|Born||Carlos Modesto Villaluz Francisco
November 4, 1912
Angono, Rizal, Philippine Islands
|Died||March 31, 1969
Angono, Rizal, Philippines
|Cause of death||Tuberculosis|
|Resting place||Heroes' Cemetery, Taguig, Philippines|
|Parent(s)||Felipe Francisco (father)
Maria Villaluz (mother)
Early life and career
Francisco was a most distinguished practitioner of mural painting for many decades and best known for his historical pieces. He was one of the first Filipino modernists along with Galo Ocampo and Victorio C. Edades who broke away from Fernando Amorsolo's romanticism of Philippine scenes. According to restorer Helmuth Josef Zotter, Francisco's art "is a prime example of linear painting where lines and contours appear like cutouts."
His great works include Blood Compact, First Mass at Limasawa, The Martyrdom of Rizal, Bayanihan, Magpupukot, Fiesta, Bayanihan sa Bukid, Sandugo, Portrait of Purita, The Invasion of Limahong, Serenade, and Muslim Betrothal. Some of his murals have suffered damage over the years. The "Pageant of Commerce" emerged from several years of restoration in 2000. His murals in the lobby of the Philippine General Hospital were restored for the 3rd time in 2007.
- Francisco, Carlos Modesto (1989). Botong: Alay at Alaala. Coordinating Center for the Visual Arts of the Cultural Center of the Philippines. p. 5. ASIN B0006EWXAK.
- Francisco, Carlos Modesto (1989). Botong: Alay at Alaala. Coordinating Center for the Visual Arts of the Cultural Center of the Philippines. p. 1. ASIN B0006EWXAK.
- Alex Y. Vergara "How to Save a Botong Francisco," Philippine Daily Inquirer https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=uFU1AAAAIBAJ&sjid=aiUMAAAAIBAJ&dq=botong%20francisco&pg=1101%2C10899235 with the continuation at https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=uFU1AAAAIBAJ&sjid=aiUMAAAAIBAJ&dq=botong%20francisco&pg=1833%2C10885947
- Allison Lopez "Art docs work on ‘dying’ Botong murals in PGH," Inquirer August 30, 2007 http://services.inquirer.net/print/print.php?article_id=20070830-85508
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