Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart, 14th Duke of Alba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Carlos Miguel FitzJames Stuart
Duke of Alba (more)
Spouse(s) Rosalia de Ventimiglia
Issue
Jacopo Stuart-FitzJames, 8th Duke of Liria y Xerica
Enrique FitzJames-Stuart y Ventimiglia, Count of Galve
Luis Fernando FitzJames-Stuart y Ventimiglia
Noble family House of FitzJames
Father Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 5th Duque de Liria y Jérica
Mother Maria Teresa Fernandez de Silva y de Palafóx
Born 19 May 1794
Madrid, Spain
Died 7 October 1835(1835-10-07) (aged 41)
Sion, Switzerland

Don Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart y Silva, 14th Duke of Alba, Grandee of Spain 1st Class (19 May 1794 – 7 October 1835) was a Spanish aristocrat.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in Madrid, Spain, in 1794, he was a descendant of James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick and through him, the exiled King James II of England & VII of Scotland. He was the second surviving son of the 5th Duke of Berwick and inherited that family's title's on his elder brother the 6th Duke's death in 1795. He was also a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece of Spain.

In 1819, he married the Italian noblewoman Rosalía de Candia-Ventimiglia di Grammonte y Moncada (Palermo, 1798–1868).[2] from the Ventimiglia di Grammonti family in Rome. He became the 14th Duke of Alba in 1802 following the death of the childless 13th Duchess of Alba — he thus became a Grandee of Spain on ten counts.

The 14th Duke of Alba's wife, Rosalía Ventimiglia y Moncada (1798–1868). Sculpture by Lorenzo Bartolini (1777–1850), Madrid, Fundación Casa de Alba, Palacio de Liria.

They had three children :

This title of Count of Galve was awarded by the first time in 1557. This title came back not to Enrique's nephew Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 15th Duke of Alba, deceased 1881, but to the 16th Duke of Alba since 1881, Jacobo's oldest son Carlos María Fitz-James Stuart, 16th Duke of Alba.

  • Luis Fernando FitzJames-Stuart y Ventimiglia.

Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart died aged 41 on 7 October 1835, in Sion, Switzerland, and was succeeded as Duke of Alba on that year by his eldest son.

Ancestry[edit]

Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart was a direct descendant of the King James II of England through his illegitimate son James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick by his mistress Arabella Churchill.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 19 May 1794 – 5 January 1795: Don Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart
  • 5 January 1795 – 23 July 1802: His Excellency The Duke of Liria and Xérica, Duke of Berwick
  • 23 July 1802 – 7 October 1835: The Most Excellent The Duke of Alba

Spanish titles[edit]

Jacobite titles[edit]

Sicilian titles[edit]


Spanish nobility
Preceded by
María Cayetana de Silva
Duke of Alba
1802 – 1835
Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart
Duke of Berwick
1802 – 1835
Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart
Italian nobility
Preceded by
María Cayetana de Silva
Count of Modica
1802 – 1835
Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cokayne, G.E.; Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed.. 13 volumes in 14. 1910-1959. Reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000.
  2. ^ "Person Page 8724". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2011-11-12.