Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova
|Carlos Eugenio Vides|
|Born||1937 (age 78–79)
Santa Ana, El Salvador
|Employer||Government of El Salvador|
|Known for||Human rights violations (torture)|
|Title||Defense Minister of El Salvador|
|Children||Maria Gema Vides Melendez, Marta Del Carmen Vides Demmer, Geraldo Vides Melendez|
Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova (born 1937) was head of the Salvadoran national guard between the years 1979 and 1983 and later served as the nation's Minister of Defense between 1983 and 1989. He was sued in the federal civil court of Miami, Florida in the United States in two precedent-setting cases. The cases are referred to by the surname of his co-defendant, José Guillermo García:
- Ford v. Garcia, a lawsuit by the families of four Catholic churchwomen-Maura Clarke, Jean Donovan, Ita Ford and Dorothy Kazel- who were abducted, raped and murdered by a Salvadoran military death squad on December 2, 1980. The defense won the case, and the families appealed. Their appeal was denied, and in 2003, the United States Supreme Court refused to hear further proceedings.
- Ramagoza v. Garcia, a lawsuit by survivors of torture during the Salvadoran Civil War, including Carlos Mauricio and Neris Gonzalez. Garcia and Vides lost, and a judgment of over $54 million (U.S.) was entered against them, and upheld on appeal.
Following his retirement, General Vides left El Salvador and moved to Florida in 1989 as a legal permanent resident and had been living in Palm Coast. After his first wife died, Vides married Lourdes Llach, daughter of coffee baron, amateur astronomer, and former Salvadoran ambassador to the Holy See (1977–1991) Prudencio Llach Schonenberg.
In 1984, four national guardsmen who had once served under Vides Casanova's command-Daniel Canales Ramirez, Carlos Joaquin Contreras Palacios, Francisco Orlando Contreras Recinos and Jose Roberto Moreno Canjura -- were convicted of murdering of the churchwomen and were sentenced to 30 years in prison. Their superior, sub-sergeant Luis Antonio Colindres Aleman, was also convicted for the murders as well. In 1998, the four assassins confessed to abducting, raping and murdering the four churchwomen and claimed that they did so because Aleman had informed them that they had to act on orders from high-level military officers. Some were then released from prison after detailing how Vides and his cousin Col. Oscar Edgardo Casanova Vejar, the local military commander in Zacatecoluca, had planned and orchestrated the executions of the churchwomen. A 16-year legal battle to deport General Vides Casanova soon commenced.
On October 6, 2009 the U.S. Department of Homeland Security announced that it initiated deportation proceedings against General Vides Casanova for assisting in the torture of Salvadoran civilians. On 24 February 2012, a Federal immigration judge cleared the way for his deportation.
On April 8, 2015, U.S. immigration officials deported General Vides Casanova to El Salvador.
- Romagoza V. Casanova
- US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (April 8, 2015). "ICE removes former El Salvador defense minister". Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Larry Rother (April 3, 1998). "4 Salvadorans Say They Killed U.S. Nuns on Orders of Military". New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "El Salvador generals guilty of torture". BBC News. 2002-07-23. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
- Preston, Julia (April 8, 2015). "U.S. Deports Salvadoran General Accused in ’80s Killings". The New York Times.
- List of Ambassadors
- Larry Rother (April 3, 1998). "4 Salvadorans Say They Killed U.S. Nuns on Orders of Military". New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Preston, Julia (February 23, 2012). "Salvadoran May Be Deported From U.S. for '80 Murders of Americans". The New York Times.
- Board of Immigration Appeals. "Matter of Carlos Eugenio VIDES CASANOVA, Respondent" (PDF). http://www.justice.gov/eoir/. Executive Office for Immigration Review. Retrieved 11 March 2015. External link in
- Preston, Julia (March 12, 2015). "General in El Salvador Killings in ’80s Can Be Deported, Court Rules". The New York Times.
- Ford v. Garcia Trial Background. Legal history section of PBS website on "Justice and the Generals" presentation in 2002. Accessed October 7, 2005; confirmed online December 11, 2006.
- Report of the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador (1993) accessed online December 9, 2006.
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