Carlton & United Breweries
|Headquarters||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
Carlton & United Breweries is an Australian brewing company based in Abbotsford, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria. In 1983 it became a wholly owned subsidiary of Elders IXL and CUB was delisted. In 1990, Elders IXL was renamed as Foster's Group, and in July 2004, CUB changed its name to Carlton & United Beverages. In February 2009, Foster's announced the decision to separate the Australian Wine division from the Australian Beer, Cider & Spirits (BCS) division, and rename BCS to Carlton & United Breweries.
The history of Carlton & United Breweries / Beverages or CUB began when Carlton, Fosters, Victoria, Shamrock, Castlemaine and McCracken breweries formed into a cartel known as the Society of Melbourne Brewers in 1903. Emil Resch played a significant role in enabling the amalgamation. Resch also went on to become the first general manager of CUB. The merge allowed CUB to raise prices and remain profitable in what had been an unprofitable market. In 1907 this group merged into a single company known as the Carlton & United Breweries. The company became public in 1913 with the issue of 100,000 shares.
Over time it has bought out many other brewers, such as Abbotsford Co-operative Brewery in 1924 (a company set up by independent hoteliers to combat the anti-competitive nature of the Society of Melbourne Brewers.) Their first interstate acquisition was Northern Australian Breweries and the Cairns Brewery in 1931. Further acquisitions were the Ballarat Brewing Company, Queensland Brewery Ltd, Thos McLauchlin & Co Pty Ltd, Richmond Brewery and Tooth & Co.
In 1983 as an ironic twist of fate, CUB was wholly bought by Elders IXL, a giant Australian diversified conglomerate with Pastoral, Financial, Materials and Food interests. Elders Brewing Group (as it then became known as) continued to acquire brewing companies in the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. Finally in 1990 Elders Brewing Group changed its name to Foster's Group, to reflect the name of their most internationally recognised product.
In July 2004, Carlton & United Breweries changed its name to Carlton & United Beverages (retaining CUB acronym), citing the company's diversification into pre-mixed drinks, juices, ciders and non-alcoholic drinks.
In February 2009, Foster's announced the outcomes of a review of its global wine business, including the decision to separate the Australian Wine division from the Australian Beer, Cider & Spirits (BCS) division, and rename BCS to Carlton & United Breweries.
In mid-June 2016 CUB made the controversial decision to lay off 55 workers (mostly electricians and fitters) before inviting those same workers to reapply for their old jobs on individual contracts involving stripped conditions, clauses and significant pay cuts (the workers are suggesting a 65 per cent wage cut once penalty rates and other entitlements are factored in). 
SABMiller, CUB's global owner, responded to criticisms from the union movement that its action is not illegal as it has no direct contractual relationship with the maintenance crews that were laid off. Rather, it has a contractual relationship with one subcontractor and the action constitutes the "passing" of a contract to another, which has the prerogative to set pay and conditions of workers at its own discretion. SABMiller have made no comment regarding the lower pay and poorer conditions offered to workers.
The decision has generated considerable poor publicity for CUB, with a widespread social media campaign as well as union efforts to highlight the workers' plight, who argue the brewer has conducted a "transmission of business" manoeuvre.
|Abbotsford Invalid Stout||5.2%||375ml Bottles|
|Carlton Black||4.4%||Draught, 375ml Bottles|
|Carlton Cold||3.5%||355ml Bottles, 375ml Cans|
|Carlton Draught||4.6%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 375ml Cans, 750ml Bottles|
|Carlton Dry||4.5%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 375ml Cans, 750ml Bottles|
|Carlton Midstrength||3.5%||Dry, 375ml Bottles, 375ml Cans, 750ml Bottles|
|Crown Lager||4.9%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 700ml Bottles|
|Foster's Lager||4.9%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 375ml Cans, 750ml Bottles|
|Melbourne Bitter||4.6%||375ml Bottles, 375ml Cans, 750ml Bottles|
|NT Draught||5.4%||Draught, 2 Litre Bottles|
|Pure Blonde||4.6%||Draught, 355ml Bottles, 375ml Cans|
|Reschs Pilsener||4.4%||355ml Bottles, 750ml Bottles|
|Sheaf Stout||5.7%||375ml Bottles, 750ml Bottles|
|VB Gold||3.5%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 375ml Cans, 750ml Bottles|
|Victoria Bitter||4.9%||Draught, 250ml Bottles, 375ml Bottles, 375ml Cans, 750ml Bottles|
|Bulmers Original||4.7%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 500ml Bottles|
|Bulmers Pear||4.7%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 500ml Bottles|
|Dirty Granny||5.5%||Draught, 345ml Bottles|
|Mercury Genuine Draught||5.2%||375ml Bottles, 750ml Bottles|
|Mercury Medium Sweet||5.5%||375ml Bottles, 750ml Bottles|
|Mercury Special Dry||5.5%||375ml Bottles, 750ml Bottles|
|Strongbow Classic Apple||5%||Draught, 375ml Bottles, 500ml Bottles|
|Strongbow Classic Pear||5%||375ml Bottles|
|Strongbow Crisp||5%||375ml Bottles, 500ml Bottles|
|Strongbow Lower Carb||5%||375ml Bottles|
|Strongbow Sweet||5%||375ml Bottles|
- History of Carlton & United Breweries, AustralianBeers.com. Accessed 2009-10-10.
- ASX Announcement - CUB Name Change, Media release, 1 July 2004, Fosters.com.au. Accessed 2009-10-10.
- Foster's announces the outcomes from its wine review, ASX announcement 17 February 2009, Media Centre, fosters.com.au. Accessed 2009-10-10.
- "VB regains crown as nation's favourite beer"
- Moloney, John. (1987) The Penguin bicentennial history of Australia: The story of 200 years, New York: The Viking Press, p.219.
- G. P. Walsh. (1988) 'Resch, Emil Karl (1860 - 1930)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, Melbourne University Press, pp.365-366.
- Beer - Carlton & United Breweries (CUB), http://cub.com.au/beer
- Cider - Carlton & United Breweries (CUB), http://cub.com.au/cider