Carlow Borough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Carlow Borough
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Number of membersOne
Replaced byCounty Carlow

Carlow Borough was a Parliamentary constituency in Ireland, represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) from 1801 to 1885.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency was the parliamentary borough of Carlow in County Carlow.

The boundaries of the Cities and Boroughs in Ireland were defined by an Act passed in 1832, whose long title was "An Act to settle and describe the Limits of Cities, Towns, and Boroughs in Ireland, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament." This legislation was subsequently given the short title of the Parliamentary Boundaries (Ireland) Act 1832.

The boundaries of this constituency were described as follows.

"From the Point below the Town at which the River Barrow is met by the Southern Wall of the Grounds of the House belonging to Mr. Carey, Adjutant to the Carlow Militia, Eastward, along the said Wall to the Point at which the same meets the Kilkenny Road; thence in a straight Line to the Southern Corner of the Infirmary; thence in a straight Line to the Point a little above the Barracks at which the River Burren is joined by a small Stream; thence up the said Stream, and across the Tullow Road, to the Point at which the same Stream is met by a Hedge which runs down thereto from opposite the Southern End of the Plantation attached to the House on the Baltinglass Road which belongs to Mr. Hunt and is occupied by Mr. Butler; thence along the said Hedge to the Point at which the same meets the Baltinglass Road; thence in a straight Line in the Direction of the Cupola of the Lunatic Asylum to the Point at which such straight Line cuts a Road which runs between the Baltinglass Road and the Dublin Road; thence in a straight Line to a Gate on the Eastern Side of the Dublin Road which is distant about One hundred Yards to the North of the North-eastern Corner of the Enclosure Wall of the Lunatic Asylum; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the Road to Athy is met by the North Boundary of the Demesne of the Roman Catholic Bishop; thence along the said Boundary till it meets the River at the Point; thence along the River to the North Corner of the Wall of the Burial Ground; thence in a straight Line to the Spire of Graigue Church; thence in a straight Line to the Summer House in Mr. Wilson's Garden; thence in a straight Line to the Point first described."

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party Note
1801 Hon. Henry Prittie Succeeded as the 2nd Baron Dunalley
1801 Hon. Francis Aldborough Prittie Resigned (appointed Escheator of Munster)
1801 Charles Ormsby Tory Appointed Recorder of Prince of Wales Island
1806 Michael Symes
1806 Hon. F. J. Robinson Prime Minister (1827–1828) as the 1st Viscount Goderich
1807 Andrew Strahan Tory
1812 Frederick Falkiner
1818 Charles Harvey-Saville-Onley Tory
1826 Charles Bury Tory[1]
1832 Nicholas Aylward Vigors Repeal Association[2][1]
1835 Francis Bruen Conservative[2][1]
1837 William Henry Maule Whig[1] Appointed a Baron of the English Court of Exchequer
1839 Francis Bruen Conservative[2][1] Unseated on petition
1839 Thomas Gisborne Whig[1] Seated on petition
1841 Brownlow Layard Whig[3][4][5]
1847 John Sadleir Whig[6][7]
1852 Independent Irish Party[2] Accepted an office. Defeated for re-election as a Liberal.
1853 John Alexander Conservative[2]
1859 Sir John Dalberg-Acton, Bt Liberal
1865 Thomas Stock Liberal
1868 William Fagan Liberal
1874 Henry Owen Lewis Home Rule League
1880 Charles Dawson Home Rule League Member of the Parnellite faction
1885 Constituency merged into County Carlow

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1852: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Irish John Sadleir 112 54.1
Conservative Robert Clayton Browne 95 45.9
Majority 17 8.2
Turnout 207 87.3
Registered electors 237
Independent Irish gain from Whig Swing

Sadleir was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 20 January 1853: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Alexander 97 51.6 +5.7
Whig John Sadleir[8] 91 48.4 −5.7
Majority 6 3.2 N/A
Turnout 188 90.4 +3.1
Registered electors 208
Conservative gain from Independent Irish Swing +5.7
General Election 1857: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Alexander 127 61.7 +15.8
Whig Arthur Edward Valette Ponsonby[9] 79 38.3 −15.8
Majority 48 23.3 N/A
Turnout 206 85.8 −1.5
Registered electors 240
Conservative gain from Independent Irish Swing +15.8
General Election 1859: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Dalberg-Acton 117 53.2 +14.9
Conservative John Alexander 103 46.8 −14.9
Majority 14 6.4 N/A
Turnout 220 93.2 +7.4
Registered electors 236
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +14.9

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Stock 126 54.1 +0.9
Conservative Horace Rochfort 107 45.9 −0.9
Majority 19 8.2 +1.8
Turnout 233 91.4 −1.8
Registered electors 255
Liberal hold Swing +0.9
General Election 1868: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Fagan 174 53.7 −0.4
Conservative Horace Rochfort 150 46.3 +0.4
Majority 24 7.4 −0.8
Turnout 324 92.0 +0.6
Registered electors 352
Liberal hold Swing −0.4

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Henry Owen Lewis Unopposed
Registered electors 303
Home Rule gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Carlow Borough[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule League (Parnellite) Charles Dawson 149 52.5 N/A
Conservative Henry Thomas Butler 135 47.5 N/A
Majority 14 4.9 N/A
Turnout 284 94.0 N/A
Registered electors 302
Home Rule hold Swing N/A

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 217. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  3. ^ The Spectator, Volume 14. F. C. Westley. p. 655. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1843). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 11. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 174. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ "Weekly Compendium". Newcastle Journal. 31 July 1841. p. 4. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  6. ^ "Irish Elections". Drogheda Argus and Leinster Journal. 7 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  7. ^ "The General Election". Morning Post. 9 August 1847. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  8. ^ "Cork Constitution". 6 January 1853. p. 1. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  9. ^ "Election Preparations". Dublin Evening Mail. 25 March 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 15 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978) ISBN 0-901714-12-7
  • The House of Commons 1790–1820, edited by R.G. Thorne (Secker & Warburg 1986) ISBN 0-436-52101-6