|Born||18 December 1922|
|Died||19 May 2019 (aged 96)|
Carlos Altamirano Orrego (December 18, 1922 – May 19, 2019) was a Chilean lawyer and socialist politician. He was the general secretary of the Chilean Socialist Party (PS) between 1971 and 1979. Before that, he was deputy from 1961 to 1965 and senator from 1965 to 1973. He escaped after Pinochet's coup d'état on September 11, 1973, and lived as a refugee in Cuba. As a young man he won medals in the high jump event at the 1946 and 1947 South American Championships in Athletics.
Altamirano started as professor of financial law and public finances in the University of Chile. In 1973, sectors of the Chilean Navy tried to convince leaders of the far-right paramilitary organization Patria y Libertad to assassinate him. The plan, however, was not enacted. After the September 11, 1973 coup, Altamirano fled to Cuba. He wrote Dialéctica de una Derrota in 1977 ("Dialectics of a Defeat"). He returned to Chile after the end of Pinochet's dictatorship in 1993.
According to lawyer Alun Jones, representative of the Spanish justice during Spain's request to Great Britain for the extradition of Augusto Pinochet, Pinochet had planned an attack against Altamirano just after Franco's funerals in 1975. A declassified FBI document suggests that Altamirano had become an obsession of DINA director Manuel Contreras, who wanted him assassinated at all cost, but that others within the agency cast doubts, because Altamirano seemed to be a decisive factor among the Chileans living in exile. The same document indicates that the neo-fascists associated with Stefano Delle Chiaie were to assassinate Bernardo Leighton instead.
- Carlos Altamirano's obituary (in Spanish)
- Confesiones de un ex Patria y Libertad Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, TVN, 12 February 2006 (in Spanish)
- Ezard, John (1999-02-05). "Lords reserve Pinochet ruling". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-07-18.
- "Attempted Assassination of Bernardo Leighton" (PDF). FBI Chile Declassification Project Tranche III (1968-1972). Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1980-04-09.
- Dialéctica de una Derrota (1977) (in Spanish)
- Después de Todo ("After Everything") (in Spanish)