Carlos Seixas

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Carlos Seixas
Carlos Seixas.jpg
Born 11 June 1704
Coimbra, Portugal
Died 25 August 1742 (1742-08-26) (aged 38)
Lisbon, Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Occupation Composer

José António Carlos de Seixas, (11 June 1704 – 25 August 1742), was a Portuguese composer, the son of the cathedral organist, Francisco Vaz and Marcelina Nunes.

Life[edit]

Seixas was born in Coimbra. He succeeded his father as organist in 1718 at age fourteen, and two years later moved to Lisbon, where he gave harpsichord lessons and met Domenico Scarlatti who was living in Portugal from 1721 to 1728. It is claimed that when the king's son, Dom António, arranged for Scarlatti to give Seixas harpsichord lessons, Scarlatti replied that it was Seixas who should give him lessons. Seixas later became organist in the court chapel and Lisbon cathedral as well as court composer. He was knighted in 1738 by John V of Portugal. He married at 28 and had five children, two sons and three daughters. Seixas died of rheumatic fever.

Works[edit]

Seixas was influenced by the German Empfindsamer Stil (literally 'sensitive style'). Much of his work was destroyed in the earthquake that devastated Lisbon in 1755. Only three orchestral pieces and around 100 keyboard sonatas survived, plus a handful of choral works for liturgical use (much more conservative than what one would expect from his instrumental music).

Macario Santiago Kastner published collections of the sonatas in Portugaliae Musica.

Selected recordings[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alvarenga, João Pedro (1995), Carlos Seixas: 12 Sonatas, Lisboa, Musicoteca.
  • Bernardes, J. M. R. e Bernardes, I. R. S. (2003), Uma Discografia de Cds da Composição Musical em Portugal: Do Século XIII aos Nossos Dias, INCM, pp. 222-234. [Contém 45 referências discográficas].
  • Cruz, Maria Antonieta de Lima (1943), Carlos de Seixas, Lisboa, Parceria António Maria Pereira.
  • Heimes, Klaus F. "Seixas, (José António) Carlos de". In Macy, Laura. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.  (subscription required)
  • Kastner, Macário Santiago (1935), Cravistas Portugueses, Mainz, B. Schott’s Söhne, volume I.
  • Kastner, Macário Santiago (1950), Cravistas Portugueses, Mainz, B. Schott’s Söhne, volume II.
  • Kastner, Macario Santiago (1947), Carlos de Seixas. Coimbra, Coimbra Editora.
  • Kastner, Macario Santiago (ed.), (1965), Carlos Seixas: 80 Sonatas para Instrumentos de Tecla (2 vols.). Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, (2.ª ed. 1992).
  • Kastner, Macario Santiago e João Valeriano (ed.), (1985) Carlos Seixas: 25 Sonatas para Instrumentos de Tecla. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.
  • Kastner, Macario Santiago (1988), "Carlos Seixas: Sus inquietudes entre lo barroco y lo prerromántico", Barcelona, Anuário Musical, CSIC, n.º 43, pp. 163–187.
  • Machado, Diogo Barbosa (1965-1967), Biblioteca Lusitana, 4 volumes, Coimbra, Atlântida Editora.
  • Mazza, José (1944-1945), Dicionário Biográfico de Músicos Portugueses, ed. e notas de José Augusto Alegria, Ocidente, Lisboa, Tipografia da Editorial Império.
  • Nery, Rui Vieira (1984), A Música no Ciclo da Bibliotheca Lusitana, Lisboa, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.
  • Pedrosa Cardoso, José Maria (Coord.), (2004), Carlos Seixas, de Coimbra, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade.
  • Ribeiro, Mário de Sampaio (1939), José António Carlos de Seixas, Coimbra, Coimbra Editora, Separata de "Biblos", Volume 14.
  • Vasconcelos, Joaquim de (1870), Os Músicos Portuguezes: Biografia, Bibliografia, 2 volumes, Porto, Imprensa Portugueza.
  • Vasconcellos, Jorge Croner de e Fernandes, Armando José (1975), Carlos Seixas: Tocatas e Minuetes, Lisboa, Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa.
  • Vieira, Ernesto (2007/1900), Diccionario Biographico de Musicos Portuguezes, Lisboa, Lambertini, Edição Facsimilada de Arquimedes Livros.

External links[edit]