Carlotta Walls LaNier
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|Carlotta Walls LaNier|
December 18, 1942 |
Little Rock, AR
|Known for||One of the Little Rock Nine|
Carlotta Walls LaNier (born December 18, 1942) was the youngest of the Little Rock Nine, a group of African-American students who, in 1957, were the first black students ever to attend classes at Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. She was the first black female to graduate from Central High School. In 1999, LaNier and the other people of the Little Rock Nine were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by President Bill Clinton.
Early life and education
Carlotta Walls LaNier was born in 1942 Little Rock, Arkansas to Juanita and Cartelyou Walls. Cartelyou was a brick mason and a World War II veteran, while Juanita was a secretary in the Office of Public Housing. Cartelyou passed away in 1976 due to Leukemia.
Carlotta first attended Dunbar Junior High School, a segregated school in Little Rock. However, after graduating, she volunteered to be one of the first African-Americans to attend Central High School. She married Ira (Ike) LaNier in 1968 with whom she had two children, Whitney and Brooke. She has two grandchildren, a granddaughter and a grandson. She currently resides in Englewood, Colorado.
On September 4, 1957, the Little Rock Nine made an unsuccessful attempt to enter Central High School, which had been segregated. The Arkansas National Guard, under orders from the governor, and an angry mob of about 400 surrounded the school and prevented them from going in. On September 23, 1957, a mob of about 1000 people surrounded the school again as the students attempted to enter. The following day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower took control of the Arkansas National Guard from the governor and sent soldiers to accompany the students to school for protection. Soldiers were deployed at the school for the entirety of the school year, although they were unable to prevent incidents of violence against the group inside.
In 1958, Carlotta and the rest of the Little Rock Nine were awarded the Spingarn Medal by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), as was Daisy Bates. Still, the crisis resulted on all of Little Rock’s high schools being closed during that year. Despite this, Carlotta returned to Central High in 1959 and graduated in 1960.
After all her experiences she was fairly silent to speak out about them. She spoke at many places and specifically she spoke at U.C. Riverside. "We the parents of the nine colored children who have enrolled at Little Rock Central High School want you to know that your actions in safe guarding their rights have strengthened our faith in democracy"(Wexler, 105). As she has used her silence to remember her experience it is important to note that during this historical moment the support and change brought faith into a nation that was segregated for too long.
Daisy was a great advocate and leader of Little Rock Nine, but Carlotta was the child who took those brave steps toward desegregation. According to Black Women in America Social Activism by Darlene Clark Hine and Kathleen Thompson, "National guard troops were not the only hindrances to the nine's entrance Central High"(Vol, 10). This day of history faced many challenges by unsupportive parents and citizens revolving around the desegregation of the high school. Mobs were formed outside of the school threatening and cursing the children taking the steps
Her thoughts about the Civil Rights Movement is, "The Civil Rights Movement was and still is a necessary movement for ALL people to be treated fairly and equally under the law. We must stay vigilant whereby we improve upon them instead of doing away of a specific law. You tweet instead of eliminate." 
Now years later Walls-LaNier spoke in Denver, Colorado saying, "She hoped of having her book A Mighty Long Way available at the fiftieth anniversary of entering Central in September 2007". The event took place was motivating to her life to influence her to write a book of her story and experience during the civil rights movement. Writing this book is a leading factor to the significance of Carlotta Walls-LaNier and the impact that her life has had on history and on those who will engage in it.
College and career
Following her graduation from Central High in 1960, Walls attended Michigan State University for 2 years. However, her father was unable to find a job because of the crisis surrounding his daughter, and they moved to Denver, Colorado. LaNier graduated from Colorado State College (now the University of Northern Colorado) and began working at the YWCA as a program administrator for teens. In 1977, she founded LaNier and Company, a real estate brokerage company.
For over 30 years, LaNier has worked as a professional real estate broker. Currently, she is working with Brokers Guild-Cherry Creek Ltd. and formerly worked with Prudential Colorado Real Estate. LaNier is a member of Metrolist, Inc.
Honors and awards
LaNier and the Little Rock Nine have received numerous awards and recognition, including the prestigious Spingarn Medal from the NAACP in 1958, and the nation’s highest civilian award, the Congressional Gold Medal, which was bestowed upon them in 1999 by President Bill Clinton. Other prestigious recognition include the Pierre Marquette Award and recently the Lincoln Leadership Prize from the Abraham Lincoln Library Foundation. She has been a member of the Urban League, NAACP, and is currently president of the Little Rock Nine Foundation, a scholarship organization dedicated to ensuring equal access to education for African Americans. She has served as a trustee for the Iliff School of Theology in Denver, and the University of Northern Colorado.
LaNier was named a “Woman of Distinction” by the Girl Scouts in 2000, and was inducted into the Colorado Women's Hall of Fame in 2004. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in October 2015. She recently received the National Shining Star Award from NOBEL/Women (National Organization of Black Elected Legislative Women).
- A Mighty Long Way: My Journey to Justice at Little Rock Central High School. With Lisa Frazier Page. OneWorld/Ballantine, 2009, ISBN 034551100X.
- LaNier, Carlotta (February 22, 2018). e-mail message to author. Missing or empty
- Wexler, Sanford (1993). The Civil Rights Movement an eyewitness story. New York: Facts on file.
- Hine, Darlene Clark; Thompson, Kathleen (1997). Black Women in America Social Activism (10 ed.). New York: Facts on File.
- October 3, 2015. "10 women honored at Hall of Fame induction". Democratandchronicle.com. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
- Carlotta Walls LaNier at America.gov
- Carlotta LaNier entry at the Colorado Women's Hall of Fame
- "Changing Minds: The Youngest of the Little Rock Nine Talks Justice" --an August 2009 interview with Carlotta Walls LaNier from Books on the Root
- A Mighty Long Way book review at The Huffington Post
- Little Rock Nine Foundation website
- Carlotta Walls LaNier on IMDb