Carlos M. Duarte

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Carlos Duarte
Professor Carlos Duarte
Carlos Manuel Duarte

(1960-07-27) July 27, 1960 (age 63)
Lisbon, Portugal
Alma materAutonomous University of Madrid McGill University
Known forMalaspina Expedition 2010, Scientific Basis for Blue Carbon
Scientific career
FieldsBiology, Ecology
Academic advisorsJacob Kalff

Carlos Manuel Duarte is a marine ecologist conducting research on marine ecosystems globally, from polar to the tropical ocean and from near-shore to deep-sea ecosystems. His research addresses biodiversity in the oceans, the impacts of human activity on marine ecosystems, and the capacity of marine ecosystems to recover from these impacts. He is also interested in transdisciplinary research, collaborating with scientists and engineers across a broad range of fields to solve problems in the marine ecosystem and society. He is currently a Distinguished Professor at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology and executive director of the Coral Research and Development Accelerator Platform.[1]


Duarte earned a bachelor's degree in environmental biology from Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain, in 1982. In 1987, he obtained a Ph.D. in limnology from McGill University, advised by Jacob Kalff.


Upon receiving a Ph.D. in biology, Duarte returned to Spain where he was a postdoctoral researcher at the Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (1987–1989), to then take a position as staff researcher with the Spanish National Research Council therein, and move to the ranks to research professor while moving to the Blanes Centre for Advanced Studies (1989-1999), and to the Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies, Mallorca (1999–2015). In 2011 Duarte took the role of inaugural director, and Winthrop Professor, at the UWA Oceans Institute, University of Western Australia. In 2015 he joined the Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering Division and the Red Sea Research Center at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, where he was appointed director of the Red Sea Research Center from 2016 to 2018. He also joined the Computational Biology Research Center there in 2017. He is the founding editor-in-chief of Frontiers in Marine Science],[2] and served or has served in the editorial board of multiple scientific journals. He has published over 900 scientific papers and many books and book chapters and supervised a large number of students and early career researchers.[3] He served as elected President of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, the largest professional society on marine sciences, and has received multiple awards and honors for his research contributions.

He has been recognized as a “Highly Cited Researcher”, demonstrated by the production of multiple highly cited papers that rank in the top 1% by citations for a research field, in all the assessments conducted thus far, including the 2018 assessment,[4] and in 2019 was ranked within the top 0.01% (ranked 887 among 7 million scientists evaluated) across all fields, the top ranked scientists in Marine Biology and Hydrology.[5] In 2021 Duarte was ranked, by Reuters, as the 12th most influential climate scientist in the world.[6] He was also ranked the 4th top scientist in Ecology and Evolution, and the top marine scientist in their rank.[7] Since 2021 Duarte also serves as executive director for the Global Coral R&D Accelerator Platform, CORDAP. On October 27, 2021, Prof. Duarte has been appointed Academic with the Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences for his seminal contributions to further understanding marine ecosystems and their responses to global change.[8]


Duarte was originally trained as a limnologist and has contributed to understanding the ecology of freshwater plants in rivers and lakes, as well as the role of freshwater ecosystems in carbon cycling. His research in the ecology and biogeochemistry of seagrass meadows and other vegetated coastal systems eventually lead – in collaboration with different UN agencies - to the development of “Blue carbon” strategies to mitigate climate change.[9][10][11] Recognizing the many gaps in our understanding of the deep-sea pelagic ecosystem, Duarte led the Malaspina Circumnavigation Expedition, involving more than 500 scientists, and that sailed the oceans between 2010 and 2011 to provide a global assessment of the deep-sea pelagic ecosystem. The Malaspina Expedition 2010 has thus far released over 200 publications addressing different aspects of the biodiversity and function of the deep-sea ecosystem.[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21] In 2020, Duarte led an international team that, on the basis of evidences of responses of marine populations and habitats to the release of pressures, concluded that rebuilding the abundance of marine life by 2050 is an achievable Grand Challenge, and provided a road map to deliver this goal.[22]

Awards and distinctions[edit]


Top 10 most cited papers of > 900 published papers:

  • C.M. Duarte (1991). "Seagrass depth limits". Aquatic Botany. 40 (4): 363–377. doi:10.1016/0304-3770(91)90081-F.
  • C.M. Duarte (1995). "Submerged aquatic vegetation in relation to different nutrient regimes". Ophelia. 41 (1): 87–112. doi:10.1080/00785236.1995.10422039.
  • M.A. Hemminga; C.M. Duarte (2000). Seagrass Ecology. Cambridge University Press. p. 298. ISBN 9780521661843.
  • C.M. Duarte (2002). "The future of seagrass meadows". Environmental Conservation. 29 (2): 192–206. doi:10.1017/S0376892902000127. hdl:10261/89840. S2CID 31971900.
  • J.A. Downing; Y.T. Prairie; J.J. Cole; C.M. Duarte; L.J. Tranvik; R.G. Striegl; W.H. McDowell; P. Kortelainen; N.F. Caraco; J.M. Melack; J.J. Middelburg (2006). "The global abundance and size distribution of lakes, ponds, and impoundments". Limnology and Oceanography. 51 (5): 2388–2397. Bibcode:2006LimOc..51.2388D. doi:10.4319/lo.2006.51.5.2388.
  • R.J. Orth; T.J. Carruthers; W.C. Dennison; C.M. Duarte; J.W. Fourqurean; K.L. Heck; A.R. Hughes; G.A. Kendrick; W.J. Kenworthy; S. Olyarnik; F.T. Short (2006). "A global crisis for seagrass ecosystems". BioScience. 56 (12): 987–996. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[987:AGCFSE]2.0.CO;2. hdl:10261/88476. S2CID 4936412.
  • J.J. Cole; Y.T. Prairie; N.F. Caraco; W.H. McDowell; L.J. Tranvik; R.G. Striegl; C.M. Duarte; P. Kortelainen; J.A. Downing; J.J. Middelburg; J. Melack (2007). "Plumbing the global carbon cycle: integrating inland waters into the terrestrial carbon budget". Ecosystems. 10 (1): 172–185. CiteSeerX doi:10.1007/s10021-006-9013-8. S2CID 1728636.
  • M. Waycott; C.M. Duarte; T.J. Carruthers; R.J. Orth; W.C. Dennison; S. Olyarnik; A. Calladine; J.W. Fourqurean; K.L. Heck; A.R. Hughes; G.A. Kendrick (2009). "Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 (30): 12377–12381. Bibcode:2009PNAS..10612377W. doi:10.1073/pnas.0905620106. PMC 2707273. PMID 19587236.
  • E. Mcleod; G.L. Chmura; S. Bouillon; R. Salm; M. Björk; C.M. Duarte; C.E. Lovelock; W.H. Schlesinger; B.R. Silliman (2011). "A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2" (PDF). Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9 (10): 552–560. doi:10.1890/110004.
  • K.J. Kroeker; R.L. Kordas; R. Crim; I.E. Hendriks; L. Ramajo; G.S. Singh; C.M. Duarte; J.P. Gattuso (2013). "Impacts of ocean acidification on marine organisms: quantifying sensitivities and interaction with warming". Global Change Biology. 19 (6): 1884–1896. Bibcode:2013GCBio..19.1884K. doi:10.1111/gcb.12179. PMC 3664023. PMID 23505245.


  1. ^ "CORDAP".
  2. ^ Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Magnan, Alexandre K.; Bopp, Laurent; Cheung, William W. L.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Hinkel, Jochen; McLeod, Elizabeth; Micheli, Fiorenza; Oschlies, Andreas; Williamson, Phillip; Billé, Raphaël; Chalastani, Vasiliki I.; Gates, Ruth D.; Irisson, Jean-Olivier; Middelburg, Jack J.; Pörtner, Hans-Otto; Rau, Greg H. (2018). "Ocean Solutions to Address Climate Change and Its Effects on Marine Ecosystems". Frontiers in Marine Science. 5. doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00337. hdl:10754/629968. S2CID 52912765.
  3. ^ "Google Scholar".
  4. ^ "Highly cited researchers".
  5. ^ Baas, Jeroen; Ionnadis, John P. A.; Klavans, Richard; Boyack, Kevin (2019). "Bibliometrics". Supplementary data tables for "A standardized citation metrics author database annotated for scientific field" (PLoS Biology 2019). Vol. 1. Mendeley. doi:10.17632/btchxktzyw.1.
  6. ^ "The Reuters Hot List: World's top climate scientists". Reuters.
  7. ^ "Top Ecology and Evolution Scientists".
  8. ^ "Duarte appointed Academic with Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences". Red Sea Research Center. 27 October 2021. Archived from the original on 2 November 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  9. ^ Nellemann, Christian; Corcoran, Emily; Duarte, Carlos; Valdes, Luis; De Young, Cassandra; Fonseca, Luciano; Grimsditch, Gabriel (2009). Blue Carbon. The role of healthy oceans in binding carbon. A Rapid Response Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme, GRID-Arendal (PDF). Norway. p. 80. ISBN 978-82-7701-060-1.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  10. ^ Duarte, Carlos; Cebrián, Just (December 1996). "The fate of marine autotrophic production". Limnology and Oceanography. 41 (8): 1758–1766. Bibcode:1996LimOc..41.1758D. doi:10.4319/lo.1996.41.8.1758.
  11. ^ C. M. Duarte; J.J. Middelburg; N. Caraco (2005). "Major role of marine vegetation on the oceanic carbon cycle". Biogeosciences. 2 (1): 1–8. Bibcode:2005BGeo....2....1D. doi:10.5194/bg-2-1-2005. hdl:10261/88911.
  12. ^ C.M. Duarte (2015). ". Seafaring in the 21st Century: The Malaspina 2010 Circumnavigation Expedition" (PDF). Bulletin Limnology and Oceanography. 24: 11–14. doi:10.1002/lob.10008. hdl:10754/347123.
  13. ^ X. Irigoien; T.A. Klevjer; A. Røstad; U. Martinez; G. Boyra; J.L. Acuña; J.I. Gonzalez-Gordillo; S. Hernandez-Leon; S. Agusti; C.M. Duarte; S. Kaartvedt (2014). "Large mesopelagic fishes biomass and trophic efficiency in the open ocean". Nature Communications. 5 (3271): 3271. Bibcode:2014NatCo...5.3271I. doi:10.1038/ncomms4271. PMC 3926006. PMID 24509953.
  14. ^ A. Cózar; F. Echevarría; J.I. González-Gordillo; X. Irigoien; B. Úbeda; S. Hernández-León; A.T. Palma; S. Navarro; J. García-de-Lomas; A. Ruiz; M.L. Fernández-de-Puelles; C.M. Duarte (2014). "Plastic debris in the open ocean". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111 (28): 10239–10244. Bibcode:2014PNAS..11110239C. doi:10.1073/pnas.1314705111. PMC 4104848. PMID 24982135.
  15. ^ A. Cózar; E. Marti; C.M. Duarte; J. García-de-Lomas; E. van Sebille; T.J. Ballatore; V.M. Eguíluz; J. Ignacio González-Gordillo; M.L. Pedrotti; F. Echevarría; R. Troublè; X. Irigoien (2017). "The Arctic Ocean as a dead end for floating plastics in the North Atlantic branch of the Thermohaline Circulation". Science Advances. 3 (4): e1600582. Bibcode:2017SciA....3E0582C. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1600582. PMC 5397136. PMID 28439534.
  16. ^ J.M. Arrieta; E. Mayol; R.L. Hansman; G.J. Herndl; T. Dittmar; C.M. Duarte (2015). "Dilution limits dissolved organic carbon utilization in the deep ocean". Science. 348 (6232): 331–333. Bibcode:2015Sci...348..331A. doi:10.1126/science.1258955. hdl:10261/151633. PMID 25883355. S2CID 28514618.
  17. ^ S. Agusti; J.L. González- Gordillo; D. Vaqué; M. Estrada; M.I. Cerezo; J.M. Gasol; C.M. Duarte (2015). "Ubiquitous healthy diatoms in the deep sea confirm deep carbon injection by the biological pump". Nature Communications. 6 (7608): 7608. Bibcode:2015NatCo...6.7608A. doi:10.1038/ncomms8608. PMC 4510647. PMID 26158221.
  18. ^ B. González-Gaya; M.C. Fernández-Pinos; L. Morales; E. Abad; B. Piña; L. Méjanelle; C.M. Duarte; B. Jiménez; J. Dachs (2016). "High atmosphere-ocean Exchange of semivolatile aromatic hydrocarbons". Nature Geoscience. 9 (6): 438–442. Bibcode:2016NatGe...9..438G. doi:10.1038/ngeo2714. hdl:10261/152479.
  19. ^ P. Pinedo-González; A.J. West; A. Tovar-Sanchez; C.M. Duarte; S. A. Sañudo-Wilhelmy (2018). "Concentration and isotopic composition of dissolved Pb in surface waters of the modern global ocean". Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 235: 41–54. Bibcode:2018GeCoA.235...41P. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2018.05.005.
  20. ^ M. Mestre; C. Ruiz-González; R. Logares; C.M. Duarte; J.M. Gasol; M.M. Sala (2018). "Sinking particles promote vertical connectivity in the ocean microbiome". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 115 (29): E6799–E6807. Bibcode:2018PNAS..115E6799M. doi:10.1073/pnas.1802470115. PMC 6055141. PMID 29967136.
  21. ^ E. Mayol; J. Arrieta; M. Jiménez; A. Martínez-Asensio; N. Garcias- Bonet; J. Dachs; B. González-Gaya; S.J. Royer; V. Benítez-Barrios; E. Fraile-Nuez; C.M. Duarte (2017). "Long-range transport of airborne microbes over the global Tropical and Subtropical Ocean". Nature Communications. 8 (201): 201. Bibcode:2017NatCo...8..201M. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00110-9. PMC 5544686. PMID 28779070.
  22. ^ C.M. Duarte; S. Agusti; E. Barbier; G.L. Britten; J.C. Castilla; J.P. Gattuso; R.W. Fulweiler; T.P. Hughes; N. Knowlton; C.E. Lovelock; H.K. Lotze; M. Predragovic; E. Poloczanska; C. Roberts; B. Worm (2020). "Rebuilding Marine Life" (PDF). Nature. 580 (7801): 39–6. Bibcode:2020Natur.580...39D. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2146-7. PMID 32238939. S2CID 214736503.
  23. ^ "Official letter_Duarte appointed Academic with Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences" (PDF).
  24. ^ "BBVA Foundation "Frontiers of Knowledge Award 2021"".
  25. ^ "BBVA Foundation "Frontiers of Knowledge Award 2020"". 4 February 2020.
  26. ^ "Ramon Margalef Prize in Ecology".
  27. ^ "CIC Org". Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  28. ^ "List of the members (Fellows and Honorary members) of the European Academy of Sciences".
  29. ^ "Carlo Heip award". Retrieved January 29, 2018.
  30. ^ "ASLO fellows". Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  31. ^ "Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky Medal". Retrieved February 16, 2016.
  32. ^ "Honorari Doctorate, Utrecht University".
  33. ^ "Prix d'Excellence of the International Council". Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  34. ^ "Annual report 2010-2011, Université du Québec à Montréal" (PDF). Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  35. ^ "List of Environmental Protection Award Winners, King James I Award". Archived from the original on 2019-01-20. Retrieved 2018-12-03.
  36. ^ Premio Nacional de Investigación Alejandro Malaspina[circular reference]
  37. ^ "G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award".

External links[edit]