Carlos Herrera y Luna
President of the Republic of Guatemala
March 30, 1920 – December 10, 1921
|Preceded by||Manuel Estrada Cabrera|
|Succeeded by||José María Orellana|
|Guatemalan Parlament Representative|
|Born||Carlos Herrera Luna
October 26, 1856
|Died||July 3, 1930
|Political party||Partido Liberal (1898-1920)
Partido Unionista (1920-1921)
Carlos Herrera y Luna (26 October 1856 – 3 July 1930) was acting President of Guatemala from March 30, 1920 to September 15, 1920 and President of Guatemala from September 16, 1920 until December 10, 1921.
Herrera Luna was a successful sugar business man, developing Pantaleón Sugar Mill in Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa, and Concepción and El Baúl sugar mills in Escuintla in the early 1900s. Pantaleón Sugar Holdings is today one of the top 10 sugar companies in America, with mills in Central and South America.
After Manuel Estrada Cabrera was overthrown on April 14, 1920, the Unionist Party leaders, who were mostly conservatives, dealt with the liberal leaders from the Cabrera's regime such that they could appoint the new cabinet. However, the liberal leaders outsmarted the conservatives and appoint Herrera Luna in office, in spite that he had served as a liberal representative for the whole 22 years that Estrada Cabrera's government lasted; furthermore, they also appointed several key members of the ousted government in the new administration. Under these circumstances, the deals that Estrada Cabrera had set with the United Fruit Company were sure to hold. However, as an experienced business man, Herrera Luna realized that all of those concessions granted too much power to UFCO without any real benefit for Guatemala in return and did not accept them.
Herrera Luna granted several benefits to the National University after its valuable contributions to the revolution against Estrada Cabrera's regime:
- Autonomy to elect authorities
- A house for the students to assemble and create their Student Body.
Herrera was deposed in a coup, led by José María Orellana, in December 1921 after Herrera resisted to approve the concessions granted to the United Fruit Company and its subsidiaries by his predecessor, Manuel Estrada Cabrera. He subsequently went into exile in France.
- Arévalo Martínez, Rafael (1945). ¡Ecce Pericles!. Guatemala: Tipografia Nacional.
- Bauer Paz, Alfonso (1965). Compilación de leyes laborales de Guatemala de 1872 a 1930 (in Spanish). Guatemala: Centro de Estudios Económicos y Sociales, University of San Carlos of Guatemala.
- Macmillan General Reference Staff (1 October 1998). Latin American lives: selected biographies from the five-volume Encyclopedia of Latin American history and culture. Macmillan Publishing. USA: Macmillan Library Reference. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- Media related to Carlos Herrera (Guatemala) at Wikimedia Commons
Manuel Estrada Cabrera
President of Guatemala
José María Orellana