uncle), Constance Mensink Gualthèrie van Weezel (maternal aunt), Princess Maria Francisca of Bourbon-Parma (great-aunt) and Countess Franca Zanardi Landi di Veano.
Princess Cecilia has five godparents: Johan Gualthérie of Weezel (maternal grandfather), Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma (paternal aunt), Beatrix of the Netherlands (great-aunt), Princess Cecilia of Bourbon-Parma (great-aunt) and Véronique Kakebeeke - Gualthérie van Weezel (first cousin).
Titles, styles and honours
Carlos, Duke of Parma
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- 27 January 1970 – 7 May 1977: His Royal Highness Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma
- 7 May 1977 - 2 September 1996: His Royal Highness Prince Carlos, The Hereditary Duke of Parma
- 2 September 1996 - 18 August 2010: His Royal Highness Prince Carlos, The Hereditary Duke of Parma, Prince of Piacenza
- 18 August 2010 - Present: His Royal Highness Carlos, The Duke of Parma, Duke of Piacenza
- National Honours
- Ducal Family of Parma: Sovereign Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Parmese Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
- Ducal Family of Parma: Sovereign Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Louis for Civil Merit
- Ducal Family of Parma: Sovereign Knight of the Order of the Legitimidad Proscrita
- Ducal Family of Parma: Sovereign Knight of the Order of St. George for Military Merit
- Netherlands: Medal of the King Willem-Alexander Investiture Order
- Foreign Honours
- LL.AA.RR. Il Duca e la Duchessa di Parma e Piacenza – Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma (Italian)
- "Duke of Parma and Piacenza" is the extended and more formal title of the duke
- Mensaje al Pueblo Carlista de S.M.C. Don Carlos Javier II de Borbón, Rey de Las Españas – blogspot El Carlismo contra Globalizatión (Spanish)
- El primogénito de Carlos Hugo de Borbón – Nuevo pretendiente carlista a la corona de España – website news agency Europa Press (Spanish)
- News of the House of Parma (in Spanish)
- Interview in the French magazine Point de Vue, edition 13–20 October 2010: Carlos & Annemarie de Bourbon de Parme, Les amoureux de Parme
- "Maxima shares Prince Carlos' joy as he weds his princess-bride". Hello Magazine. 24 November 2010.
- "Joy as Queen Beatrix's nephew Prince Carlos christens his daughter". Hello Magazine. 2 October 2012.
- Almanach de Gotha (182nd ed.). Almanach de Gotha. 1998. p. 55. ISBN 0-9532142-0-6.
Carlos, Duke of ParmaBorn: 27 January 1970
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
Duke of Parma
2010 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Annexed by Kingdom of Italy
|— TITULAR —
King of Spain
Reason for succession failure:
|Lines of succession|
Prince Alessandro of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
|Legitimist line of succession to the French throne