Carlos Brandt

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Carlos Brandt (11 October 1875 – 27 February 1964)[1] was a Venezuelan author, historian, philosopher and naturopath.

Background[edit]

Dr. Carlos Brandt Tortolero[2] was an author, historian, doctor of philosophy, philosopher of vegetarianism, essayist, novelist, biographer, musicologist and naturopath, who was born in Miranda, a town in Carabobo State, Venezuela.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Miranda, Carabobo state, Venezuela, the son of a German immigrant Karl Brandt, a coffee planter and exporter, and Zoraida Tortolero, mother to Carlos, Juan Luis, Fernando, Augusto, Asteria and Mary. His younger brother (by 17 years) was the composer Augusto Brandt. He studied in Puerto Cabello Elementary School and was sent to Germany to join the Pro Gymnasium in Hamburg, aged 14 to 19. He toured German and France, and returned to Venezuela at 19, fluent in German, French and English. At 25, he met Leo Tolstoy, which encouraged his literary ambitions. In 1901, his first book appeared La Belleza de la Mujer.[3]

Exile[edit]

Under the dictatorship of Juan Vicente Gómez, he was imprisoned and then exiled to Spain, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and then the United States. Protesting at the dictatorship, he encountered the anarchist organization "Generación Consciente" in Barcelona. He eventually returned to Venezuela, and died in Caracas, aged 88.

Writings[edit]

He promoted natural living, pacifism, free-thinking, liberty and spiritualism, in his writings, as well as being a novelist and biographer. Many of his books emerged during his time in exile. In 1913, Fundamentos de la Moral, also known as El Problema Vital (The Vital Problem), was published with a prologue by Albert Einstein. For his work, the American School of Naturopathy awarded him an honorary doctorate. With this and further writings, Brandt counted as one of the original founders of the Vegetarianism movement.

His books were published in Spanish, Italian, Flemish, Dutch, English, French and German. His first book published in English was Hight and Right.

As well as his historic and philosophical writings, Brandt generated extensive correspondence with authors such as George Bernard Shaw, Leo Tolstoy, Albert Einstein, Benedict Lust - one of the founders of natural medicine, Ernst Haeckel, Max Nordau, Gabriela Mistral, Raffaele Garofalo, Russell Wallace and Elmer Lee.

Naturopathy[edit]

Brandt, along with Arnold Ehret, Benedict Lust and Louis Kuhn, was one of the original pioneers of naturopathy. Brandt taught Nicolás Capó[4] (born around 1902), who wrote his first book circa 1935. Many of Brandt's books were distributed through Capo's Instituto de Trofoterapia, in Barcelona.

Capó and José Castro (Galician naturopath),[5] were pioneers of dietary health and healing in Spain, during the 1920s to 1940s, opening Escuela Naturo-Trofologica in Barcelona in 1925. Capo left Spain for Argentina around 1939, fleeing from the Francisco Franco dictatorship.

German pioneers of the nature cure and natural hygiene movements are featured in Children Of The Sun: A Pictorial Anthology From Germany to California 1883-1949 by Gordon Kennedy, Navaria Press 1998.

Brandt is listed in Who’s Who In Latin America.

Works[edit]

  • Análisis Critica De La Biblia / Critical Analysis Of The Bible
  • Bajo La Tiranía De Cipriano Castro / Under The Tyranny Of Cipriano Castro
  • Bajo la tiranía de Cipranio Castro, Tipografía Vargas, 1952
  • Beethoven, Su Vida, Su Obra, Y El Sentido De Su Música / Beethoven: His Life, His Work & The Sense Of His Music 1940, 1954
  • Belleza De La Mujer, Tratado De Las Proporciones Armoniosas Del Cuerpo Humano Y De La Importancia Filosófica, Artística Y Sociológica De La Belleza Física / The Beauty Of Woman: The Harmonious Proportions Of The Human Body & The Philosophical, Artistic & Sociological Importance Of Physical Beauty 1935
  • Camino De Perfección / The Way Of Perfection
  • Cervantes: El Titán De La Literatura Y Su Obra Maestra: El Quijote / Cervantes: The Titan Of Literature & His Masterpiece: Don Quixote, 1942, Las Novedades, Caracas
  • Colon / Columbus
  • Diógenes: El Atleta De La Voluntad / Diogenes: The Willing Athlete
  • El Anarquismo En América Latina / Anarchism In Latin America
  • El Estado Y La Iglesia / The Estate & The Church
  • El fanatismo religioso, Editorial Símbolo
  • El Fundamento De La Moral / The Fundamental Basis Of Morality 1918, 1926 Librería Sintes, Barcelona
  • El misterioso almirante y su enigmático descubrimiento by Carlos Brandt Ministerio de Educación Nacional, Dirección de Cultura, 1949
  • El Misterioso Almirante Y Su Enigmático Descubrimiento: Biografía Caracas / The Mysterious Admiral & His Enigmatic Discovery: A Biography Of Caracas
  • El Modernismo / Modernism 1994
  • El Problema Económico-Social / The Social-Economic Problem
  • El Problema Vital / The Vital Problem: The Path To Health, Wisdom & Universal Peace 1924, 1969, 1999, Instituto De Trofoterapia, Barcelona and Benedict Lust Publishers, New York (1924)
  • El Sendero De La Salud / The Path Of Health
  • El Vegetarianismo / Vegetarianism
  • Filosofía Del Vegetarismo / The Philosophy Of Vegetarianism 1927, Librería Sintes, Barcelona
  • Fundamentos de la Moral (The Vital Problem)
  • Giordano Bruno, El Mártir Más Auténtico De La Historia / Giordano Bruno: The Most Authentic Martyr Of History Kier, 1940
  • Hight and Right (in English)
  • Jesús, El Filósofo Por Excelencia / Jesus: The Philosopher Par Excellence 1939
  • La Belleza De La Mujer / The Beauty Of Women
  • La Clave Del Misterio / The Key To The Mystery
  • La Dictadura Gomecista / The Gomecist Dictatorship
  • La Época Del Terror: En El País De Gómez / The Age Of Terror: In The Country Of Gomez
  • La Paz Universal / Universal Peace
  • La Superstición Médica / Medical Superstition
  • Leonardo da Vinci: El Profeta De Los Profetas / Leonardo da Vinci: The Prophet Of Prophets, Editorial Latorre Caracas 1939, Simon & Schuster 1993
  • Los Enigmas De La Ciencia / The Enigmas Of Science
  • Naturaleza Frugivora Del Hombre / The Frugivorous Nature Of Man
  • Patología Racional: Las Enfermedades, Su Origen Y Curación / Rational Pathology: Illnesses, Their Origin & Cures 1942, 1949, Ediciones Universo, Toulouse
  • Pitágoras Y Vegetarianismo / Pythagoras & Vegetarianism, 1970, Instituto De Trofoterapia, Barcelona
  • Pitágoras, Padre De La Sabiduría Europea / Pythagoras, Father Of European Wisdom
  • Siluetas Luminosas / Luminous Silhouettes
  • Spinoza Y El Panteísmo / Spinoza & Pantheism 1972
  • Fundamentos de la Moral (The Vital Problem)

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Archived April 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Carlos Brandt". Vegetarianismo.com.br. Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  3. ^ "Hace 35 años... Carlos Brandt". Web.archive.org. 2009-10-27. Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  4. ^ Mis observaciones clinicas sobre el limon, el ajo y la cebolla/How to use lemon, garlic and onion in order to prevent and cure more than 170 illnesses, by Nicolás Capó, Kier Editorial, 2004, 126 pages (page 24), ISBN 950-17-1262-1, ISBN 978-950-17-1262-9
  5. ^ La nueva medicina futura bioterapia o normofunción by Castro, José Dr. Naturópata, Published in 1976, Ediciones Castro (Valencia), Series: Biblioteca de Calobiótica y macrobiótica

External links[edit]