Carlton County, Minnesota

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Carlton County
Carlton County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Carlton County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°35′N 92°41′W / 46.59°N 92.68°W / 46.59; -92.68
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMay 23, 1857 (created)
1870 (organized)[1]
Named forReuben B. Carlton
SeatCarlton
Largest cityCloquet
Area
 • Total875 sq mi (2,270 km2)
 • Land861 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  1.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
35,837
 • Density41.2/sq mi (15.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.carlton.mn.us

Carlton County is a county in the State of Minnesota, formed in 1857. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 35,386.[2] Its county seat is Carlton.[3] Part of the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation lies in NE Carlton County.

Carlton County is included in the Duluth, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Carlton County lies on the east side of Minnesota. Its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Wisconsin. The Saint Louis River flows east-southeasterly through the county's NE corner, discharging into Lake Superior as it exits the county. The Moose Horn River flows southwesterly through the central part of the county, discharging into the Kettle River SW of the county's south boundary. The Nemadji River and the South Fork Nemadji River flow eastward through the eastern and SE part of the county, meeting a few miles east of the county's eastern boundary before flowing to Lake Superior. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, heavily wooded.[4] The terrain slopes to the several river valleys; the NW corner lies at 1,329' (405m) ASL,[5] and a small hill 0.2 mile (0.35 km) west of Rogers Lake[4] rises to 1,450' (442m) ASL.[6]

The county has a total area of 875 square miles (2,270 km2), of which 861 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (1.6%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[4][edit]

History[edit]

Under a 1854 Treaty of La Pointe the Fond du Lac Indian Reservation and other reservations were established in exchange of all of the Lake Superior Ojibwe lands in the Arrowhead Region.

In 1857, Carlton county was formed and organized in 1870.[8] It was named for Reuben B. Carlton, a member of the Minnesota Senate (1857–58).[9]

In October 1918, an immense forest fire occurred known as the Cloquet Fire. The Carlton County Historical Society hosts a permanent exhibit about the Fires of 1918 besides one about the Ojibwe of Carlton County, and the Logging Era.[10]

Climate and weather[edit]

Carlton, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
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20
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0.9
 
 
27
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68
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54
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37
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1.1
 
 
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carlton have ranged from a low of 1 °F (−17 °C) in January to a high of 80 °F (27 °C) in July, although a record low of −45 °F (−43 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.87 inches (22 mm) in February to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in September.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186051
1870286460.8%
18801,230330.1%
18905,272328.6%
190010,01790.0%
191017,55975.3%
192019,39110.4%
193021,2329.5%
194024,21214.0%
195024,5841.5%
196027,93213.6%
197028,0720.5%
198029,9366.6%
199029,259−2.3%
200031,6718.2%
201035,38611.7%
Est. 201835,837[12]1.3%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2018[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 35,386 people residing in the county. 89.7% were White, 5.9% Native American, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 2.4% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 16.4% were of German, 13.5% Finnish, 8.9% Norwegian, 8.6% Swedish and 5.6% American ancestry.[17]

As of the 2000 census, there were 31,671 people, 12,064 households, and 8,408 families in the county. The population density was 36.8/sqmi (14.2/km²). There were 13,721 housing units at an average density of 15.9/sqmi (6.15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.75% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 5.19% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. 0.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.5% were of German, 16.9% Finnish, 12.5% Norwegian, 11.8% Swedish and 5.8% Polish ancestry. 95.5% spoke English, 1.8% Finnish and 1.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 12,064 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population contained 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,021, and the median income for a family was $48,406. Males had a median income of $38,788 versus $25,555 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,073. About 5.40% of families and 7.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.20% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Politics[edit]

Local government[edit]

As of 2019, the Carlton County Sheriff is Kelly Lake.[18] The Carlton County Board of Commissioners consists of 5 members, each representing one district.[19] In April 2019 Lake and the Fond du Lac Police Department collaborated in training on the topic of sex trafficking on behalf of other sheriff agencies that would be affected by the upcoming Enbridge Line 3.[20] In 2017, Carlton County published a detailed Jail & Criminal Justice System Planning Study.[21] As of 2019, Carlton County Public Health employs 36 county staff and 6 contract staff. It has been operating since 1920.[22]

National[edit]

Carlton County voters are traditionally Democratic. In no national election since 1928 has the county selected the Republican Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 44.8% 8,160 46.5% 8,460 8.7% 1,591
2012 35.7% 6,586 61.8% 11,389 2.5% 461
2008 35.5% 6,549 62.3% 11,501 2.2% 399
2004 36.2% 6,642 62.5% 11,462 1.3% 230
2000 37.0% 5,578 57.2% 8,620 5.9% 883
1996 29.0% 4,034 57.9% 8,052 13.1% 1,829
1992 26.6% 3,922 52.5% 7,736 21.0% 3,089
1988 34.1% 4,626 64.8% 8,790 1.1% 144
1984 34.3% 4,877 64.7% 9,189 1.0% 137
1980 32.1% 4,760 59.5% 8,822 8.4% 1,251
1976 31.3% 4,371 66.3% 9,247 2.4% 334
1972 42.8% 5,445 55.9% 7,116 1.3% 169
1968 25.1% 3,016 71.0% 8,538 3.9% 464
1964 22.5% 2,780 77.3% 9,552 0.2% 27
1960 37.7% 4,613 62.0% 7,576 0.3% 35
1956 39.0% 4,168 60.7% 6,484 0.2% 25
1952 39.0% 4,175 60.1% 6,432 0.9% 91
1948 27.0% 2,742 68.6% 6,967 4.4% 448
1944 30.0% 2,653 69.5% 6,153 0.6% 50
1940 31.9% 3,400 67.1% 7,159 1.0% 111
1936 22.8% 2,163 75.3% 7,136 1.9% 179
1932 42.6% 3,336 45.8% 3,586 11.7% 916
1928 64.0% 4,582 29.9% 2,138 6.1% 438
1924 49.8% 3,142 4.8% 303 45.4% 2,869
1920 59.5% 2,833 24.2% 1,152 16.4% 779
1916 40.2% 1,096 40.9% 1,115 19.0% 517
1912 10.9% 283 24.4% 631 64.7% 1,673
1908 62.4% 1,487 21.2% 506 16.4% 391
1904 76.9% 1,480 12.3% 236 10.8% 208
1900 68.8% 1,119 28.7% 467 2.5% 41
1896 67.2% 1,169 31.2% 543 1.7% 29
1892 58.5% 737 29.4% 370 12.1% 153

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Carlton County MN Google Maps (accessed 5 March 2019)
  5. ^ "Find an Altitude/Carlton County MN" Google Maps (accessed 5 March 2019)
  6. ^ Carlton County High Point, Minnesota. PeakBagger.com (accessed 5 May 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  8. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 73.
  9. ^ Minnesota Legislative Reference Library: RBCarlton (accessed 5 March 2019)
  10. ^ Carlton County Historical Society
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Carlton MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder"
  18. ^ "Sheriff's Office, Carlton County, MN". www.co.carlton.mn.us. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  19. ^ "County Board of Commissioners Carlton County, MN". www.co.carlton.mn.us. n.d. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  20. ^ "Nahgahchiwanong Dibahjim owinn an" (PDF). Fond du Lac Reservation Business Committee. June 2019. p. 17.
  21. ^ CARLTON COUNTY JAIL & CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM PLANNING STUDY (Report). December 5, 2017. p. 196. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  22. ^ "Public Health". Carlton County, MN www.co.carlton.mn.us. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°35′N 92°41′W / 46.59°N 92.68°W / 46.59; -92.68