Carlos M. Jarque holds a Bachelor's degree in Actuarial Science, from Anahuac University of Mexico. He then obtained a Graduate Diploma and a Master's Degree from The London School of Economics and Political Science. He also undertook graduate studies in planning and economic policy at the University of Oslo. He holds a Doctorate in Economics from the Australian National University, and obtained a post-doctorate in Econometrics at Harvard University. He received an Honorary Doctorate from Anahuac University. He has also received the President Benito Juárez Medal, and the Adolf Quetelet Medal, and the Mahalanobis Award and has been nominated to the Prince of Asturias Award.
Carlos M. Jarque began his work as Director of Economic Studies at Teléfonos de México (now Telmex) in 1982. He then was Chief of Statistics of Mexico at the Planning Ministry, in charge of the national economic and social information systems. He was President of the Inter Ministerial Committee for Public Finance Information and Monitoring. This Committee was established with representatives from the Ministries of Finance, Planning and Budget, the Comptroller and the Central Bank to lower the public deficit of Mexico. For this, quarterly deficit / surplus agreements were made, particularly with each of the major public enterprises and public financial institutions.
Later, for nearly 11 years, he was President of the National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI) of Mexico, which is in charge of statistical and geographic information, as well as being responsible for the national policy on Information Technology. During his mandate, he led the modernization of the Geographical and Statistical Information Systems of Mexico; proposed the ICT national policy; directed eight national censuses (economic, agricultural, population and housing hiring more than 1 million people); short term statistics (GDP, trade balance, unemployment, investment, etc.); environmental information and a global pioneer project, the green GDP of Mexico. He also directed a program of land titling for half of the national territory and a third of all Mexican houses. He was also in charge of the information technology transition of the year 2000 for Mexico.
He was Secretary of the National Development Plan of Mexico (1995-2000), which constituted the Government Program of President Ernesto Zedillo, elaborated with wide public consultation, and including as main objectives: Sovereignty, Rule of Law, Democratic Development, Social Welfare and Economic Growth. It included privatization of public infrastructure and public / private partnerships.
He was Minister of Social Development of Mexico, position in which he remained until the end of the administration in December 2000. In this capacity, he led a wide range of social programs (including those for poverty reduction), housing and urban and regional development initiatives.
He was Director of the Sustainable Development Department (2001-2005) at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the main source of multilateral development financing in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). In this position, he was responsible for directing the definition of the sector policies and development strategies of the IDB, and for the technical support to infrastructure projects financed by the Bank. The Department also supported legal reforms in countries for public /private partnerships.
He was also Secretary of the IDB (2005-2007), responsible for the institutional governance processes and for the relationship with the Board of Governors (Ministers of Finance, Economy and Development of the 48 member countries of the IDB) and the Board of Directors, for the approval of all operations of the IDB, including the capital increase of the Bank, its realignment and restructuring program, and the debt relief program.
From 2008 to March 2013, he was IDB Representative in Europe and Principal Advisor to the President, promoting, among other things, investment and resource mobilization between Europe and LAC, mainly on water, energy, infrastructure, urban development, transport and sustainable cities. He was IDB Sherpa for the Summits of Heads of State and Government, and attended the Summit of the Americas, CELAC, EU-LAC, APEC and Iberoamerican Sumits. He led the establishment of the Permanent Secretariat of the EU-LAC Business Summit.
From April 2013 to August 2015 he was Executive Director at America Movil, responsible for Corporate, Government and International Relations, supporting interaction with governments and the relationship with the CEO's of the countries in various areas of operation. America Movil is the largest private company in Latin America with operations in 17 Latin American countries, plus the United States and 10 European countries. He has been Board Member of Telekom Austria Group and of several companies in construction, financial sector, mining, citizen services and real estate.
Since August 18th 2015 he is First Executive – CEO of FCC Group based in Madrid, Spain. FCC is the headquarter of one of the first and most important global Citizen Services groups present in the sectors of environmental services, water management and infrastructure, with over 100 years of history. It is present in 34 countries employing over 60,000 people. Provides environmental services in more than 5,000 municipalities spread across 13 countries, where it serves 53 million people. The Water division, FCC Aqualia, is serving over 23 million people in 22 countries and it is one of the main companies in the sector. In recent years, it has built more than 700 kilometers for high speed trains. Among its many works are Barajas Airport, Madrid, Santiago Bernabeu Stadium in Spain and Subways such as Ryhad and Panama. Within the infrastructure business, through FCC Cementos Portland has an annual production capacity of 15 million tons of cement in its plants in Spain, USA and Tunisia. Also FCC manages Concessions and Real Estate Development.
Carlos M. Jarque is the author of over a hundred academic articles on economics, social development, planning and technology. According to a CIDE study, he is the most frequently quoted Mexican economist in international professional journals. He is well known for his work on model specification testing, and is also well cited for his studies on optimum stratification in multivariate sampling. He has also written on economic and social policies and strategies, as well as a recent volume on the Diplomacy of Summits of Heads of State. He has taught at the Faculty of Economics at the National University of Australia, and has been a visiting scholar teaching at Harvard University in the doctoral program. He has been the only non-European to head the International Statistical Institute with headquarters in the Netherlands. He has been President of the World Statistical Commission of the United Nations, and President of the Cartographic Conference of United Nations.
- Producción científica e impacto de los economistas académicos en México 
- Carlos M. Jarque and Anil K. Bera, Efficient tests for normality, homoscedasticity and serial independence of regression residuals 
- Carlos M. Jarque and Anil K. Bera, A Test for Normality of Observations and Regression Residuals, http://www.jstor.org/stable/1403192
- Carlos M. Jarque, A solution to the problem of Optimum Stratification in Multivariate Sampling, http://www.jstor.org/stable/2346387
- See, for example, Carlos M. Jarque and Luis Tellez, El combate a la inflación : el éxito de la fórmula mexicana, 
- Carlos M. Jarque, María Salvadora Ortiz and Carlos Quenan (editors), América Latina y la Diplomacia de Cumbres, http://segib.org/documentos/esp/Diplomaciaweb.pdf