Marchena before a game with Spain in 2009
|Full name||Carlos Marchena López|
|Date of birth||31 July 1979|
|Place of birth||Las Cabezas, Spain|
|Height||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)|
|Playing position||Centre back / Defensive midfielder|
|2012–2014||Deportivo La Coruña||44||(5)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Carlos Marchena López (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaɾlos maɾˈtʃena ˈlopeθ]; born 31 July 1979) is a retired Spanish footballer. Mainly a central defender with an aggressive approach, he also pitched in as a defensive midfielder.
Most of his professional career was spent at Valencia (nine years), which he helped to five major titles, including two La Liga championships. He amassed competition totals of 330 games and 11 goals during 13 seasons, also playing for Sevilla, Villarreal and Deportivo.
A Spanish international for the better part of the 2000s, Marchena represented the nation in two World Cups and as many European Championships, winning once in each competition and gaining 69 caps.
Born in Las Cabezas de San Juan, Province of Seville, Andalusia, Marchena started his professional career in hometown club Sevilla FC at the age of 18, when the club was playing in the second division. In the 1999–2000 season he made his La Liga debut, playing the entire match in a 2–2 home draw with Real Sociedad on 22 August 1999.
When Sevilla was relegated again at the end of the season, Marchena earned a transfer to Portugal's S.L. Benfica. During his spell in Lisbon he scored in two narrow wins, at home against C.F. Os Belenenses (1–0) and at S.C. Salgueiros (2–1), but almost left the club in late 2000 due to lack of payment.
Marchena returned to his country in the 2001 summer as he signed a four-year contract with Valencia CF which involved a swap-deal, with Zlatko Zahovič moving in the opposite direction. Having signed as a cover for ageing Miroslav Đukić, he took a while to impress in his first season (16 appearances) as Valencia clinched its first league title in 30 years, but gradually became first-choice.
In the 2003–04 campaign, with the club capturing an historic league and UEFA Cup double, Marchena played a pivotal role in defense, teaming up with Roberto Ayala. These performances led to his selection for the Spanish national team for the Euro 2004 tournament.
2004–05 was not a very successful season for Valencia, as under new coach Claudio Ranieri the team struggled both domestically and in European tournaments. In a UEFA Champions League group stage match against SV Werder Bremen at the Mestalla Stadium, he was also given his marching orders in the final minutes of the match (0–2 defeat) and Valencia was eliminated from the elite competition. Marchena remained a regular at both defensive positions.
During the Champions League match against Inter Milan on 6 March 2007, Marchena was involved in the on-pitch melee sparked by his teammate David Navarro: Marchena appeared to kick Inter defender Nicolás Burdisso after an angry exchange of words and, after Navarro punched the Argentine's nose, a scuffle took place with several of Burdisso's teammates chasing Navarro all the way into the dressing room.
Consequently Marchena, Navarro and several other Inter players involved were later charged with "gross unsporting conduct" by UEFA after the investigation. Both clubs were fined £106,000 while Marchena was banned for four games; after Euro 2008 Marchena was selected by Valencia teammates as new team captain, although he missed the first two months of the new season due to injury.
In the 2009–10 season, veteran Marchena contributed with 24 matches as the Che finished third and returned to the Champions League. He scored in two 3–1 away wins, against CA Osasuna and Xerez CD, only being booked seven times.
On 1 August 2010, 31-year-old Marchena signed with Villarreal CF for three years. On the 19th he made his official debut for the Valencian, opening the score in a 5–0 home win against FC Dnepr Mogilev for the campaign's Europa League.
Regularly used in both defensive positions again, Marchena scored his second goal for the Yellow Submarine on 7 April 2011, in the same competition, a 5–1 home success against FC Twente in the quarterfinals' first leg. He left at the end of 2011–12 after being released from contract, and his team also suffered relegation.
In the 2012 summer, Marchena initially joined Deportivo de La Coruña for one year. The Galicians were eventually relegated but he chose to remain for a further season, in spite of more lucrative offers.
Following Deportivo's return to the top flight in 2014, Marchena left the club and remained unemployed until 1 August 2015 when he signed for Indian Super League franchise Kerala Blasters FC as its marquee player. After missing the start of the season with injury, he made his debut on 18 October in a 0–1 home loss to Delhi Dynamos FC; on 4 November, he left due to personal reasons.
Marchena first appeared internationally for Spain in the youth squad alongside Xavi and Iker Casillas, winning the 1999 FIFA World Youth Championship. He was also on the roster for the 2000 Summer Olympics squad, winning the silver medal.
Marchena made his senior team debut on 21 August 2002, playing in a testimonial match for Hungarian legend Ferenc Puskás in Budapest, just after the 2002 FIFA World Cup in South Korea and Japan. Subsequently he was part of the nation's squads at UEFA Euro 2004, where he was chosen at the last minute by coach Iñaki Sáez as a strategic move to bolster his squad defensively; while Spain did not do well in the tournament and bowed out in the early stages, he did manage two appearances, although he also picked up two yellow cards while doing so.
On 8 June 2005 Marchena scored his first international goal, a last-minute equaliser in a 1–1 draw against Bosnia and Herzegovina for the 2006 World Cup qualifiers, played in Valencia. He was picked for the final squad, but only featured in the last group game against Saudi Arabia.
Marchena was selected again by Luis Aragonés for Euro 2008, this time as undisputed starter, having also featured prominently in the qualifying stages. With Carles Puyol, Sergio Ramos and Joan Capdevila, he formed a rock-solid defense and conceded only two goals in five games, his hard work and man-marking skills earning him a spot in the team of the tournament.
Under new coach Vicente del Bosque, Marchena slowly lost his spot to Gerard Piqué, but was still called up for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 2010 World Cup; as Spain downed Saudi Arabia on 29 May 2010 in preparation for the latter competition (where he played six minutes in the 1–0 quarterfinal win against Paraguay, adding two injury-time appearances), he played his 50th consecutive undefeated match with the national team, surpassing previous holder Garrincha (49).
|1.||8 June 2005||Mestalla, Valencia, Spain||Bosnia and Herzegovina||1–1||1–1||2006 World Cup qualification|
|2.||22 August 2007||Toumba, Thessaloniki, Greece||Greece||1–1||2–3||Friendly|
- FIFA World Cup: 2010
- UEFA European Championship: 2008
- FIFA Confederations Cup: Third-place 2009
- FIFA U-20 World Cup: 1999
- Summer Olympic Games: Silver medal 2000
- "FIFA World Cup South Africa 2010: List of players" (PDF). FIFA.com. 4 June 2010. p. 29. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- Carlos Marchena Archived 1 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine.; at FIFA.com
- "Marchena, historia de España" [Marchena, history of Spain] (in Spanish). Marca. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- Tablas en el retorno a Primera (Tie in return to Primera); Mundo Deportivo, 23 August 1999 (Spanish)
- Marchena quatro temporadas no Benfica (Marchena four seasons in Benfica); Record, 6 June 2000 (Portuguese)
- Salgueiros-Benfica, 1–2: Marchena e Meira empurraram e Van Hooijdonk acabou a obra (Salgueiros-Benfica, 1–2: Marchena and Meira pushed forward and Van Hooijdonk the finisher); Record, 8 January 2001 (Portuguese)
- Benfica pode perder Marchena (Benfica may lose Marchena); Record, 31 October 2000 (Portuguese)
- Benfica acerta com Valência troca de Marchena por Zahovic (Benfica arranges Marchena/Zahovic swap with Valencia); Record, 20 June 2001 (Portuguese)
- "Valencia 2–0 Marseille". BBC Sport. 19 May 2004. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- UEFA charge Valencia and Inter over Champions League brawl; The Guardian, 7 March 2007
- Valencia cruise past nine-man Osasuna; ESPN Soccernet, 22 November 2009
- Valencia heap more misery on Xerez; ESPN Soccernet, 10 January 2010
- Marchena ya es oficialmente jugador del Villarreal (Marchena officially a Villarreal player); Marca, 1 August 2010 (Spanish)
- Five-star Villarreal leave Twente dazed; UEFA.com, 7 April 2011
- El Submarino le da la carta de libertad a Carlos Marchena (The Submarine releases Marchena); Diario AS, 22 May 2012 (Spanish)
- "Llega Carlos Marchena, un campeón del mundo para reforzar la defensa deportivista" [Enter Carlos Marchena, world champion to bolster deportivista defense] (in Spanish). Deportivo La Coruña. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- "Marchena llega al Dépor por una temporada" [Marchena arrives to Dépor for one season] (in Spanish). La Voz de Galicia. 31 August 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- "Marchena: ´He antepuesto la felicidad al dinero´" [Marchena: ´I chose happiness over money´] (in Spanish). La Opinión A Coruña. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- "Marchena intuye que su etapa en el Deportivo toca a su fin" [Marchena senses that his spell at Deportivo has come to an end] (in Spanish). Marca. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Indian Super League: Marchena for Blasters". The Hindu. 1 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Indian Super League 2015: Carlos Marchena to miss Kerala Blasters' opening match". International Business Times. 27 September 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Gadze goal defuses Kerala Blasters, gives Delhi Dynamos narrow victory". New Indian Express. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Kerala Blasters marquee player Carlos Marchena leaves club". NDTV Sports. 4 November 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- "Spain World Cup winner Marchena retires aged 36". Reuters. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Poca luz para tanto estreno" [Too little light for so many premieres] (in Spanish). El País. 22 August 2002. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- "Sáez selects Spain squad". UEFA.com. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "Marchena salvages last-gasp point". UEFA.com. 8 June 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Luis Aragonés llama a Marchena y descarta a Morientes para el Mundial" [Luis Aragonés calls Marchena and cuts Morientes for World Cup] (in Spanish). Diario Córdoba. 16 May 2006. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "2008 team of the tournament". UEFA.com. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- Spain unveil Confeds squad; FIFA.com, 1 June 2009
- Marchena alcanza 50 partidos seguidos sin perder y supera a Garrincha (Marchena plays 50 straight games without losing and passes Garrincha); Diario AS, 29 May 2010 (Spanish)
- "Marchena: Carlos Marchena López". BDFutbol. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- "Marchena". Soccerway. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- Includes Copa del Rey and Supercopa de España
- Includes UEFA Cup, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Super Cup and UEFA Intertoto Cup
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