Carlos Luz

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Carlos Luz
19th President of Brazil
In office
8 November 1955 – 11 November 1955
Vice PresidentNone
Preceded byCafé Filho
Succeeded byNereu Ramos
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
2 February 1955 – 14 November 1955
Preceded byNereu Ramos
Succeeded byFlores da Cunha
Minister of Justice and Interior Affairs
In office
31 January 1946 – 2 October 1946
PresidentEurico Gaspar Dutra
Preceded byAntônio Dória
Succeeded byBenedito Costa Neto
Personal details
Born(1894-08-04)4 August 1894
Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died9 February 1961(1961-02-09) (aged 66)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Political partySocial Democratic – PSD
Spouse(s)Maria José Dantas (died)
Graciema Junqueira
Alma materFederal University of Minas Gerais

Carlos Coimbra da Luz (Portuguese: [ˈkaʁlus koˈĩbrɐ da ˈlus]; 4 August 1894 – 9 February 1961) was a Brazilian politician.

After the political crisis following the Getúlio Vargas suicide in 1954, Carlos Luz was the second of three presidents who ruled Brazil in a brief period of 16 months. At the time of President Café Filho's alleged illness in 1955 he was the President of the Chamber of Deputies[1], and so the next in the line of succession to the Presidency, since Filho had been the Vice President under Vargas. Luz headed the government only three days in November 1955 and was replaced by the Minister of Defence Henrique Teixeira Lott over his fear that Luz might support a plot to prevent President-elect Juscelino Kubitschek from taking office.[2]

As of 2019, Luz remains the shortest-serving President of Brazil.


  1. ^ "Presidentes da Câmara dos Deputados". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados.
  2. ^,9171,893215,00.html
Political offices
Preceded by
Café Filho
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Nereu Ramos