Carlos Mardel

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Carlos Mardel
Carlos Mardel.jpg
Portrait, circa 1760.
Born
Martell Károly

c. 1695
Died8 September 1763
NationalityHungarian
Portuguese
OccupationArchitect
Signature
Assinatura Carlos Mardel.svg

Carlos Mardel (born Martell Károly; Pressburg; c. 1695 - Lisbon; 8 September 1763) was a Hungarian-Portuguese military officer, engineer, and architect. Mardel is primarily remembered for his role in the reconstruction effort after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.[1]

Career[edit]

Carlos Mardel was born Martell Károly, in Pressburg (now Bratislava), then in the Kingdom of Hungary, around 1695.[2] He served in the militaries of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Mardel first came to Portugal in 1733, as a sergeant-major of engineering for a Portuguese infantry. By 1735, Mardel had become the managing architect of the Águas Livres Aqueduct. In this project, he personally designed and oversaw the construction of the Amoreiras Monumental Arch and the Mãe d'Água Water Reserve.[3]

It is known that Mardel was a part of the Portuguese Freemason lodge Casa Real dos Pedreiros Livres da Lusitânia, which operated between 1733 and 1738.[3]

In 1747, owing to his work on the Águas Livres water system, Mardel was appointed Architect of the Royal Household and of the Ancient Military Orders.

Following the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, Mardel was one of the primary architects responsible for the city's reconstruction, alongside Eugénio dos Santos and Manuel da Maia. His roofing designs became a staple of the city's reconstruction.[3]

In 1759, Mardel began construction on a country manor in Oeiras for Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the prime-minister at the time for King Joseph I of Portugal.[4] The palace, known as the Palace of the Marquis of Pombal, is considered one of his magna opera.[3]

By 1762, Mardel had reached the rank of colonel in the Portuguese army.

Works[edit]

Note: Italicized works were incomplete when Mardel ceased management of them.

  • Águas Livre Water System; 1735-1745
  • Mãe d'Água Water Reserve; 1745-1763
  • Chafariz da Esperança; 1752-1763
  • Chafariz do Rato; 1753-1754
  • Estaus Palace; 1755-?
  • Palace of the Marquis of Pombal; 1759-1763
  • Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Nova (gate and cloister); 1761

References[edit]

  1. ^ CM de Oeiras - Palacios e Quintas Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Redacção Quidnovi, com coordenação de José Hermano Saraiva, História de Portugal, Dicionário de Personalidades, Volume XVII, Ed. QN-Edição e Conteúdos, S.A., 2004
  3. ^ a b c d António Henrique Rodrigo de Oliveira Marques. Dicionário de Maçonaria Portuguesa. Volume II. Colunas 948-9.
  4. ^ Direção-Geral do Património Cultural - Palácio dos marqueses de Pombal, abrangendo o jardim, casa de pesca e cascata junta