Carlstadt, New Jersey
|Carlstadt, New Jersey|
|Borough of Carlstadt|
Former firehouse, now home of the Carlstadt Historical Society
Map highlighting Carlstadt's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Carlstadt, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||June 27, 1894|
|Named for||Dr. Carl Klein|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Craig J. Lahullier (R, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Operations manager||Joe Crifasi|
|• Clerk||Claire Foy|
|• Total||4.243 sq mi (10.989 km2)|
|• Land||3.999 sq mi (10.358 km2)|
|• Water||0.244 sq mi (0.632 km2) 5.75%|
|Area rank||289th of 566 in state
18th of 70 in county
|Elevation||13 ft (4 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||6,279|
|• Rank||339th of 566 in state
54th of 70 in county
|• Density||1,532.1/sq mi (591.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||332nd of 566 in state
63rd of 70 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885180|
Carlstadt is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,127, reflecting an increase of 210 (+3.5%) from the 5,917 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 407 (+7.4%) from the 5,510 counted in the 1990 Census.
Carlstadt was originally formed as a village by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 12, 1860, within Lodi Township. Most sources indicate that the community was named for Dr. Carl Klein, the leader of a group of early German settlers who led the project to establish the community though Henry Gannett stated that the name derived from the city of Karlovac in Croatia, which was known as "Carlstatdt" in German. The Borough of Carlstadt was incorporated on June 27, 1894, formally set off from Bergen Township. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Economy
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Emergency services
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 Sources
- 11 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 4.243 square miles (10.989 km2), including 3.999 square miles (10.358 km2) of land and 0.244 square miles (0.632 km2) of water (5.75%).
Carlstadt is bordered on the south by East Rutherford in Bergen County, Secaucus and North Bergen in Hudson County, on the north by Wood-Ridge and Moonachie (Bergen) to the east by Ridgefield and South Hackensack (Bergen), and to the northwest by Wallington (Bergen). It is approximately 8 miles (13 km) northwest of New York City and 95 miles (153 km) northeast of Philadelphia.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,127 people, 2,378 households, and 1,579 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,532.1 per square mile (591.5/km2). There were 2,495 housing units at an average density of 623.9 per square mile (240.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 81.41% (4,988) White, 2.38% (146) Black or African American, 0.16% (10) Native American, 8.23% (504) Asian, 0.07% (4) Pacific Islander, 5.35% (328) from other races, and 2.40% (147) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 18.02% (1,104) of the population.
There were 2,378 households, of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the borough, 20.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,255 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,455) and the median family income was $71,506 (+/- $5,117). Males had a median income of $50,994 (+/- $7,494) versus $41,333 (+/- $6,468) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,403 (+/- $3,646). About 7.2% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,917 people, 2,393 households, and 1,593 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,496.4 people per square mile (578.4/km2). There were 2,473 housing units at an average density of 625.4 per square mile (241.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 88.90% White, 1.37% African American, 0.08% Native American, 6.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.13% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.99% of the population.
There were 2,393 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 19.0% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $55,058, and the median income for a family was $62,040. Males had a median income of $46,540 versus $36,804 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,713. About 3.1% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
Corporate residents include:
- Lion Brand, America's oldest manufacturer of craft yarn.
- Pantone, corporation headquartered in Carlstadt.
- Yoo-hoo, a famous product of Carlstadt.
Carlstadt is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Maywood, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], the mayor of Carlstadt is Republican Craig J. Lahullier, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Borough Council (with their party affiliation, term-end year and liaison chairmanships listed in parentheses) are Council President David Stoltz (R, 2016; Public Works / Property / Recycling), Richard E. Bartlett (R, 2016; Fire Department / Health), Joe Emerson (R, 2017; Recreation / Street Lighting), James Lenoy (R, 2017; Finance), William D. "Bill" Shockley (R, 2018; Planning / Zoning) and Robert J. "Bob" Zimmermann (R, 2018; Borough Equipment / Projects).
In January 2014, Joseph Emerson was appointed from among three nominees offered to fill the vacant seat of Dennis Ritchie that was scheduled to expire in December 2014.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 36th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Paul Sarlo (D, Wood-Ridge) and in the General Assembly by Marlene Caride (D, Ridgefield) and Gary Schaer (D, Passaic). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2015[update], the County Executive is James J. Tedesco III (D, Paramus; term ends December 31, 2018). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2017; Fort Lee), Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge), David L. Ganz (D, 2017; Fair Lawn), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes) Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes). Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale), Sheriff Michael Saudino (R) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,420 registered voters in Carlstadt, of which 897 (26.2% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 734 (21.5% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 1,788 (52.3% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 55.8% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 70.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,416 votes (53.5% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 1,165 votes (44.0% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 34 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 2,646 ballots cast by the borough's 3,663 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.2% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,481 votes (51.9% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,316 votes (46.1% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 34 votes (1.2% vs. 0.8%), among the 2,854 ballots cast by the borough's 3,707 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.0% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,414 votes (49.7% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,377 votes (48.4% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 33 votes (1.2% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,845 ballots cast by the borough's 3,696 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.0% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.5% of the vote (997 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 38.1% (628 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (23 votes), among the 1,694 ballots cast by the borough's 3,520 registered voters (46 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 48.1%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 942 votes (50.2% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 773 votes (41.2% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 115 votes (6.1% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 15 votes (0.8% vs. 0.5%), among the 1,878 ballots cast by the borough's 3,551 registered voters, yielding a 52.9% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
Public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade are served by the Carlstadt Public Schools. As of the 2013-14 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 594 students and 44.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.4:1. With the opening of the new Carlstadt Public School, which now serves all of Carlstadt's K-8 students, the Lincoln and Washington school sites have been turned over to the borough and plans have been developed to convert the sites for senior housing.
For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend the Henry P. Becton Regional High School in East Rutherford, which serves high school students from both Carlstadt and East Rutherford as part of the Carlstadt-East Rutherford Regional School District.
Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
The Carlstadt Police Department is headed by Police Chief Thomas Nielsen. The department's first chief, Charles Schmidt, was appointed in 1907.
The Carlstadt Fire Department (CFD) is an all-volunteer fire department. The CFD was organized in March 1872 and consists of one Chief, one assistant chief, one deputy chief and one battalion chief. The department is staffed by 80 fully trained firefighters. The CFD utilizes three Engines, a Ladder truck, a Heavy Rescue and a boat. The Chief of the Department for 2015 is Thomas Sabia, the Assistant Chief is Tony D'Amico, Deputy Chief is Stephen Capuano, and the Battalion Chief is Brian Cervasio.
Emergency medical services are provided in the borough by the Carlstadt Volunteer Ambulance Corps (CVAC), established on January 1, 1974. The charitable organization has roughly 25 volunteer members on the roster (Emergency Medical Technicians and First Aiders). CVAC is led by a corps voted Captain and Lieutenant, and are managed by a Board of Officers composed solely of corps members. CVAC is part of NJ's First Aid Council, District 24. CVAC is based out of a borough-owned building at 424 Hackensack Street. They currently operate two Ford ambulances and a 2000 Ford Expedition utility vehicle, also owned by the Borough. CVAC responds to approximately 1500 emergency calls per year.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 27.82 miles (44.77 km) of roadways, of which 21.48 miles (34.57 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.85 miles (4.59 km) by Bergen County and 1.36 miles (2.19 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.13 miles (3.43 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Route 120, County Route 503, and the western spur of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) serve Carlstadt. No interchange from the turnpike directly serves Carlstadt, but there is an entry and exit point for the Meadowlands Sports Complex. The 18W high-speed tollgate is located in the borough, but the nearest turnpike interchange is in East Rutherford.
New Jersey Transit bus service is available to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 161, 163 and 164 routes; to Newark on the 76; and to other New Jersey communities served on the 703 and 772 routes.
Carlstadt once had a rail station on the Hackensack and New York Railroad (later reformed as the New Jersey and New York Railroad), which closed in 1967, and was located on tracks that are used by the Pascack Valley Line of New Jersey Transit.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Carlstadt include:
- Ernest Cuneo (1905–1988), professional football player, lawyer, newspaperman, author and spy.
- Mark DeRosa (born 1975), baseball analyst and retired MLB third baseman / outfielder.
- Dutch Dorman (1902–1988), long-time minor league baseball player and manager who was a scout for the Philadelphia Phillies and Atlanta Braves.
- John McGrath (c. 1920–2012), United States Army soldier whose service with Easy Company during World War II was mentioned in the book Band of Brothers by historian Stephen E. Ambrose and was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Stephen Walters.
- Marc Rizzo (born 1977), lead guitarist of Brazilian Metal band Soulfly.
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- Beller, Peter C. "Bearing Gifts, Restoring the Temple Amid the Ruins Left by Katrina", The Jewish Daily Forward, March 17, 2006. Accessed July 5, 2011. "There's even been an avalanche of blankets, sweaters, caps and gloves donated by 350,000 knitting enthusiasts who subscribe to a newsletter put out by the Lion Brand Yarn Company of Carlstadt, N.J."
- Horyn, Cathy. "Pantone's Color of the Year Is...", The New York Times, December 20, 2007. Accessed September 8, 2008. "Nonetheless, Pantone's choice of blue iris, or No. 18-3943, got some news media attention last week, which seemed to be partly the objective of the company, which is based in Carlstadt, N.J."
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- "SALLIE REBER'S SAD DEATH; A MYSTERY IN WHICH JAMES D. FISH'S CONCERNED. SUSPICIOUS CIRCUMSTANCES CONNECTED WITH THE AFFAIR--A NEW-JERSEY DOCTOR'S STORY--"BREAKERS AHEAD.", The New York Times, May 7, 1885. Accessed May 31, 2012.
- Jones, Wilson E. The Pascack Valley Line - A History of the New Jersey and New York Railroad, Railroadians of America|location=East Hanover, New Jersey, 1996. ISBN 9780941652148.
- Staff. "Winchell's Big Brain", Baltimore Afro-American, March 15, 1952. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Cueno was born in Carlstadt, New Jersey, on May 27, 1905. He attended East Rutherford High School where he edited the school newspaper."
- Caldera, Pete. "DeRosa re-invents himself with Rangers", The Record (Bergen County), July 26, 2006. "'They gave me a chance to play again, and it's been a nice situation. It's been fun,' said DeRosa, a 1993 Bergen Catholic graduate from Carlstadt who has become an important fixture in Showalter's everyday lineup."
- Caldera, Pete. "DeRosa re-invents himself with Rangers", The Record (Bergen County), November 13, 2013. Accessed December 3, 2013. "DeRosa, a Carlstadt native and Bergen Catholic grad, had been a guest analyst for MLB Network during this past postseason, as well as in 2011."
- Fred Dorman, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed December 3, 2013.
- Levin, Jay. "John 'Jack' McGrath of Elmwood Park, hero depicted in 'Band of Brothers,' dies at 92", The Record (Bergen County), April 25, 2012. Accessed December 3, 2013. "John McGrath of Elmwood Park, a reluctant World War II hero whose derring-do became well known after his depiction in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers, died Tuesday.... The Carlstadt-born soldier had his moment on Page 100, where Ambrose describes how Mr. McGrath blew up a German tank with a bazooka shot — 'the critical moment,' Ambrose writes, in the Allied forces' taking of Carentan, France, during the invasion of Normandy."
- Aberback, Brian. "Carlstadt guitarist Marc Rizzo talks about his gigs with Soulfly", The Record (Bergen County), December 6, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011. "In his high school yearbook, Carlstadt native Marc Rizzo listed his future plans as "Playing guitar every day for the rest of my life. Rizzo, a 1995 graduate of Becton Regional High School in East Rutherford and current Sussex County resident, made good on his ambition."
- Clayton, W. Woodford; and Nelson, Nelson. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
- Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
- Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858-1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.
- Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.
- Carlstadt Borough website
- Carlstadt Public Schools
- Carlstadt Public Schools's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Carlstadt Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Carlstadt-East Rutherford Regional School District
- Carlstadt On-Line
- Carlstadt Today
- Carlstadt News
- Carlstadt on Bergen.com